Gender and agriculture Agriculture is the main source of livelihood for Indian rural masses, including women who are extensively involved in the agricultural activities. Three-fourths of all women workers are in agriculture. A majority of women’s work involves land preparation, selection and seedling production, production of major grains and millets, applying manure seed, sowing, transplanting, weeding, winnowing, threshing and harvesting. Women work on family farms and as paid agricultural labourers on the fields of other farmers. The majority of workers involved in collection of non-timber forest produce (NTFP) are women, particularly tribal women.
Males, however, share the responsibility of taking care of ill animals. It is evident that the women are in performance a dominant role in the livestock production and managing activities. It is also noted that majority of the rural women are uneducated, tradition bounded and unskilled therefore their productive capacities are also low as compare, and counted as unskilled labour. Though rural women also help to produce the staple crops like rice, wheat, and maize, but her contribution is secondary in staple crop production, though, in legumes and vegetables, her role is
According to the paper, the role of women is mostly ignored by government and policy makers although women are the main practitioners of subsistence farming to maintain the livelihood of their families. Women provide between 60 to 80% of labour in especially in Africa and Asia and for these developing countries to have an impact on their agricultural development, they must begin to consider that most of the farmers are
And another important result of women getting educated is that there would be fewer children. In sub-Saharan Africa, women with no education have 6.7 births, on average. If all women there have been primary educated, the average births becomes 5.8 (UNESCO, 2013). As what is mentioned before, fewer children can solve the problem of hunger and thus break the vicious circle under the theory of nutrition-based poverty trap. And this may help with the problem of disproportionate number of citizens under the age of 30
The main agriculture sectors of tea, rubber and coconut employ more women in labour positions as pluckers, tappers and coir workers respectively, while an insignificant number occupy executive positions. The garment sector employs more women workers but fewer women in executive positions. Sri Lanka’s biggest foreign exchange earners are immigrant workers among whom women embrace a large percentage, mainly in the form of
Nepal is an agriculture country, 70% of people in the country depends upon agriculture. Agriculture is the main source of livelihood and employment. Nepalese farmers have small size of farmland and also have less than one hector land. These small size farmers are connected by cooperatives. So, cooperatives pool the resources of farmers and as a result they allow their member increase in bargaining power, face the various challenge of the price and increase their individual visibility and their capacity to negotiate prices and market their products.
Many of these incidents are not reported due to lack of accessibility and fear of embarrassment, but those who do face even more obstacles. Out of 48.63% of the total population of women, most live in rural areas decreasing the percentage of women working due to lack of education. As a developing country, Pakistan’s economy is generally low. This problem can be solved if we start giving women the attention and respect they
Investment in the sector from both African governments and donor has been low. As much as governments in Africa face serious financial constraints, the amount of budget allocation given to the agricultural sector remains very low. The World Bank (2008: 7) report on agriculture notes that while 75 percent of the world’s population live in rural areas and depend largely on the agricultural sector for their livelihood, an average of only 4 percent of governments budget allocations are directed to the sector. Even official aid to the agricultural sector has remained in decline from US$2 billion to US$1 billion per year in the mid 1980s to the late 1990s (Hazzel: 2009: 13). Between 1990 and 2000, analysis of the financial budget allocation of seven Sub-Saharan Africa nations (Zambia, Tanzania, Kenya, Ethiopia, Zambia, Nigeria and Malawi), revealed that the share of budget allocation to the agricultural sector decreased from 5 percent to 3.5 percent (FAO: 2006: 40).
Caste: Among the data collected from the village’s majority of them belong with Schedule Tribes with 34.9% and 16.1% followed by Backward Caste with 18.8% and 15.5% from Mohammed Nagar and Kannaram respectively. Education: Majority of the respondents are Illiterates with 43.4% and 21.4% from Mohammed Nagar and Kannaram showing low literacy rate among the villagers. Occupation: The data collected reflects at the fact that major occupation in both the villages is Agriculture with 35.5% and 22.3% followed by Daily wage labourers with 15% and 6.7% from Mohammed Nagar and Kannaram respectively. Housing Conditions: The housing conditions of the villagers are poor with the majority of them living in Huts with 28.4% and 17% followed by 21.7% and 15.8% living in Pucca houses from Mohammed Nagar and Kannaram respectively. Income: Majority of the respondents have an average family Income in between Rs 4001/- to Rs.