Gender Inequality Of Women And Women

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“Work defines the conditions of human existence” (Ghosh, n.d., p.1)
Since the 1990s informal sector employment has increased rapidly in all regions of the world. In developing countries, informal sector is a chief source of employment for women. Majority of the women who are economically active in developing countries are employed in the informal sector and this claim is supported by the existing data. According to UN “In India, the informal sector accounts for nine out of every ten women working outside agriculture” (Chen, 2001, p.2). Moreover, a vast majority of these workers are either home based workers or street vendors. Their participation and contribution is not considered as “work” in the mainstream discussion because so much of it is invisible or does not fit into the dominant social perceptions of “work”. Even within a particular trade, men and women can be employed in different activities. Then also there is difference in their average incomes. Therefore, we can see that a central feature of gender inequality is the gender division of labour which manifests itself in social as well as economic aspects of life (Cohen, 2004). Moreover, this occupational segregation in the contemporary analysis fails to incorporate the excessive share of unpaid labour that women perform. These “invisible” household activities that women perform are not subject to explicit market relations. This affects the actual productive contribution of women which in turn affects the labour

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