So, you may have heard that women earn 79 cents for every dollar that a male makes. But, what exactly does that mean? Well, gender pay gap is defined as the variation in pay between men and women. Women usually are paid less to do the same work. Gender pay gap is a hardship that women of all ethnicities encounter in the workplace.
Across the UK, men earned 18.4% more than women, according to the Office for National Statistics (ONS).The gap between men and women 's earnings for both full and part-time work has fallen from 27.5% in 1997 to 18.4% in 2017. Reasons for the gender pay gap : 1. Men are proportionally more likely to work full-time than women. At younger ages (16 to 21) men’s jobs are split almost equally between full-time
Countries should not have greater disadvantages compared to the United States based on low-income. The United States has a lot more advantages than low-income countries due to its wealth, such as well paid jobs, working with men and not having to stay at home with their children. It is a fact that women in the United States are more likely to be poor then men. Over half of the thirty-seven million Americans living in poverty today are women. The gap between men and women in poverty is far vaster in America than anywhere else.
There is an income inequality that exists in the Unites States, women earn on average 80% what the average male makes. In 2016, the median earning of males was $51, 640 while women made $41, 554 (Semega, 2017). Education also plays a role in the gender pay gap and even though women may be receiving the same degree as a man they continue to be paid less. The pay gap associated with education is illustrated by Larkin, "On average, a male with a bachelor's degree will earn $25,000 more than a female with a similar degree. Women with a master's degree earn $32,500 less than men possessing a similar degree" (2015, para.
Although women and men still work in different careers they still predominate in different fields. Notably, within the same company women predominate in lower value and lower paid jobs. Women often work in health education or customer service where the work is lower valued and lower paid than those fields that are dominated by men. According to a census conducted in the United States of America in 2004 “ This gap has been static, as women have consistently earned only 77 percent of what their male counterparts earn..”(U.S Census 2004) Additionally, segregation is frequently tied to traditions and stereotypes. Even though in some cases this may reflect personal choices, traditions, and stereotypes still carry much weight for example, this is evident in the choice of educational path and professional careers young women choose.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that single women who have never married earned 96 percent of men's earnings in 2012. When children comes into the picture, women tend to spend less time at work than men, furthermore, child care takes mothers out of the labor market, so when they return they have less work experience than similarly-aged males. Education also affects the wage gap. According to research studies, even within groups with the same educational attainment, women often choose fields of study, such as sociology, liberal arts or psychology, that pay less in the labor market. Men are more likely to major in finance, accounting or engineering.
Since the 1900’s there has been an ongoing problem with the difference men and women are paid while doing the same job. Men and women need to get paid equally to eliminate the gender wage gap and sex discrimination because it causes women to not get the chance at all the opportunities that men reserve. It also causes some to slip into poverty, and most women motherly figures so the need the money to provide for their children. Most women and men that work in the same fields do the same amount of work. On top of that they also have the same education.
The gender pay gap is a significant issue in the United States because it promotes institutional and internal sexism and the unfair treatment of human beings. An infamous statistic about the wage gap has been the 77 cent statistic, stating that for every dollar a man earns, a woman earns 77 cents. The statistic is calculated by, “...dividing the median earnings of full-time, year-round, working women by the median earnings of full-time, year-round, working men, all rounded to the nearest $100” (Glynn 2). This, however, represents males and females from all occupations, causing opponents to argue that, because it does not represent the gap between people who have the same job, a wage gap does not exist. Nonetheless, multiple studies have proven that a gender pay gap does exist within the United States.
The Gender Pay Gap in the United States For centuries, women have been subject to many different types of inequalities. Consequently, they are subjects of disadvantages every day. From politics, economics, education, and even health care, gender inequality exists everywhere. One of the biggest problems this causes is a distribution of wealth between men and women. Even though this has been a persistent issue to date, there has been little talk of change.
Women who work full-time make only seventy-seven cents for every dollar a man who works full-time makes. This difference is known as the, ‘gender wage-gap.’ Due to this gap, full-time women employees are presented with less money and job opportunities. The stereotype behind all of this is that, ‘women aren’t worth as much as men.’ This stereotype is entirely outdated and insulting. The stereotype that women aren’t worth as much as men, is false. Currently, more women attend college than men, are just as qualified to work the same jobs as men and can perform the same tasks any man can.
In today’s world, America has tried to compensate for past inequalities so that both genders can have equal opportunities in life. However, it is still not perfect. Meghan Casserly, a member of the Forbes Entrepreneurs team, analyzed the 2012 American Community Survey by the U.S. Census Bureau to discover that, “this year a total of 16 states boast women earning 80 cents or more to every male dollar, twice the count of 2010”. This shows how women are close to earning equivalent salaries to their male counterparts, but the gap is not quite closed yet. It is excellent that people are now paying attention to gender inequality and trying to do something about it.