The supply of members of that group and the distribution of preferences among the majority generate the observed outcome of market discrimination. With that being said, employers tend to make assumptions about what kind of career opportunities that are inappropriate for women. Therefore, influencing their decisions about job applicants and existing employees. This causes the pay gap as they impact what career women apply for, what type of jobs they are offered and how far they can excel. This further influenced women choices when employers give out unfair compensation compared to their opposite sex
According Eurostat, in 2014 women 's gross hourly earnings were on average 16.1% below those of men in the European Union. Gender pay gap is becoming more important subject of various discussions. One of the major fighters in this gender based problem are feminists. They claim that an unequal payment is a consequence of man’s dominant position in the society. Scientists are less likely to agree with this concept and their opinion is more upheld by the variety of social and economic factors as well as personal life choices and each of them has a notable effect on different earnings among men and women.
In 2010, President Obama addressed the issue of the gender wage gap in a written statement that stated “even in 2010, women make only 77 cents for every dollar that men earn”. The president also put pressure on the committee to pass the Paycheck Fairness Act that gives women the right to sue their employees if they’re not being paid the same as men, provided they have the same skills, experience and education. The act takes immediate steps to narrow down the wage gap, if it actually existed. Nevertheless, despite that bill being passed, many argue that the wage gap is a result of “sex discrimination”. They believe in this part of the world, women are drawing even with men in terms of education and experience, yet men are paid more and do better
In another article by CQ Researcher, Women and Work, written by Michelle Johnson disagrees with Perry and that women need to be paid the same as men. While discussing the argument over the gender pay wage gap, Johnson and Perry have used rhetorical
Therefore, individuals are more likely to blame other causes to a problem such as women only work part-time, that admitting the actual problem of the gender pay gap disparity is due to discrimination against women. This could be a reason why some people believe the wage gap is a myth and if it does exist they are more likely to blame the wage disparity on women and not discrimination. However, according to Barbara Wagner, on her paper “The Complex Causes of the Gender Pay Gap” points out that there is a certain percentage in the wage gap that can be explain to other factors; although, there is a percentage left that it cannot be explain and is more likely to be the cause of discrimination. Another study that focus on male and female new graduated physicians, that indicates that right out of graduation school male physicians earn more than female physicians; even after all other factors have been taken into account, such as small physician practices and work load hour, and the scary part is the pay gap is “16,819 dollars difference” (Sasso, Richards, Chiu-Fang, and Gerber). Bringing to conclusion that discrimination is an issue
Second, when women have kids their employers assume they will work less so they pay them less. Even when women show up to work often after they have kids, they still get paid less. As you get older the pay gap increases. According to statistics people within the ages of 55-64 have a 74% pay gap (Miller). Women also get sexually harassed at work and when they try to speak up, they face unfair consequences.
Women however, are less likely to work full-time, with only 61.1% and 57.6% of women’s jobs being full-time for ages 30 to 39 and 40 to 49 respectively. 2. Having children may also change what women want from a job.Women often care for young children or elderly relatives. women are more likely to want the ability to work flexible hours, or to work at home, or to complete a project outside a tight schedule which are often lower paid or have fewer opportunities for progression. 3.Discrimination is another cause of the gender pay gap.
This kind of ‘male ego’ restricts promotion of women at jobs. 4. GENDER PAY GAP AND THE INDUSTRY: The jobs done by the male and female, more or less differ from each other. Though “these differences evolve with economic development, the resulting changes in the structure of employment are not enough to eliminate employment segregation by gender. So, women all over the world appear to be concentrated in low-productivity jobs” (World Bank, 2012).
Since the 1900’s there has been an ongoing problem with the difference men and women are paid while doing the same job. Men and women need to get paid equally to eliminate the gender wage gap and sex discrimination because it causes women to not get the chance at all the opportunities that men reserve. It also causes some to slip into poverty, and most women motherly figures so the need the money to provide for their children. Most women and men that work in the same fields do the same amount of work. On top of that they also have the same education.
Discrimination against women at work is still a reality and more in rich countries. Women must work almost 80 days more than a man so they can possibly earn the same, and still don’t have the same salary. It’s probably one of the worst problems that women are facing right now. Ironically, in XXI century the problem persists and it is even worse. While a lot of education is a useful tool for increasing earnings, it is not effective against the gender pay gap.