White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack”, she notes that the whites in America are taught not to recognize their white privilege as males are taught not to recognize male privilege. Whites were also taught to see racism as something that puts people at a disadvantage rather than something that puts people at an advantage as well. Therefore, McIntosh decides to unpack her invisible knapsack and list 46 privileges she was granted because of her skin color. In Audre Lorde’s essay, she argues that feminists must critically examine their own use of dominant concepts. She also mentions that academic knowledge is based on an institution that has excluded people of colour.
Spencer’s adaptation of Darwin’s theory meant that the superior races would continue to evolve and adapt to their environment in order to survive and that the inferior races would just die out and become extinct, this theory was referred to as “Survival of the fittest”. This created a hierarchy of races, which categorized various races in ascending order of their development; ultimately the Europeans were ranked in the highest category based on Europe’s superior industrialization whereas the native people were placed at the bottom due to their lack of industrialization and technological development as well as their lack of religion and belief in a higher power were thus considered equal to animals. Thus Social Darwinism contributed to the development of racial attitudes of white imperialists as the fact that the indigenous people were considered equal to animals put ease to the conscious of the imperialists who were killing and assaulting the native people as well as the theory that the Europeans being the most superior race increased the confidence of the imperialists which allowed them to invade and colonize more nations without
In the same sense, it is seen as morally incorrect for him to have any common knowledge equivalent to a white person. Society values depriving one of their human qualities such as intelligence and since Jim differs in race, it is seen as okay. Moreover, often highlighted in the values of this society is
A woman’s power in colonial Virginia depended entirely upon her race. White women in the colony were the most influential women in Virginia playing key roles in defining gender roles, tying wealth and society together, as well as contributing to the behaviors of elites. Free and enslaved Black women held the least power, they
The pluralists hoped for an integrated society wherein all races could live in harmony, whereas the nationalists felt that whites and blacks could not co-exist without the whites oppressing the blacks. Hence, they believed the development of a separate society for blacks was essential either in Africa or a separate nation in the
The prejudices made by the Europeans are evident throughout Conrad’s novel, however, two books have counteracted that idea and tried to prove the well developed society that exists all over Africa. Cry, the Beloved Country, by Alan Paton and Things Fall Apart, by Chinua Achebe, both focus on debunking the stereotypes of Africa. Paton and Achebe both explore the concept that Africa does have culture but are slowly losing it due to the settlement of whites. However, Paton implements the idea of white savior complex which is the idea that only whites can help the blacks regain establishment. As Conrad creates the atmosphere that Africa is seen as limited, in contrast, Paton and Achebe criticize it by... Joseph Conrad primarily perceives the westerners’ attitudes towards Africans similarly like most Europeans who believe they are higher and more developed.
Slavery existed in Western Europe and in Africa, however, it was fundamentally different from the Americas, as it was not centered around the color of one’s skin and how one looked. The colonization of the New World was built upon the principles of European financial and cultural hegemony over the rest of the world; African enslavement was a necessity that would allow this grand plan to reach fruition. While the act of slavery itself is inhumane, racial slavery is truly wretched and devalued human life to such an extent that millions needlessly died in the European pursuit of wealth and power. Europeans simply categorized everyone in West Africa as the same, to justify slave trade, ignoring culture, customs, and differences between tribes. Even though, Africa was already developed, Europeans lied about them as savage backwards people when such a reality did not exist, “In complexity and prosperity, many African societies compared with those of Europe and Central America” (Clark, pg.
30-31) The white government took things further by being able to oppress and control the mind of the black race by completely eliminating any spark of contentment they had left such as spiritual expression. Black people were forced to adapt to the culture and religious teachings of the white man as they were deprived from their own traditional beliefs and cultural practices. “No longer was reference made to African culture, it became barbarism. Religious practices and customs were referred to as superstition. No wonder the African child learns to hate his heritage in his days at school.
‘‘The country was shifting from post-apartheid system to a new democratic system as unity replacing segregation, equality replacing racism and democracy replaced apartheid’’. (Brown Harris: 169). This essay argues that liberation struggle in South Africa did little if any to change the mind-sets of majority of the black South Africans; there is existence of xenophobia, poor quality education. “Xenophobia is defined as a strong dislike of foreigners” by (south African oxford school dictionary,1994).black south Africans demanded to be treated fairly, equally and their human rights taken into consideration, nonetheless dislike other black African’s due to the reason blamed of committing crime, rise in drug abuse, unemployment, spreading diseases and being in a country illegally. They still have mentality of solving problems with violence as for an example foreigners being tortured, stabbed and neck laced with a burning
The meanings and values of the cultural society are internalised.The ideology of motherhood differs according to the socio-cultural context, ethnicity, and class. Motherhood has connotations of respect and power. Real-life mothers are respected to a very limited extent, and that respect is usually for mothers of sons.Makinde’s. (2006:61).Motherhood is only defining aspects of womanhood in African societies, it is true as it is acknowledged and practiced in Africa by religious traditions and local ore and it is coloured with examples of self-sacrifice in the name of motherhood. The idea of self-sacrifice highlights the importance of motherhood in African society in some quarters is seen as scared and powerful spiritual path for a woman to take.