Role of Globalisation in Women’s Health: A Key Issue NEELESH PANDEY Abstract The health of Indian women is intrinsically linked to their status in society. Research on women’s status has found that the contributions Indian women make to families often are overlooked, and instead they are viewed as economic burdens. There is a strong son preference in India, as sons are expected to care for parents as they age. This son preference, along with high dowry costs for daughters, sometimes results in the mistreatment of daughters. Further, Indian women have low levels of both education and formal labor force participation.
A third of the child population below the age of 20 are considered obese. The way Americans eat today and the lack of physical activity is leading to serious health risk that will continue to get worse as children age. Parents need help from the government to help make changes in the environment that children grow up in. such as, limiting the unhealthy advertisements targeted at children, creating safe places for children to place and exercise, and encouraging parents to prepare nutritious meals for their children as opposed to fast food (Childhood Obesity). Interagency Working Group has started making a difference by setting recommendations for foods advertised to children.
So what is happening on terms of gender inequality in jobs in different counties. So why are women being discriminated in the labour force, it is for a number of reasons first of all they mostly leave for maternity leave to care for their newborn, normally in their time-off they are still getting paid. following up on that, women with a child are not always concentrated on work as they mostly care for the children, the cooking, shopping. This decrease working hours. For some jobs like mining and construction work, they find women to weak.
In Indian culture since very early periods, men have dominated women as a group and their status has been low in the family and society. Parents often think that teaching a girl child to manage the kitchen is more important than sending her to school. Many feel that it is an unnecessary financial burden to send a girl child to school as subsequently she will be married off and shifted to some other family. This orthodox belief of parents is responsible for gender discrimination. The preference for sons and disfavor towards daughter is complex phenomenon that still persists in many places.
Consequently, women provider households are most likely to fall into poverty. These factors shows that women are struggling to support their families because of the wage gap, affecting families financially. Some also says that women earn less because they spend time off for motherhood. It is true that women spend time for motherhood but even if women take time for motherhood, single mothers possesses only 4 percent of wealth compared to single fathers which is a mere $100 compared to $25,000 according to New York University’s Wagner
Learning and educational outcomes of children are affected by many factors including sleeping, listening to music, their parents, peer pressure, and, of course, breakfast behavior. Diet has an impact on people health. The lack of food when they are children affects brain development in long term. Actually, the most important thing is the balance of food including fruits, vegetables, and whole grains (Basch, 2010). As many people know, breakfast is the most important meal of the day because it affects how our body works because there is a long period, between breakfast and dinner, which our body requires energy to be activated (Basch, 2010).
The Child Act was recently implemented and it prevents girls from being expelled due to pregnancy (Odhiambo). The government made a step toward stimulating education as many women find pregnancy to be the downfall of their education; however, it still encourages young women to have children young which has inhibited education in the past. One woman said that her father found women’s education a waste of money and that a woman’s purpose to provide food and do the household chores (Odhiambo). The men in Sudan demean women and distort their minds into thinking that they do not deserve proper education. The women are probably easily manipulated because no one has told them that they have right to an education.
Due the constant pressure by the society and belief system women are pressed down and this leads to gender inequality and discrimination. Women in India are backward economically, socially and politically. Woman are underestimated by man in all aspects of life. Education of women is realized for the development of the society. Without educating womenfolk one cannot think of prosperous future generation.
Women's right and access to land, credit and education are limited not only by discrimination in law, but also because many more subtle barriers such as workload, mobility and Low bargaining power both in the home and in their community the barriers to the exercise of these rights. These problems affect their children: women earn only one-tenth of the world's income and less than one per cent of the goods, so that households that are not run by a man are more likely than non- Impoverishment These women also tend not to have their children immunized and not to have sufficient knowledge to help
Literature Review The issues of access to education especially for girls is a complex situation as In India there is a strong preference for sons over daughter s that lead to discrimination against daughters and research on education has shown that girls are at a disadvantage compared to boys and are less likely to attend school (Kingdon 2005), and even if they go they are more likely to discontinue at an earlier age to contribute to household duties or due to financial constraints in family that cannot support their education .Though there are numerous research on gender disparity none of them address the role of context that shape this persistent educational disparity . Girls are often taken out of schools to contribute to household responsibilities and in the case of millions of landless labourers’ families who migrate in search of work for more than 8 months in a year find it easier to leave behind boys who can continue going to school and take girls along as they are worried about the safety concerns of their daughters and also another issue regarding access to education for girls in the rural areas is that parents are not willing to send their daughters beyond their own villages for studies . Research has also shown that the mothers’ education plays an important role in schooling of their daughters and this lead to lower discrimination against the girl child. Communities play an important role in understanding social life in India as social networks are closely knit