According to Jacobs (1996), literatures based on gender inequalities “often treats all aspects of education disadvantaging women”. However one could argue against Jacobs’ statement that women today are seen to achieve more advantages in education and a reversal in roles between men and women in education is evident in some areas (Buchmann, Diprete and McDaniel, 2007). Women can and do achieve success in education as well as men do. The preconceived idea that females achieve less than their male counterparts has been argued against by studies showing that female motivation and determination to succeed in education equals or often surpasses male achievement (Mickelson, 1989). According to Treiman and Terrell (1975) women’s status in society was based upon the success of their husband and therefore education was seen as less important for women to achieve than their spouses, education was thought to be a luxury for women rather than a right like it was thought to be for men.
This provides children with traditional gender role distribution the chance to experience a more egalitarian approach on women’s and men’s roles. This effect gets intensified when men work in kindergarten and take up the roles identified as feminine. Cuddling, caring, cleaning and feeding belong to the duties of a kindergarten employee and especially in Germany is the demand for male educators especially high (Zanetti 2014). The occupation is, however, strongly feminized and some parents are reluctant to leave their children in the care of a mixed team of kindergarten teachers, as they might not be caring and kind enough or some even fear that pedophile tendencies might be behind their interest in children. While many parents observe that their children behave different around male educators and are already at the age of two more “flirty” (Zanetti
The study hypothesized that “the choice of curricular track would correspond to traditional sex-role stereotypes and that there would be a significant difference between the two groups in terms of feminine orientation” (Wulff & Steitz, 1997). However, neither hypothesis was supported and in fact the cosmetology group was significantly more androgynous. Thus, this demonstrates how a stereotypical view on sex-roles is perhaps incorrect, since there is the possibility that many deviate from either a male or female
At the same time, women think that men do not go shopping as it is most common that women go shopping. These accusations are also known as gender stereotypes where certain activities are done by a certain gender only. Most of the time, such labels construct the development of unfair and unequal treatment for either one of the genders. In some cases, religion also contribute to the rise of gender inequality. Many women especially in a Muslim country suffer gender discrimination as many believe that women are not compatible to become the leader of the country and think that men are more capable to take up the responsibility to become a leader.
A group of researchers from Cornell University, Ellis, Fosdick, and Rasmussen (2015) analyzed that while controlling for academic preparedness, career intentions, and instruction, a woman is 1.5 times more likely than men to be discouraged from continuing calculus and further pursuing STEM fields for academics and professional fields. They further analyzed that such the main factor behind such dissuasion is lack of math confidence instead of their ability in math (para
It is my position that gender identity plays more of a role than sexual orientation does. If someone was born a male or female, it doesn’t mean that is how they automatically identify as. Society does try to fit people into the standardized thinking of blue is for boys and pink is for girls. In time though that stigma has changed and we are changing our views on how people identify. Individually we all reach a point where we choose what gender we associate with.
Mainly because it is easier to conform than to do something completely daring and new. If an individual tries to do something out of the box, he/she must be a risk-taker. Moreover, human beings want to be loved and accepted by the people around them is another reason why people just end up conforming to gender roles. Conclusion: The extreme prevalence of gender roles in our society is in fact very unfortunate. Stereotype or a specific profession clearly, all people are affected by ongoing issue of gender inequality.
However for the people who have been here longer, think of the dream more related to wealth than the traditional values (Rosenfeild). For example, the economically disadvantaged may just want the things that are necessary, such as a decent home, any mode of transportation, and a better education for themselves and their children. However, the economically advantaged want more than what is necessary, for example, more than one nice car, a bigger house than what they need, and more money than they could possibly ever use. Ronald Reagan and Bill Clinton are two of many who believe they have achieved the American Dream and show that it still exists today. Both were sons of alcoholic middle-class men but eventually through hard work, became two important people in the course of history (Meacham).
In the modern society these traditional ways of behaviour are changing, men are becoming household fathers while the women are working and making a success of themselves in the workplace. This makes it easier for people to interact with the opposite gender, because there isn’t a “punishment” for interacting with the opposite sex. According the research we did, men from coloured and black backgrounds are raised to show more masculine attributes. They must be successful or is seen as failures. They tend to associate themselves with people from the similar backgrounds, religion and race.
Along with topics such as race, religion and class, gender has become a commonly discussed topic in sociology. With this comes the discussion of transgenderism and gender identity. Progressive movements and organisations such as third-wave feminism and the United Nations actively support progressive gender theory, pushing for laws regarding the rights of those who don’t conform to a gender binary. The field of gender theory discusses a multitude of topics, with the major subjects being the difference between sex and gender and the social construction of gender. Modern sociology states there is a difference between sex and gender – defining sex as “the biological categorisation based on reproductive organs” and gender as a “social classification based on on’s identity, presentation of self, behaviour and interaction with others” (Crossman, 2017).