Some cases may be more recognized compared to others but that does not mean it is not just as important, but it is just not as publicized. One of the most popular topics related to the fight for women’s rights is based on the unfair difference in wages between men and women. Despite having two laws against the gender based wage discrimination in the US which prohibits men and women from getting paid differently and yet there are still some people who are paid based on their gender. According to statistics the difference in pay between both genders for full time jobs are10%, and the pay gap for part jobs are 34%. Based on a website known as UK Feminista, many people work in a national minimum wage job, 70% of those are women (2).
There is a clear relationship between women’s status in a country and the level of violence against them. Twenty-seven countries in Europe and North America found that the higher educational and occupational level of women, the lower rates of domestic violence in women (Archer 2006). The social traditional stereotypes are still maintained and to constrain behaviors of both women and men though the government, social institutions that establish laws and codes of conduct. However, the belief of gender inequality that mentioned above, racial and ethnic minorities may not trust the predominantly White institutions and the criminal justice system (Klevens 2007). They may have been directly mistreated by those institutions or know that their partners are doing wrong.
Conversely, Koreans, Filipinos, and Asian Indians who are christian or not traditionally Confucian, respectively, have the highest rates for college degree attainment. This evidence shatters the notion that Asian “culture” is the determining factor in their success, making them the model or more desirable minority The workplace can be tricky to navigate for East Asians because of the vicious stereotypes that faithfully follow them wherever Asians go. A study by Jennifer L. Berdahl and MIn JI-A reveals that most workers prefer non dominant East Asian or a dominant or a nondominant White coworker over a dominant EAst Asian coworker. Out of East Asians, those who are more dominant or warm are racially harassed more and all types of coworkers( Berdahl, Ji-A). The most common workplace discrimination includes , lack of communication, being left out of networking and collaboration, rejection of opportunities for professional development, and a shortage of mentoring.
Gender is not only about fairness and equity, it is also about economic empowerment and includes many political, social and cultural dimensions. For decades now many countries around the globe have made substantial progress towards gender equality in fields of education and work. Nonetheless there is still a gender gap, women still earn less than men, are less likely to make it to the top of the job ladder and spend probably more of their final years in poverty. Gender inequality means wasting years of funding girls and young females in education, this implies less essential contribution that woman make to the economy. Making the best out of their talents, whether man or woman ensures that all have an equal chance to be involved at home and in the workplace, thereby strengthen their well-being and that of society.
Therefore, it is crucial for governments to enforce laws to create favourable environments to encourage more women to join the workforce. I will be focusing on the gender gap in economic participation in China and Japan as these two countries boast the second and third highest GDP in the world respectively (http://statisticstimes.com/economy/countries-by-projected-gdp.php), but rank in the bottom half of the Global Gender Gap report 2016, coming in 81st and 111th respectively out of 144 countries, and efforts have been taken by both governments to encourage more women to participate in the workforce. I will discuss of the effectiveness of these actions taken by the governments to reduce the gender gap in economic participation. As long as the government is involved, the gender gap in
Also, they were able to close the wage gap with whites (Guo, 2016, para-1). Many people gave Asians’ devotion to education as a credit for the rise of their earnings. But according to Hilger’s research, Asian Americans began to earn more because of less racism from fellow Americans (Guo, 2016, para-2). Discrimination against Asian Americans was not a good look for the Americans on the International stage. Therefore, white American politicians adopted embracing Asians as a tool to win allies in the Cold War.
Proposed sections to be utilized: Economic Globalization and Changes in Family Formation As The Cause Of Very Low Fertility in Japan (pg 97-114), Income Inequality In A Rapidly Ageing Society, Japan: Focusing on Transformations In The Structure Of Households With Elderly (pg 115-140), Ageing Societies: Present Challenges And Models For The Future (pg 141-148), Japanese Family Policies In Comparative Perspective (pg 149-174), Child Care And Work-Life Balance In Low-Fertility Japan (pg 203-228), Actors Of Social Policy Making In Japan: A Look At The Individual Level (pg 229-246), Business Implications Of Demographic Change In Japan: Chances And Challenges For Human Resource And Marketing Management (pg 267-294) Brief synopsis: The book discusses on the implications arising from low birth rate and population decline for Japan and Germany. Comparison with other countries are also included. There are mentions of some other countries who will be experiencing the same ageing problem in the near future. Reason for inclusion: Our group wishes to look into issues being discussed and analysed in the book, such as social ageing, family policies, family formation
The Bamboo Ceiling In 1985, historian David A. Bell claimed that the triumph of Asian Americans was “America’s greatest success story” (Bell). While one might argue Bell is giving the success story of Asian Americans too much credit, no one can deny the advancement of Asian Americans in American society. Despite being exploited and subject to discrimination in the mid-1850s to mid-1950s, Asian Americans have become one of the richest ethnic group in America and have a higher percentage of individuals who have received a college education relative to other races. However, many Asian Americans suffer from the “bamboo ceiling” phenomenon, where Asians are unable to advance to highest level managerial, executive, or social positions.
China also demonstrated higher political empowerment of women, especially with regard to women in parliament (China scored 0.31, Japan scored 0.09). But Japan demonstrates higher percentage of women in ministerial positions (0.13 Japan compared to 0.09 China). Higher economic participation and higher political empowerment are also ranked higher in China than in Japan. The Gender Inequality Index reveals that Japan ranks high with respect to health and enrollment in primary and secondary education, but low in terms of participation of women in the National Parliament and enrollment in tertiary education. Japan demonstrates medium results in terms of the economic participation.
First Draft: Gender Discrimination and Inequality Christina Mugugu Mupanda Chamberlain College of Nursing Gender Discrimination and Inequality Women, in general, are classified as weak people. Our society, working places, business and societies , workplaces, business and in our culture have the same influence. Today people are focusing on gender equality of which few of the are getting the attention. Decades ago women were more discriminated than of today. Now women are becoming more educated than men (Justin Healey 2014).