The Glass Ceiling Exists as More Than Just an Inequality Some barriers exist as harder to overcome than others. For example, the glass ceiling or “concrete ceiling” as black women refer to it as. Qualification and ability have little bearing on advancement, while race and gender play a more important role. The racial and gender inequality needed a more impactful name because it’s discrimination on a higher level- discrimination that affects one’s lively hood and ability to support his or her family. As well as discrimination that effects the distribution of individuals doing well throughout the hierarchy of the workplace is unequally distributed.
Marx’s discussion on the matter of gender and family extends beyond just perceiving women as factory workers. The persistence of oppression in the bourgeois family as well as the notion for a new form of the family was noted by Marx. Even though not all of Marx`s writings on gender and the family could be applicable today, Marx discussions provide essential insights on gender and political reasoning especially with regards the topic of this research. Regardless of the fact that Marx did not develop a specific systematic theory of gender and the family, gender was an important category for understanding the division of labour, production and society as whole. Marx provided considerable insight into the gender relations of his own time, showing the need for a total transformation of society that would necessarily involve new relations between men and women.
Men and women are born on Earth in the same fashion. However, according to the article “10 Reasons Women Need Equal Pay, and are Still Fighting for it” by Meghan Werft, women do not receive pay in the same fashion as their male counterparts. This article details how a pay deficit exists between men and women who work duplicate jobs, and the reasons for which women deserve equal pay to their male coworkers. The article also describes how those reasons can benefit economies around the world. Using the literary appeal of logos, the rhetorical device of exposition, and syntactic strategies to establish the tone, Meghan Werft convinces her audience that a wage gap between men and women exists, and that the action of granting equitable pay can also benefit global and local economies.
Gender roles affect how men and women are seen and contributes to the inequality of women. If men were not constantly seen as the “breadwinners” or “protectors,” women would not have to do things like fight for equal pay. If women were not forced into submissive roles, and jobs such as nursing (viewed as a common submissive role by stereotypes (How Nurses are portrayed in film)), it would be possible for men to hold such jobs and roles that are catered to women, without the backlash that accompanies such decisions. The fact that we are currently going through a time, where women finally feel safe speaking against sexual assault and harassment (Time’s Up Movement), shows that there was a dramatic problem in the system before; one that can be
They argue that in capitalist societies, there is less emphasis on communal aspects and more emphasis on sexual partner and transformation of family into a means through which property can be inherited. This is very important to those who own private property because the Patriarchy and ownership of the women as part of the private property. Therefore Marxist feminists argue that gender inequality is the result of the development of the private property, there is that interconnection to class relationship (Anderson, 2012). Moreover, Marxist feminists argue that because of this gender division of labour, women’s work is devaluated on average. Because, in capitalist societies, most women are in the secondary market usually hunting jobs.
Structural mobility has two possible outcomes, one is when an individual improves the indicators of Social Classes (wealth, education etc.) that enables them to move up the hierarchy. Second is when an individual fails to sustain or maintain their social class, their situation may worsen. As for Circulation Mobility, it depends on the fairness in the allocation of opportunities and other necessities given by the society (Bok, 1996). Rise in Social inequality have been proven by the wide salary gap between the rich and the poor.
Consequently, there is evidence from studies that draw conclusions that there is gender bias in sentencing for both women and men. On the surface there appears to be a degree of preferential treatment or leniency in the criminal justice system. However, there are other factors that enshroud the whole aspect of biases that include class, race and the offence in question among others. There is need for the justice system to understand female offenders in order to be able to address it effectively and avoid the perpetual claims of bias which only signifies the
One of the critiques of the millennial development goals was that they were created under the context of “rich donors aiding poor recipients.” However, research has identified that the majority of the poorest people live in the middle-income countries. Inequality is the issue, and this applies to rich and poor countries alike. I personally think this is a very good example of how holistic research and knowledge of current issues could facilitate improved social change. Hence a more comprehensive set of sustainable development goals were created. This also implies that the effort made should be applicable to every country, and should be implemented on a local level.
Abstract: There are unequal privileges shared by men and women in the United States workforce. Throughout history human civilization have seen a revolution in the role of women up until modern society, where it is perceived as equal. However, although it might be invisible, an inequality gap still exists and acts as a glass ceiling for women. This research paper will be focusing primarily on the sociological and psychological factors that contribute to this difference in privilege. Different forms of research were conducted in order to thoroughly present credible results in support of the proposed hypothesis; these research materials will include quantitative and qualitative resources with extensive secondary data analysis.
Gender Stratification in Society According to Kofi Annan, “Gender equality is more than a goal in itself. It is a precondition for meeting the challenge of reducing poverty, promoting sustainable development and building good governance”. When an individual is being treated unfairly due to their gender, it is known as gender inequality. Gender inequality is more eminent among females and is known as a patriarchal society. It means that the society is influenced by the male.
It also matters over time, if inequality at one point in time affects inequality in the next generation (Corak, M. 2013). This raises the issue of equality of opportunity, or social mobility. The most common measure of inequality of opportunity is the intergenerational association of income, earnings, class, or other resources. Recent research provides more detail on barriers to mobility in the United States and other industrialized countries. Using methods such as analysis of mobility matrices, quantile regression, and nonparametric approaches, these studies show that a single summary measure may conceal variation in mobility patterns across the bivariate income distribution.