I believe that the critical lens that provides modern society with the most compelling view of literature is Feminist Criticism because it analyzes distrust and disloyalty among relationships, women being treated as possessions and shows the representation of powerful women. Modern society would analyze literature using a feminist perspective because most literature analyzes the relationship between genders and the powerful influence and meaning it has to the readers life. Othello is a great play to analyze with many different types of literature criticisms, but Feminist Criticism analyzes the plot and the main characters situation most. It is still so common to see many of the points presented in the book till this day, men believing that they are stronger than women and treating them as inferior. Even so women are trying to make their voice be heard and demonstrating everyday the vital impact they have in society.
Issac, "Skeletons in the Closet", by Clara Spotted Elk, is an effective essay due to Elk's usage of emotionally packed words and phrases. Her passionate stance on the topic as well as her personal experience on the issue. The rhetorical questions, as well as her strong vocabulary help the audience clearly understand her opinion and reasoning. Readers feel personally connected to the issue and, as a result, feel more connected to the topic. Elk also provides her audience with in-depth background information that gives readers a full understanding on the topic.
An example of this would be when Anthony questioned, “Are women persons?” to which she answered immediately after to say that women are, although they are not treated as such. Anthony’s strong use of her rhetorical devices, and use of her ethos, pathos, and logos, is what made the speech so powerful and well-remembered. Anthony’s speeches, along with several other speeches from several other women and their peaceful protests, encouraged America to move forward past their prejudice and accept the fact that women are in fact citizens, and deserve to exercise every right the founding fathers granted
She has multiple sclerosis. In the essay she describes the struggles of her condition and knows that it causes her to have limitation in everyday societal procedures. She blunt choice of word to describe only herself and no other. After reading her essay, the word "Cripple" is neither informal, accurate, nor realistic. It is derived from the Old English word cripple, to crawl, and is considered offensive.
Throughout history, women have had to fight against stigma and stereotypes in society. In every era, from the ancient world to present day, females have been persecuted and taken advantage of due to their gender. In our previous set of readings, the female protagonists were strong characters who defied weak stereotypes, but were still viewed as lesser beings than men. In our second group of readings, where were written more recently, women saw a slight increase in their sovereignty. All depict women as powerful figures who use their wits to make a better life for themselves.
Because the author is a woman writing about a woman, she is not taken seriously and is forced to either change her story to fit into a genre more centered to female readers, or risk the novel’s success by choosing a different target audience. I found this to be a good analogy for sexism, as it promotes the idea of women and their work as inferior, despite the male dominated genre being invented by a woman, Mary Shelly in 1818 with her publishing of Frankenstein (Milam). Even though the genre was created by a woman, the dominate group bars women’s work from being anything but inferior. While the solution to the first example may work in some ways, it would be better for the publishing industry to give female authors equal opportunity, and take their work at its actual value, not perceived value due to sexism.
Virginia Woolf: Shakespeare’s Sister In the essay “Shakespeare’s sister” Virginia Woolf asks and explores the basic question of “Why women did not write poetry in the Elizabethan age”. Woolf sheds light on the reality of women’s life during this time and illustrates the effects of social structures on the creative spirit of women. In the society they lived in, women were halted to explore and fulfill their talent the same way men were able to, due to the gender role conventions that prevailed during this era. Through a theoretical setting in which it is it is imagined that William Shakespeare had a sister (Judith), Virginia Woolf personifies women during the sixteenth century in order to reflect the hardships they had to overcome as aspiring writers.
Christine de Pizan uses her literary work, The Book of the City of Ladies, as a way to criticize medieval European society through the extensive use of multifaceted characters in a physical world setting. Through the construction of the City of Ladies, Christine questions the world that man created and proves that women are much more capable of doing physical and intellectual activities than men give them credit for. The story opens with Christine reading Lamentations, written by a thirteenth century poet named Mathieu of Boulogne, or Matheoulus. There, he discusses the fundamentals marriage and claims that women make men’s lives miserable. Christine reads this and becomes upset as her existential crisis sets in and feels ashamed to be
Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, a critic of Swift’s beliefs and the standards placed on women at the time, published letters and poems demonstrating her knowledge and spunk. One such poem, “The Reasons That Induced Dr. Swift to Write a Poem Called the Lady’s Dressing Room,” was written in response to Swift’s “The Lady’s Dressing Room.” Swift’s disgusting poem goes into grotesque detail about the objects in a woman’s dressing room. Montagu’s poem fights against Swift’s assertion that women are disgusting by nature by discussing their disgusting habits as a sort of power play. Montagu, as a non-traditional woman, serves as the underdog seeking power for herself and women in
This reductive literary tradition of portraying women as inherently crazy by authors is well explored in the book The Madwomen in the Attic: The Women Writer and the Nineteenth-Century Literary Imagination by Sandra M. Gilbert and Susan Gubar. In their tome of literary criticism, Gilbert and Gubar delve deeply through a feminist rereading of many celebrated 19th century literary works by female (and male) authors and quickly came to see the challenges these female writers encountered and the mechanisms they used as to navigate the confines of such tropes out of the scholarly and literary tools left from their male writer
She describes prosocial emotions practically by using great methods, happy embarrassment and vicarious pride. To explain each emotion, she organizes structure well to provide the map of her thoughts to readers. Also, this clear structure helps McGonigal’s text flow smoothly so that readers could follow her points easily. When readers look for certain concepts from her passage, they could easily find them because of her organized structure. Not only clear structure, she brings many different experts’ quotations to prove her arguments as logical information.
She even makes an allusion to Virginia Woolfe’s A Room of One’s Own, in which she discredits the homogeneity with which the mainstream feminists try to tackle women’s issues by saying “A room of one’s own may be necessity for writing prose, but so are reams of paper, a typewriter, and plenty of time” (116). Not even established authors can escape the blunt reality with which Lorde writes. She blatantly declares that her female readers will never understand each other’s struggles: “Some problems we share as women, some we do not” (119). Some might ask then how can we work together if we do not share the same issues?
The Treatment of Women in Literature Since the beginning of time, women have always been considered less than or inferior to men. Although, the treatment of women has improved tremendously and women are seeing more opportunities than ever before, we still have a long way to go. Until recently, the majority of published writers were men and the depiction of women in literature was mainly one sided. No matter what time period or culture, women in literature usually take the back seat to men. The once popular TV drama series, Twin Peaks, which was created in 1990, and Joyce Carol Oates’s short story “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?,” which was published in 1970, but was probably written in the 50s or 60s, are perfect examples of this.
In Virginia Woolf's excerpt from her memoir the author uses diction to show the relationship between the family. When the author stated "Show them you can bring her in my boy. " It shows that the father has a lot of faith in his son and that he believes he can do it. It conveys the lasting significance of the moments from her past because we are able to see how her family life was and how she remembered it. Another example of diction would be when the author stated "Next time if you are going to fish I shan't come; I don't like to see fish caught but you can go if you like.