It is rather difficult to critique his films from a patriarchal perspective as he questions and undermines the system which is very evident from his creation of Lisa Fremont. It also suggests Hitchcock’s ideology that female independence and equality are no no longer detrimental or harmful to marriage. At the same time Hitchcock forsees danger in maintaining the tradition of male authority. Spoto opines that “the highly moralistic Hithcock describes the devastating effect of crime on the victim; his real contempt is for the victimizer, in every case a man. In most Hithcock romances, the woman is courageous precisely because she is willing to risk so much for love—something alien to the manipulative, ungrownupman” (qtd in Keith 1).
I will argue that many of the female characters in the Aeneid are portrayed as irrational, rebellious and pose various threats to the Roman cause. The actions of the women are often in deep contrast to the events fated to happen. This depiction of women is significant because it allows the men, who are often the cause of their irrationality, to be portrayed as the rational and restrained beings in this epic. Dido, the queen of Carthage and Aeneas’s unintended lover, is a prime example of how women are depicted in this epic. Her love for Aeneas makes her irrational and drives her to resist the plans set in motion by the Fates.
In fact, both women help to form the concept of masculinity for the two characters as they insult and push their male counterparts to commit. Titus’s characterization as the masculine authority of Rome, in a sense, would not exist without Tamora’s urging and provoking him to retaliate against her actions. Titus was strongly opposed to the idea of revenge and it was not until Tamora instilled fear and anxiety through the organization of Lavinia’s rape and mutilation that Titus began to practice revengeful tactics. Throughout the beginning of the play, Lady Macbeth is traditionally noted for acting as the more “masculine” character; while Macbeth’s meek and cautious qualities define him as
She is malicious not only in words but also in her intent. Her sole object is to obtain power and wealth, with its attendant treasures. Lady Macbeth lacks humanity and regrets that she was not born as a man. She understands that power and violence are synonymous with manhood and bravery. Additionally, Lady Macbeth interests’ and ambition, override her love for even her husband, Macbeth.
The jealousy that marks Hedda’s feelings towards Mrs Elvsted is used to simulate the self-loathing in women that stems from the inability to fit into the traditional female role in society. Where Mrs Elvsted is docile and nurturing, Hedda is manipulative and destructive. This creates a jarring effect as the audience can directly compare the two female characters, especially when the audience notices how effortlessly Mrs Elvsted is able to influence and inspire other characters, like Lovborg and later Tesman, constructively while “everything that [Hedda] touches becomes mean and ludicrous” (p 99). It is ironic that while both female characters were feeling unfulfilled, ultimately, it was Mrs Elvsted - a character who fit into the female role completely - who passionately rejects society’s conventions whilst Hedda kept trying to act within such conventions, even though she had made it clear that she was miserable. This further emphasises Mrs Elvsted’s perfection as she becomes socially liberated, though she only does so to remain emotionally close to Lovborg and continue to play a supporting role to him.
On the other hand the way Hamlet expresses his gender is contrived by social norms and predefined ways of being each gender, as it is demonstrated that he does behave differently and does know to have another side to him. Also Emma may seem to be quite the opposite of Hamlet and instead be a wholesome representation of feminists or rather free gender expression I don’t think that would be an accurate statement. Emma is free, yes, but she too expresses sometimes the need to not be under the pressure of expressing her inner rebellious and independent woman. When on the verge of marrying Mr.Knightley, she started panicking over the fact that she wanted to be independent yet attached to him and that was expressed by her not wanting to move form Hartsfield, on the other hand, was Hamlet such a distasteful man he would have never gone to Ophelia’s room to hug her and then leave without a word. There is no such thing, I believe, as complete liberty of gender expression.
Their tough archetypes were always present in many plays and reinforced the idea of male superiority. This fact held true, especially for a certain tragic classic by William Shakespeare. There was a misogynistic mentality towards women in Romeo and Juliet, evident through the way women were shown as objects, portrayed as weak, and made to seem unable to dictate their own lives. Men in Romeo and Juliet could be seen acting like owners towards women. Women were seen as nothing more than possessions, as illustrated when Romeo first described Juliet as, “My lady…/my love” (II.ii.10).
It is so deeply embedded in our culture that a change in the former is more difficult to attain than a change in the latter. According to her, a sexual revolution would bring to an end the institution of patriarchy and the ideology of male supremacy. Germaine Greer’s The Female Eunuch (1970) makes a vehement attack on the stereotyping and fixed gender roles to which women are conditioned. According to her, “the female is considered a sexual object for the use and appreciation of other sexual beings, men. Her sexuality is both denied and misrepresented by being identified as passivity .
“Orgon's desire to retain Tartuffe is a function--a reaction and an invitation--of others' desire to be rid of him, of which Damis’ desire is the most strident, the most like the desire of his father in its imperious violence”(Mckenna). Andrew Mckenna illustrates how Orgon tries to protect Tartuffe from his family. He will stand up to his own family and betray them just to make sure Tartuffe will always be made to look like a saint. Orgon calls out his own son and banishes him for accusing Tartuffe of being a hypocrite.“Traitor! And how dare you even try To tarnish this man’s virtue with a lie”(Tartuffe 3.6.19-20).
It tends to upset the traditional power balance between the sexes and construct women as powerful and men as weak and threatened. The femme fatale was; a woman who seduces, exploits, and destroys her partners. O’Shaughnessy was deceitful and homicidal but also smart and ambitious. Their independence and power can be seen as a positive step in the representation of women. These women did not conform to the traditional role of the wife and mother.