Housewife In her article "Motherhood/Paradise Lost (Domestic Division)", Terry Martin Hekker, a housewife who had been married to John Hekker, her husband, discusses the drawbacks of housewife as an occupation for women by sharing with the public her experience as a housewife in two different situations and centuries. The article aims to inform other women that depending on housewife as an occupation is really bad for their future. Hekker’s article is a good advice for today’s mothers as it is based on real experience. Hekker explains in her article that housewife is a good occupation, but there must be alternative jobs as it is not a permanent occupation. In her article "Motherhood", which was written in 1977, Hekker tries to illustrate that housewife is unique occupation although this job was considered shameful at time
“According to U.S. Census and Population data, the proportions of young women and men (aged 25-29) attaining a Bachelor’s degree or higher in 2014 were 37.2 per cent and 30.9 per cent, respectively. The gender attainment gap in the United States has hovered between five and seven per cent over the past decade” (Cooper). This data also shows that the higher percentage of Bachelor’s degrees are earned by women compared to men. Not only do women earn more Bachelor’s degrees than men, this gap has been present in data for the past decade. If these statistics have been true for the past decade, there should be more women in higher roles in the workplace.
In any societies, there is the stratification by sex, that is, they differentiate whether somebody is a female or a male. Sex is the biological aspect of someone, whether that person was born as a boy or a girl. It depends on the reproductive system. If we consider the biological explanation, then it would be the xx chromosome or xy chromosome, whereas gender is the fashion where society highlights the sexual differences amongst men and women. From the moment we are born, our lives are shaped by our biological identity that is sex, which later on, is influenced by an unlimited number of social, cultural, environment and psychological forces.
Gender equality is when both females and males have equal opportunities and the ability and power to shape their own lives. Unfortunately, in our society we are socialized as soon as we are born (Anderson, 13). Our parents start dressing us a certain way in accordance with our sex. The social norms established within our culture essentially tell us that men and women must behave in a certain way. Men are socialized into being dominant, aggressive, and unemotional.
But when a woman gets impregnated, the woman only who bears the weight of the responsibility: Child care. The female college student then is confronted by the burden of child care which includes after the childbirth and then their responsibility for education. (Amankwaa & Brown, 2007). It is perceived that early birth causes young women to drop
For the past 20 years, women have outnumbered men among new graduates and, as a consequence, female employees are now generally more educated than male employees. Without these educational achievements, the gender pay gap would be even wider. Even though women are educated, they usually can work for a job that not equivalent with their qualification and also it is because of little jobs opportunities. Furthermore, persistent gender pay gap within sectors and occupations cannot be explained by differences in
The gender gap in economic participation can be measured through the difference in numbers between men and women participating in the labour workforce. In the world currently, 82% of men participate in the labour workforce while only 56% of women do. It is estimated that if women participated in the workforce identically to men, the annual gross domestic product (GDP) in 2025 could increase as much as 26%; closing the gender gap by allowing more women to participate in the workforce is critical for long-term economic benefits. However, several factors hold women back from economic participation for several reasons, such as social norms, discriminatory laws, and gaps in legal protection. Therefore, it is crucial for governments to enforce laws to create favourable environments to encourage more women to join the workforce.
Gender is not only about fairness and equity, it is also about economic empowerment and includes many political, social and cultural dimensions. For decades now many countries around the globe have made substantial progress towards gender equality in fields of education and work. Nonetheless there is still a gender gap, women still earn less than men, are less likely to make it to the top of the job ladder and spend probably more of their final years in poverty. Gender inequality means wasting years of funding girls and young females in education, this implies less essential contribution that woman make to the economy. Making the best out of their talents, whether man or woman ensures that all have an equal chance to be involved at home and in the workplace, thereby strengthen their well-being and that of society.
• Compared to their female counterparts, male engineering graduates have a 16 times greater chance of bagging the Senior Management positions. • As far as the engineering post-graduates are concerned, men have a 4 times higher chance of getting into senior positions compared to equally qualified women. • In short, men show at least 8 times greater probability of promotion to senior levels than women with similar
It is said that the impact of globalization in Vietnam had a significant increase in exports and positive effect on employment, but negative effect on imports because of the competition brought by foreign competition (Jenkins 2014). Vietnam showed how globalization influenced their own economy to integrate worldwide. The unemployment rate was approximated 6% in last 15 years and the GDP of Vietnam was approximated 170 billion U.S. dollars. And there is a large proportion that women in Vietnam are participated in workforce, there are 72 percent of women are part of the labor force. But the concentration of women workforce is higher in agriculture, 59.8% of female workforce are in agriculture sector compare to male is only 51.5% (Binh 2011).