The roles of both men and women have changed dramatically in today’s society. With the gradual uplift of the society, civic rights, citizenship and all those concepts, men and women have only just started to enjoy equality of rights. The traditional idea of men enjoying rights, and women shouldering responsibilities has undergone a change in the last few decades. However, the concept of “gender roles” is not to be confused with “sexuality”. Sexuality comes from within a person, while gender roles are imposed on a person from childhood, through adolescence until adulthood.
Gender and Media In today’s world, the media consists of so many representations and ideas about men and women that though it can be argued that there is no straight-forward effect, it has been accepted that it does in some way affect our sense of identity. The number of hours of television that a person is exposed to in his lifetime does support the argument that a human inadvertently at times uses television as a reference point. For example, fictional romances in television or in the movie shows how one should behaves in a romantic or in a friendly relationship while magazines for women and men churn out advices on all aspects of one’s life from how to manage your finances, how to discipline your kids, how to groom oneself and what the latest fashions are. To understand gender and the media, one needs to understand how feminism, masculinity and gender relations are being constructed in a world filled with rapid changes. From changes in gender relations, introduction of newer media technologies and the variety of control now available today, a multitude of factors influence how gender representations are made by the media.
Gender Roles and heterosexuality Gender has played a major role since the beginning of time, dictating how individuals should act within society. Gender is a fabricated concept which is shaped and brought forward by various institutions, such as the media, religion, culture and other systems. These hugely influential gender roles are so deeply rooted in individuals that they are accepted as social norms and standards that are rarely questioned (Johnson and Repta). According to Trier-Bieniek and Leavy (n.d), gender is the certain expectations of how femininity and masculinity should be acted out based on people 's assigned biological gender. When men and women enter into a heterosexual relationship, their gender roles are at play and sexual scripts need to be upheld over time in order to continue following the social expectation.
“Boys and Girls” The difference in gender roles plays a huge factor in how people in society view themselves. The short story, “Boys and Girls,” by Alice Munro is about a little girl who at the beginning of the story is used to being her father’s helper with his fox farming business, but later, falls into the female stereotype she desperately tries to fight. The girl is proud of the work her father is involved in but she loathes the different chores her mother does every day. Instead of cooking for the family, the girl would much rather be taking care of the foxes with her father. After the death of their horse, Flora, she stops fighting the comments of becoming a woman and chooses to act more like a “girl.” The girl begins to dream about being rescued, worrying about her appearance, and decorating.
Doug 's father got a new job that was far away from his own town so, Doug has to adapt to the town that he moved to. His family life is hard on him because his dad is abusive and his mom is loving but, flounders sometimes and she has to work hard to keep Doug 's dad happy. When Doug was compared to Ponyboy from The Outsiders is by S.E Hinton, Spider Women from Gods, Goddesses, and monsters by Shelly Keenan, the Father in the story, Pinocchio by Margaret Hillert. It is clear through their words and the way other characters react about them that these characters share a troublemaker, wise, and thoughtful character traits. Doug from Okay for Now and Ponyboy from the Outsiders both share the same character trait, troublemaker.
In this swift and modern society, advertising is believed to have played a considerable part in human’s daily life by rapidly providing them with the latest information of products which meet their quality requirements. Among tremendous means of advertisement, TV may be considered the most substantial one having a wild field of influence on the customer’s perspective. However, behind each advertising, there are obviously underlying messages which not everyone can fully comprehend. Personally, I claim that TV advertisements do include some gender ideologies, especially for women when they are normally represented as sex objects or housewives, etc. ; meanwhile; men are portrayed to be jurisdictional with their careers.
Media has always held a great influence over its targeted audiences, and therefore must be able to influence the views on societal norms that people hold in society itself. From this assumption, media can influence gender roles, particularly women’s roles, due to the portrayal of women in the media, as well. Throughout history, women’s roles have changed in comparison to the other gender. Furthermore, methods of propaganda, and of media in general, have changed as well, especially concerning gender roles. Significant time periods in which shifts of gender roles occurred were the Industrial Revolution, World War I, World War II, and as well as the introduction of Film Industry, which all included adaptations in their media to either cause a change of gender roles, or to adapt to one.
Gregory writes out how the teacher shows a flippant tone, because the way she treats the young boy without respect, even though she is much older than him, she doesn’t act like a teacher, “I guess she couldn’t see a kid who made noises because he wanted someone to know he was there.” Gregory would do everything in his power to get even the slightest bit attention, even if he had to act Facetious. Adding bits and pieces of inappropriate humor here and there. But, then when it was time for the Community Chest, he wanted to impress Helen Tucker and hopefully a good majority of the kids that he could pay more, but the teacher didn’t bother to call on him so, “I stood up and raised my hand. “What is it now?” “You forgot me?” She turned toward the blackboard. “I don’t have time to be playing with you, Richard.” The way the teacher is acting is like she doesn’t have much respect for the kid, she was
This is to show why in modern America, media and commercial art have achieved a strong consensus on their portrayal of the working class. In our modern society, for better or worse, television has become an integral part of American life. Unfortunately, rapid improvement in technologies have altered the social behaviors and chipped away many valuable practices and values as a human being. Rapidly changing social behaviors with materialism have influenced misconception about working-class people and often, they are portrayed as status that is not socially acceptable. In modern culture, it is almost seem as if the media dictates how our lives should be, and how each individual will be defined; based on their social status and the level of their earthly possessions.
The representation of gender in mass communications has been a hugely debated topic for years and will continue to be one for many more years to come. The media plays a big role in how they want to portray a gender to the public. They create certain stereotypes through the role of a gender in order to attract a large audience and interest to sell a product, brand or image. Media is so important in today’s society, people spend hours and hours each day watching TV, browsing the Internet and reading magazines. There are so many images of men and women in the media today that it certainly has an impact on the viewer’s thoughts and sense of identity.
The producer of the films, Jack Hays, was very strict with the children who played the part. They did not have enough money to waste time . It was said that Hays would make the kids who were not cooperating go into a locked, windowless sound box and sit on a block of ice. Even Shirley had to go in the box a couple of times, but she learned quickly. This is probably where Shirley gets her work ethic from.
This war was the beginning of it all, it created the United States, and it unified us as a country. Before the American Revolution, we were under strict British control. Yes, we had right, but they had to be granted to us. But that would all change post-war. Also the war inspired others, it changed the life’s of women, and it gave some power to more ordinary people, not just the elites and changed more of the social aspects of society.
In to Kill a mockingbird Harper Lee has various examples of gender roles Indicating what a boy has to be like. These gender roles were especially projected in the 1930’s -50’s. During this time in history, the roles in girls and boys were very traditional. An example is when Francis tells Scout his Grandma is going to teach him how to cook yet Scout makes fun of him. This shows that boys cooking is not commonly seen and how this falls out of the certain restriction applied to being a boy.
7. Who has a harder role in life, male or females? American Socialization Despite our physical appearance and cultural values, there are other aspects of our lives that can pattern an individual’s lifestyle based on their gender. There has always been a significant difference between men and women. Due to our human anatomy we are expected to follow particular rules and behaviors that determine our social acceptance. I believe that most of us have been influenced since a very young age by the