Rape and sexual assault does not only occur in the ancient times of The Scarlet Letter but is extremely prevalent in today’s society and is normalized through the depiction of rape culture presented in the media. In today’s society, it is imperative to address the rape culture that is being cultivated by the objectification of women, normalization of violence against them, and the recurring victimization of the victim because it leaves men confused in their relationships with women and women feeling disempowered and violated. One of the initial causes of rape culture is the way in which women are being objectified by men and the media as it creates a society that disregards women’s rights and safety. From a very young age, men are encouraged to believe that all women are property because of the media. In magazine advertisements, it has been tested that sexual objectification occurs more frequently for women than for men and that women are 3 times more likely to be dressed in a sexually provocative manner.
(WHO, 2016) In addition, women around the world suffer from violence either from their husbands or from groups in those countries. Women in Asia and Africa are the best example for this phenomenon. Therefore, this study will discuss violence against women including causes of violence against women, effects of violence against women, examples of countries where women suffer from violence and ways to overcome and avoid violence against women and ways to treat this problem. The paper will also discuss what people think about violence against women and whether if it is existed. In fact, many people think that violence against women is existed due to many factors.
With the feminist theory and women’s problems as the background, we are able to see that gender discrimination depicted in the novel is complex. There are a lot of atrocities by men on women in Afghanistan such as violence, subordination and stereotype
CHAPTER ONE 1.1 Introduction According to Bloom, (2008) gender violence includes sexual assault rape; relationship violence in the man and woman and same sex partnerships, harassment of sexual nature, stalking, prostitution and sex trafficking. Gender violence brings out the idea that at times violence serves to maintain structural gender inequalities which includes any violence against men, women, children and all of different sexual orientation. Gender relations greatly influence this type of violence. In order to address this issue, we have to address cultural matters that encourage violence as part of masculinity (Bloom 2008). Gender based violence is predominantly a male-patterned violence: a prevalent violence committed most often but not always by men and it is often motivated by aggression, revenge, competition, and entitlement.
Women has encountered sexism on a daily basis since history books could even record them. Countless times throughout time, women faced through struggles of unfair treatment, discrimination, and oppression due to the basis of their gender. From a piece written by Carol Tavris, it is mentioned that when men have problems of their own, society often blames it on his personality or the environment he is in. However, when women have problems, society blames it on her mental state or psyche. The explanations we make of females with men are so different because of how prominent sexism is in this society.
Women in the military are at higher risk for exposure to sexual harassment or sexual assault than men. Future studies are needed to better understand the effects of women's exposure to both combat and sexual assault” (PTSD: National Center of PTSD, 2007). Within these past recent years, a growing number of men and women alike have been speaking out as victims of Military Sexual Trauma, also referred to as MST. “Military Sexual Trauma is a psychological trauma, which in the judgment of a VA mental health professional, resulted from a physical assault of a sexual nature, battery of a sexual nature, or sexual harassment, which occurred while the Veteran was serving on active duty or active duty for training” (Military Sexual Assault and Trauma, 2011). This is an issue that
Therefore, rape is always associated with male-dominated society, where men have more power to control over women. Although rape is resulted from the gender inequality, people seem to ignore that there are cases where rape is also happening within matriarchal societies. Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) societies in Bangladesh and the Meghalaya people in India are categorized as minority groups, who are often dominated by the majority group of their country. The CHT society is an indigenous-minority group of
Rape Culture Rape culture is an issue all over America. It usually comes to light when a victim of sexual assault comes forward to talk about their experience and what occurred during the event. Rape culture is also embedded in today’s society, it can happen in an everyday setting with social media posts as well as the toxic masculinity that is taught and displayed throughout all of a young man’s life. However, not a lot of people are aware of how rape culture affects everyday life. The way to make people aware of what they’re doing to contribute to the problem is to educate the general public about rape culture and how it affects a victim’s life.
1. Introduction Gays and lesbians are in sexual orientation minorities who face daily sexual stigma in our society. Recently, crimes of violence against lesbigays are highly publicised and are registered in the political agenda. Moreover, the attitudes towards women, lesbigays and transgender people are the subject of international research in recent decades. Despite all the laws that allow homosexuals to marry, adopt children, as well as other rights, discrimination still exists.
In this society, the equality which stands between men and women is almost non- existent. It is widely believed that we live in a man’s world. Even something as common to our culture as the English language stands guilty to the possession of a rape content. With the “language of rape” surrounding our everyday lives and yet still being ignored as an issue seeking attention, it is common for many people to overlook the equally degrading images in which advertising agencies surround us with day in and day out. “Advertising contributes to people’s attitudes about gender, sex, and violence,” states Jean Kilbourne in her article, Two Ways a Woman Can Get Hurt With advertising agencies standing by the notion that “Sex Sells” it isn’t uncommon to find sex tied into a number of advertisements seen everywhere on a daily basis.