Gender Inequality In The European Union

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The issue of equality, in general and between the sexes, is one of the most complex issue in legal theory and practice. The European Union is no exception in this regard. Even when one clarifies the content of equality, it is difficult to agree regarding the effective realization of this concept in practice. Gender inequality is deeply rooted and that is one of the reasons why is it so burdensome for women now to gain the positions on the top of the hierarchy. “These double standards are longstanding. For most of recorded history, women were largely excluded from leadership positions.” Achieving gender-balanced boards is currently a troublesome issue regarding the gender-equality in European Union and its Member States. Insufficient presence of women is particularly noticeable in the analysis of the leading positions in parliaments, governments and countries, which confirms the pyramid principle. The number of women decreases parallel with increasement of decision-making levels on key positions. It is possible to assume that discrimination is lower where there is a greater possibility of social control, which is certainly a case in politics, as opposed to family and work. Discrimination on grounds of sex is a widespread form of discrimination, and usually it is directed against women. Discrimination is also visible on boards, which are largely gender-unbalanced, for the reason that there are roughly no women on the top of the hierarchy: “There is a large gap

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