For displaced persons, security apparatus and external interventions, CAR received bottom score. 2. Somalia: This country was without a functioning government between 1991 and 2013, following multiple civil wars. Here, the infant mortality rate is estimated at being slightly over 10%, whereas the average life expectancy is 51.58 years only. It has been given worst scores for refugees and internally displaced people in addition with factionalised elites.
Because of new and promising social situation and circumstances, education for women became a significant and noticeable issue as well. In the contemporary independence, liberty, and equality of the new American republic, it was necessitated that women learned new skill and knowledge, also had suitable education to enable them to promote economic growth and reduce inequality. Moreover, in the book “Give me liberty”, Eric Foner wrote that “Even though republican motherhood ruled out direct female involvement in politics, it encouraged the expansion of educational opportunities for women, so that
Besides white women being paid less than men, more culturally diverse people are being paid even less than them. A USA today article on the gap says “The numbers were even worse for women of color, with black women earning 68% of what was paid to white men and Hispanic women’s pay amounting to just 62% of their white male peers, according to the IWPR.” click here for link. That is crazy considering segregation has ended, at least so we thought. Not only culturally diverse women, but all women are being paid less than men. As of 2015 women are only making between $0.76 and $0.80 for every dollar men are making.
According to Heidi Hartmann, a feminist economist and founder and president of the Washington-based Institute for Women 's Policy Research, “The Census Bureau reported in August, based on the Current Population Survey, that women’s real median earnings fell by $171, or 0.6 percent, from 2002 to 2003, while men’s increased by $336, or 0.8 percent. (The increase for men was not statistically significant, but the decrease for women was)”(Heidi). In light of these trends in women’s wages, women’s economic status has endured in the post recession period. Ida L. Castro, in her article on Discrimination in the workplace says, “ Over a woman’s lifetime, unequal pay hurts a lot. It directly affects how much- or how little- her pension and social security payments will be.
Reducing the amount of time women spend on unpaid work is also essential. As Prime Minister of Japan, Shinzo Abe found in 2014, when he launched his “Abenomics” plan to spur the country’s economy, a major part of getting an estimated 3 million more women to participate in the Japanese workforce lay in providing subsidized, high-quality child care. “Abenomics won’t succeed without women-omics,” he stated at the time. Between 1965 and 2010 labour force participation rate for women rose, but the time women spent on unpaid child care also climbed by a third. Since the Fourth United Nations World Conference on Women and the adoption of the Beijing Platform for Action in 1995, a number of governments and international development institutions have articulated their pledge toward gender equality goals.
The negative GPG represents the fact that the women’s gross hourly earnings on average were higher than that of men. Similarly, there was also a wide range in pay gaps for full-time workers ranging between 1.9% in Italy to 20.3% in Hungary. The UK and European equal pay legislation was created in an attempt to lessen the pay gap, or potentially to completely close it. The legislation is based on the fundamental principle that men and women are supposed to receive equal pay for equal work. Thus meaning, a man and woman working in the same position should be entitled to the same pay.
Research has shown that educating girls will not only benefit each individual girl, but also their community and country as a whole. With more bright minds in a community, solutions will be easier to develop for critical issues. Furthermore, women offer a different perspective from men which will lead to more creative solutions
Since the effect of paid leave on labor force participation rates is typically much higher for women than men, offering paid leave can help push the economy towards gender equality in labor force participation. This equality has obvious implications for economic growth. (Aguirre, Hoteit, Rupp, and Sabbagh, 2012). The benefits of paid family leave to individuals, to businesses, and to society are well-documented. Not only could a paid family leave program keep women in the workforce and decrease their need for public assistance, but it could reduce employer costs and contribute to U.S. economic
It is a challenge for organizations to advance, maintain and promote talented women. A strategic combination of individual advancement and a foundational change in mind-set could be the solution, and additionally a survey and in some cases a confirmation of organizational culture. The entry of women in to leadership should be enhanced so as to change the states of mind and the culture of development industry to draw in more skilled leaders with diversity. Hence not just the development business or the other stakeholders who impact women’s career but also the women concerned should take the concern to defeat their own barriers for entry into leadership positions in management. The acknowledgement of ‘soft skills’ to women has both positive and negative ramifications for women.
When that resource, time, is being used to focus on gender verses productivity the company as a whole suffers. By achieving gender equality in the workplace, companies should start to see a significant amount of financial progression. According to the Workplace Gender Equality Agency, “It can also improve national productivity and economic growth” (WGEA). This statistic can make for a great motivator in the business world. Not only can removing the gender factor reduce the number of barriers associated with females, but it can show that a company is willing to give every employee an equal chance which can lead to attracting newer potential experienced employees of both genders.