world in which women are hyper-sexualised just because their higher melanin count, a world where men are marked as the leaders of the sexual world, a world where the minute you are born your future is determined because of your genitalia. This world is our world dictated and defined by the marginalised and nonsensical rules that fall under heteronormativity. In this essay I will be discussing what heteronormativity is and how it influences everyday life with close analysis of Nadine Sanger’s article “Scrips of Western Heteronormativity”. Heteronormativity is a social construct that has been intersectionally developed and institutionalised through the rigid binaries the media, culture and religion have created. Heteronormativity deems heterosexuality to be the only sexual orientation possible.
In a simple way masculinity can be viewed as the opposite or the counter part of femininity. But a critical approach of masculinity shows a different story altogether. It is not exactly the counter part of femininity rather a socially constructed form of behavior, attitudes, presentation depending upon the biological features. Manliness or manhood is not something which the man is born with rather after birth through the action and reaction, attachment and detachment, known and unknown one achieves it. “Gender identities are formed from birth as children are moulded into socially-approved patterns of masculinity and femininity.
Back in the days being homosexual was something serious, something that people did not see every day happening compared to this century. It was even more serious when it came to the subject of religion. Now, people are more opened and accepting on who you are and why you are the way you are. Famous artists even promote to be proud of who you are and accept the way you are. However, this did not stop him, as his first feature film contains a gay Mexican Immigrant character.
Some Like It Hot is one of the first movies to portray homosexuality and redefine masculinity. Undoubtedly, the premiere of the farce caused some confusion among the public (and was banned in certain places at the time), yet nowadays it is considered as one of the best comedies ever made. The movie
The film is weighted with numerous homophobic quotes such as, “But really, this is a great thing, even if straight guys might think it’s gross,” and “Having people think you’re gay is gross.” The sexual preferences of, in this particular instance, actual gay men are portrayed in a humiliating and demeaning manner. This film makes it seem as if one can get special treatment by proclaiming they are gay and abusing what is a struggle for this community. Contrasting to the constant objectification of women, members of the LGBTQ+ community have this struggle themselves. One of the newest additions to this film conundrum is G.B.F. (Gay Best Friend) (2013).
On the contrary, Judith Butler emphasizes gender as social norms. As a philosopher, Butler draws from psychoanalysis and literature. She claims we all detach ourselves from our attributes and explains what the trouble with gender is: it is a social construct; looks at what we put importance on, and it has strict binaries. Butler presents the idea of gender as performance or gender performative; to say gender is performative, means it produces a series of effects. The phenomenon produces and reproduces all the time; she makes a controversial claim that nobody is born one gender or the other.
We as humans shouldn’t have to choose how to behave or what to enjoy based off our gender. Society tells us what to do and we for the most part follow it because social media is a huge factor in displaying “supposed” gender norms. Similarly men and masculinity are the untheorized or undertheorized element in critiques of a patriarchal society (Walby, 1986,1990) that perpetuates sexual discrimination and inequality. It is shown through the items we have found. For example, when we found gravestones that wrote “Wife of..” or “Beloved Wife of
Together, they form a unity in each person’s experience, a unity that is inner and outer expression of gender. In the same light, we can also consider this behaviour as a result of the thinking that males are dominant over females. There are two factors why males are dominant over females. One is that women bear child and the other, women were assigned to take ultimate responsibility for taking good care of the
Even if they act non-concordance to their sex, there is no reason to treat them badly or eliminate their opportunities. According to the gender stereotype, there are certain things that differ for the two opposite sex. For interests and hobbies, boys are often encouraged to exercise and play video games, while girls are often encouraged to take up hobbies like drawing, dancing and playing instruments. For appearance, boys should have short hair and relatively sporty outfits, while girls should have long hair and dress up elegantly. These are all examples of behaviours that are considered as correct associated with the
There is a widespread debate about how kids develop gender identities. The nature side of the debate argues that masculinity is inextricably linked with the male body. In this view, masculinity is associated with the biological male sex and having male genitalia, for example is regarded as a key aspect of masculinity. However some have suggested that while masculinity may be influenced by biological factors, it is also culturally constructed. Proponents of this view argue women can become men hormonally and physically and that many aspects that are assumed to be natural are linguistically and therefore culturally driven.