There is definitely a problem when we talk about gender equality and sexism. It's everywhere: in movies, commercials on television, in music videos, at the workplace and even at school. The gender biases are blatant. One of the sources of the problem lies in the media and the way the media portrays women. For example, the function of an assistant can be fulfilled by both a man and a woman, but when we look at movies and commercials, we often think that it is weird when the assistant of a powerful man is not a woman but a man.
This essay will discuss about two selected movies; each movie will portray a common stereotype and will be examined in relevance to the current time. The area of analysis will include stereotypes that are common for both men and women by building contrast between the ancient times and currently. The essay will also argue the application of ancient stereotypes that are still applicable in recent movies. The argument will explore how films industries have changed but still controlled by the stereotypes. The movies I have selected for comparison of male and female stereotypes portrayed are Avengers and Hunger Games.
In the Oppositional Gaze, Belle Hooks describes the process of identification as the subject (the woman) being replaced by another (someone in the film) that breaches the separation between the two, and in doing so, replicates the same structure of patriarchy (hooke, 124). Hooks describes that the existence of black women in a culture of white supremacy causes complexity and issues in regard to female identification. Due to poor representation of African American women in film, issues of identification can arise. One of this issues is explained in a scenario regarding a woman named Miss Pauline. Miss Pauline is a black woman who goes to the theater, watches a film (which is made for white people) and gets pleasure from it.
In society, there are several stereotypes and gender roles culturally influenced by women today. Cindy Sherman’s Untitled Film Stills series made between (1977-1980) shows different stereotypes of women in different everyday situations. This series consists of the artist posing as those female roles in seventy black and white photographs. In my opinion, by doing this series she challenges the way we view women regularly in pictures, by giving a different perspective. In this paper, I examine Cindy Sherman’s work and how my work is inspired by or relates to her work.
In the media, women are often portrayed in a condescending way as having more negative qualities than other traditional social groups, such as white males. This representation presents viewers with ways of thinking and acting towards people of this particular group, therefore affecting communication and perception in reality. Dolf Zillmann and James Weaver looked into the study of horror films and the gender stereotyped behavior. They concluded that “girls and female adolescents [in horror films] who are witnessed displaying fearfulness and protective need in the face of terror on the screen are more favorably evaluated by male and female peers and non-peers than their counterparts who are witnessed displaying no distress” (p. 87) The illustration of fear is merely only one example of women stereotyping in that viewers
Sex is scientifically defined as the biological differences found between human beings.Offering this definition Stein and Plummer are able to pronounce the ideology of many people in society as well as scholars. This is an ideology that highlights the reasons why people on a large scale would define these categories as deviant or problematized. Stein and Plummer remark that “Such studies tend to replicate social divisions,implicitly reasserting the exotica of difference ”(pg.179). In context clearly illustrates the need of people to recognize and judge the abnormalities that have not been normalized by society. Some of these could include a woman being judged or shamed for using the bathroom in an exclusivley ladies restroom without having or having been born with female anatomy.
Actresses, directors, screenwriters etc. have dealt with prejudice and discrimination for years. Now, more and more are speaking up about the issue, trying to make a change. Female director Lexi Alexander said to the guardian that 99% of women working in the film and television industry have experienced sexism. (Day, Hoggard, Bromwich 2015, prgrh.
The theory gender in today's world is still almost a grey area, its almost split between what we think should be shown to our children and youth but also split in to habits that are limiting and still questionable. Gender beholds an emphasis on femininity when looking at it from the perspective of Film. it clearly derives from political standpoint to identify and work against gender inequalities.often it is
Gender roles in movies and its influence on society during 1950s America The actresses and actors on the screen had a vast influence on the people watching ,resulting into the society mimicking the characters that movie making presented to the audience and through this applying the american dream to the society. The women on the big screen was to appeal to the male audience and influence the females watching to want to portray them enforcing conservative and biblical values to result in a nuclear family. The majority of family lives were similar to the ones in the movies but the question is to what extent was the audience watching these tv shows influenced by the values and ideologies presented in tv shows and movies?. The main ideologies which took over the society in the 1950s America was a result of many different factors adding up to form a certain atmosphere. The factors being the aftermath of WWII where
The purpose of this ethos is how female characters are perceived by the public. Highlighting the word “equality” in McDougall’s last paragraph, and make a compare to gender equality - a problem that has been highly valued and hotly debated. When referring to this issue, is there going to be some audience who think that there 's a gender inequality in a movie where the female characters are not as strong as the male characters? The answer is negative. Michael Scott’s claimed a point in goodreads, and I think it would be a good critical way to give an explanation of Mcdougall’s idea; she saying “a female character is strong is a double standard because it’s the same thing as saying that women are, by default, weak”, continually she added “to love them for all their strengths and in spite of all of their weaknesses” and the most important is “to courageous humans who struggle with both their powers and their defects, who frequently make mistakes”
“Untitled Film Still #35” is created by Cindy Sherman in 1979. We can see that there is a woman standing in the picture, and the background is consisting of black and white colors. The woman seems cold and mad. Most of the pictures in this series give the viewers an impression of popular film genres, like film stills. Sherman used the photography to express her idea, and she liked to convey female’s beauty for enjoying men’s gazing, which is a primary concentration of contemporary feminist theory, which consider gender as a socially constructed concept.
Statistics show that females have been losing out in the film industry, female protagonists within film have dropped from 16% (in 2013) to 14% (2014 statistics) within the top 100 films on IMDB3. Showing the decline in equal representation of females. Women make over 50% of the population in the United States of America, the United Kingdom and Japan. This would suggest, statistically, if there was to be any significant inequality between male and female lead characters, within film - female leads would be featured more often. After carrying out a self-conducted interview (of 20 participants), I found that, over 15 participants thought that females were represented inaccurately within Romantic Comedies.