Second, when women have kids their employers assume they will work less so they pay them less. Even when women show up to work often after they have kids, they still get paid less. As you get older the pay gap increases. According to statistics people within the ages of 55-64 have a 74% pay gap (Miller). Women also get sexually harassed at work and when they try to speak up, they face unfair consequences.
According to Collins & Singh, (2006) the organisational culture barriers are due to unfairness that are held by men which prevent women from being appointed into executive positions. It was further elaborated by Straub (2007, p. 292) who stated that “different gender roles are imposed on males and females from early childhood”. According to Straub (2000), state that the traditional role of women is to raise children whilst the role of the men is to work and provide for the family. According to Oakley (2000), women perceive gender bias to be one of the biggest challenges they have faced in their professional careers. Women have been faced with assumptions that they were hired or promoted because of their gender and not because of their competencies
As a result, women will fall flat of becoming the model employee, according to the way the working culture is organized; staying late at work, coming in early and devoting oneself to the company (Hoobler et al, 2011). This typical working arrangement forces women to choose between work and family. Many women have a strong commitment to their careers, but they are more likely to choose their family at the cost to their job (Slaughter, 2012). The extended hours required of senior management makes it nearly impossible to juggle family life with career, still the lack of available part-time or flexible work accessible to senior roles is infrequent (Wirth, 2001). In addition, the women who have the opportunity to work fewer hours may hinder their chances of future promotional opportunities since the males in the organization have invested more time to building their career (Wirth, 2001).
The problem with all of this is that most people believe that women are only good for domestic work. As i mentioned earlier, the fact them seen as domestic workers causes that they are not to be seen for their work potential or their university studies. As well as many of them are seen as sexual objects. In general women do not get paid less because they want to, the reality is that gender equality in the workplace still does not benefit women and probably never will, this cause women to accept a job knowing that it is more likely that they will not have the same salary as men. Women are more qualified, and their workday is up to ten hours more per week than that of a man.
Women in the early 1900’s didn’t have very much economic freedom. They were restricted on almost everything they did. They weren’t allowed in the workplace like their partners were so for women to make it, they had to be married. Now, however, women have economic equality with their partners. This can lead to a variety of failed marriages with both partners trying to reach success.
Often contributions of women in this economy are ignored, and their work is also underestimated. Gender discrimination reduces the chances for the women to eliminate poverty and also to improve their lives. The Inequality between women and men are found i.e. women have little access to resources which leads to the slow growth in this economy. Women empowerment in the economy increases participation of women in labor force and it reduces poverty in the economy, access of women farmers to the resources increase production and they can also support their families, and as women are the owners of property and earn money from it.
Maybe, the lowness in the employment rate of women in some physical jobs can be normal due to physical differences between women and men. However, the number of jobs that requires physical power decrease day by day and labor of these jobs are narrowed. Although that, still the employment rate of women is lower than men. For example, politics is appropriate for everyone, regardless of their sex. Despite, women politicians’ rate is 14.7% in Turkish Grand National Assembly, 2% in mayors, 2% in reeves.
This kind of ‘male ego’ restricts promotion of women at jobs. 4. GENDER PAY GAP AND THE INDUSTRY: The jobs done by the male and female, more or less differ from each other. Though “these differences evolve with economic development, the resulting changes in the structure of employment are not enough to eliminate employment segregation by gender. So, women all over the world appear to be concentrated in low-productivity jobs” (World Bank, 2012).
In our society today, women are treated differently because of their gender, are not given raises that commensurate with their station and often make less compensation than men. Women, also must often deal with sexual harassment in the workplace which leaves physical and emotional scars. As historically, in society today, women are treated unfairly in the business world because they receive less compensation than men, are
Abstract: Uplifting economic, social, political status of women is very much essential to empower the women. All over the India, the economic status of women is found to be very poor due to less education among women. So, to empower them, they needed to improve their economic status by standing on her own legs and providing equal opportunity in all sphere of life. There is a urgent needs for promoting education of women, to improve economic status of women, and eliminating violence against women to empower women. This paper discuss barrier of women empowerment, steps taken by government to empower the women and suggestion to empower them.