Gender Inequality In Nigeria

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Abstract Increasing inequality in Nigeria has been of growing interest to scholars, international political observers and the Nigerian public since the creation of the country in 1914 by the British colonial masters. The focus of this paper is on the extent to which the practice of democracy in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic has contributed to the reduction of inequality. The paper begins with the dimensions of inequality in Nigeria. The study shows that democratic governance has not adequately bridged the inequality gap in country. The paper further identifies reasons for the failure of democratic governance to address the problem of inequality successfully. It also discusses reactions of Nigerians to widespread inequality. Key words: Democracy, inequality, gender inequality, Nigeria, poverty Introduction This paper examines the extent to which the practice of democracy in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic has contributed to the reduction of inequality. Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa with a population of 160 million, about 50 per cent of the population of West Africa. Nigeria is also the oldest federal state in Africa (Adamolekun, 1991:1). Nigeria is a federation of 36 states and 774 local governments. The country was created by the erstwhile British colonial rulers in 1914 following the amalgamation of the Northern and Southern Protectorates. Nigeria is a very diverse country with over 250 ethnic groups. The federation of Nigeria came about as a

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