Essay On Gender Roles In The Family

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In many societies, family life is organized around the gender roles, that is, duties and responsibilities are performed according to the sex of the members. According to some sociological theories, gender roles in the family are natural. For instance, according to the sociologist, Parsons [no date], there is the instrumental role and the expressive role. In the nuclear modern family it is essential that one parent perform the instrumental role who is usually the father (the latter performs the role of leader and provider); and the mother takes up the expressive role (giving emotional support and performing the primary socialization of children).
1.2 THE EVOLUTION OF FAMILY AND GENDER ROLES
Gender roles are “socially and culturally defined prescriptions and beliefs about the behaviour and emotions of men and women.” (Anselmi and Law 1998, p.195)
In traditional families, it has been always the male that exudes power and the female was seen as weak, fragile and to be dependent on her husband. A boy was raised to be the head of the family and to protect the womenfolk in the house, it was seen as important for a boy to attend school, get good qualifications to be able to provide for his family in the future. On
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There are work that are done by men and others done by women. For example, car maintenance, cleaning the yard and paying bills which are works done once a while have been historically performed by men as compared to women who do the routine work such as housecleaning, cooking, grocery shopping and so on. (Kimmel and Aronson, 2003).
Hochschild (1989a) said that there are three types of marital role ideology, the study was conducted with working couples. Refer to Appendix 1 for more details, followed by Appendix 2 and Appendix 3 which is attitude to gender roles and gender aspect respectively.
1.8 VARIABLES USED TO EXPLAIN THE DIFFERNCES IN HOUSEHOLD
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