Gender Inequality In Sub-Saharan Africa

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How does gender inequality in education affect sub-saharan Africa? Education plays a crucial role in promoting the development of a country as well as helping individuals to reach their potentials for society. In 2017, the United Nations made quality education as one goal that all countries should try to attain, because education is the key to achieving sustainable development of a country(Goal 4). For quality education, education for female is also very significant, because girls take a large proportion of the population of the society. Carla Koppell of the United States Agency for International Development which is better known as USAID even called female education as a “silver bullet” for empowerment and progress (Top 10). That means gender…show more content…
Clearly that staying in school gives girls more choices and opportunities. These choices and opportunities would make these educated girls to become stronger and smarter. When girls could get these attributes successfully, they may even can take on leadership roles in their countries. For example, president Ellen Johnson Sirleaf who is leading the fight against Ebola in Liberia and put many efforts into women’s rights and empowerment is a very outstanding leader (How Empowering Women Can Help End Poverty in Africa). In leadership positions, women can help to develop policies that support women and girls, and continue to provide greater opportunities for jobs, education and health services for females(ibid). In countries such as Rwanda and South Africa, an increase in the number of female lawmakers could help to advance legislation that promotes gender equality such as providing equal land rights to women and ensuring reproductive rights(ibid). In Rwanda, improving land tenure security leads women owners to increase their investments in land by 18 percentage points, twice the level observed for men.(idid). The above information shows that when females have status in political field, then females’ future will be brighter and even achieve prosperity. However, the foundation of all things to…show more content…
The research shows that there are 36.7 million people who live with HIV worldwide and two thirds of them are in Sub-Saharan Africa (The Global). In addition, female HIV-infected individuals account for 58 percent of all of these people, if only calculate the people among all HIV-positive adolescents and young adults at the age of 15 to 25 years in Sub-Saharan Africa, 70 percent of them are female(Risks). These data definitely shows that female in Sub-Saharan Africa are very easy to infect HIV. One of the reasons of female vulnerability to HIV is poverty, because poverty can push girls into prostitution with older men. For example, in South Africa, it is reported that 34 percent of adolescent girls who have sexual activities have relationships with a man at least five years older than them (Age-disparate). That could more likely to cause risk of sexual infections like HIV for young women. However, as previous paragraphs introduced that the primary reason for poverty of women is the lack of education, so the essential method to solve the risk of spreading HIV is to achieve gender inequality in

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