In the journal article “Rewriting The Odyssey in the Twenty-First Century”. The idea of Penelope taking control into her own hands, in a time when women did not stand up for themselves but rather were emotionally constricted is shown. Penelope’s demeanor is of a woman that does not let society rule what she can or cannot do, and because of this thinking she is able to have an advantage over other women and of men who are the ones in charge of any decision-making (Suzuki). Penelope is the second female character that is not a god that is able to maintain authority of her own in The Odyssey. This is ultimately Homer’s way of expressing his views towards the male societies of his time and their
In this type of society, men will always be superior to women. The difference in treatment of females and males shows a double standard in the society. Double standards were used for everything, not just lying, and this is what held women back from being able to grow and change the overall plot for The Odyssey. If this patriarchy did not exist, we could have seen Penelope as a strong, independent woman. She could have remarried or simply ruled Ithaca instead of waiting for the return of her husband.
The Greek Gods: Tyranny in Exchange for Power Throughout the evolution of society, one idea has stayed the same. That is the belief that we need to consistently be the best and the most powerful. We use this as a measure of self-worth and the foundation of the social hierarchy. The hierarchical nature of society drives this motivation of people to do everything it takes to reach the top. Our commitment can be so incredibly devout that we lose more than we gain on the search for this sense of power.
Almost all the conflicts, clashes, confrontations are with women, which are loaded with tension and worry. This makes the female gender crucial. This epic provided some light on the culture of Sumeria. The story gave some facts. However, the epic could not be true in general, but had some degree of honesty.
Women are treated as inferior being and used by men as sex objects. Wollstonecraft believed that the quality of mind of women is the same with that of men, and therefore women should not be denied a chance for formal education that will empower them to be equal with men. In the book of Wife of Bath’s Tale, Geoffrey Chaucer shows the role of a woman being weak creatures while men are economically powerful and educated. Women are seen as inheritor of eve and thus causes
The Anglo-Saxon society and our modern society, although thousands of years apart these two periods have characteristics in areas that are alike and different in more ways than one. Let us talk about the values and the code of conduct of these two societies. First of all, during the Anglo-Saxon period, fighting is the main solution for them to solve problems and with fighting comes power. Power, power over people, power over land, power over resource and treasures. To them, power is everything and for one person to attain so much power, one must become a hero and perform heroic deeds.
The ancient Greek world did not have a single, unified culture but rather a collection of different ones within the various poleis or ‘city states’. Two poleis whose cultures greatly varied were Athens and Sparta and this is reflected by the lives of women in these cultures who were influenced by them in different ways. As a result of this, there are many ways in which Spartan women were different from their Athenian counterparts. The main differences between Spartan and Athenian women stem from the fact that Athens was largely more conservative which, in turn, led to women playing a more traditional role. The type of education that Spartan women received made them different to their Athenian counterparts.
In many societies today, individuals are led to believe that the concept of women possessing their own strength or independence is abnormal. As a result, women experience the world in a constrained way in comparison to men, even if they are in higher classes of society. However, these extensive aspects of females are contradicted in some ancient Greek literature. In the epic poem, The Odyssey, Homer portrays women as a vital and powerful force through the characters Penelope and Circe, who counter the normality of misogyny in Homer’s time. Penelope’s character displays how some women are able to exceed society’s standards and show strength and cleverness when it is necessary.
Gender role is basically an arrangement of societal standards directing what sorts of practices are by and large viewed as satisfactory, suitable or alluring for a man in view of their real or actual sex. In this paper I will focus on the gender roles with reference to the mini-epic” the tain” This piece of Irish literature presents a very good distinction between the old period and the medieval time period. Formerly, men were the protagonists, leaders or the saviors in the literature. A man had to go to the wars and fights, to preserve the territory and honor (women) was their duty. These were the roles suggested to them by their society.
Role of Women in Ancient Empires Throughout the modern world, we mention the concept of equality between men and women and try to equalize their positions in society. It is illogical for women to ask and try to prove that they are equal with men because equality is something that are already given to humanity, but contradicting the role of women by men is what created the gap between them. By looking at history, we can say that accomplishing that goal of making their position equal is not easy. Whenever we start reading a historical context or myth, it is obvious that the role of women is not considered as important compared to men, and women won glory that time when they are mentioned in the arguments the least. If there are women that are mentioned as protagonist, the women usually are described because of their 'outrageous behavior '.
Marlina (2015) discussed about patterning the quests of the heroes in question using Campbell’s Hero’s Journey. The author tries to demonstrate that the chosen female heroes for this research: Psyche, Artemis and Katniss, qualify as male heroes. According to traditional beliefs, differences between male and female behavior are genetically or biologically determined. However, recent research has discovered that these differences are actually based on the gender concept or socially constructed. Miller (2012) mentioned that gender is ‘the changeable roles, activities, behaviors, and personality features that a society views’ and is an ideal standard for men and women.
While the women in the Epic of Gilgamesh may not be the primary focus of the epic, which instead recounts more of Gilgamesh’s own trials and travails, they still play quite vital roles in their interactions with both Enkidu and Gilgamesh. Women such as Shamhat, Ninsun, and Ishtar in The Epic of Gilgamesh are often portrayed with a particular emphasis on their intrinsic connections to civilization—and in the case of Shamhat and Ninsun, in terms of their motherly characteristics as well—which serves as their primary influence over men. When taken into account with Gilgamesh’s overarching quest for immortality, this inherent connection that women have to civilization, and particularly so through their roles as mothers of not just a single character,
I personally believe that she had some evidence and her argument really made me think twice o and made me think why women are judged so much and she was also definitely true in her argument. But, then there can also be raised a point that she judged the whole society by a women’s perspective and by interpreting few ladies at a conference. I think she did not write about the opposition and about men’s perspective. Time has changed now and men are also judged on their appearance and they reflect their personality, occupancy and different things. I could say that her argument definitely had a point on women but I believe that times have changed a lot these
Along with the belief that women played a secondary role to men in Greek society, the female characters displayed certain traits that could not be shown by the men. In addition, the male characters play the most significant roles in this poem, but without the support of the females in "The Odyssey", Odysseus would not have made it through his journey. The author depicts women as strong subjects, they are real substantive characters. Most women in this poem are treated with the respect and seriousness they deserve. Despite traditions of ancient society, the author characterizes the women as the real counterparts of men, they have real feelings, real plans and are able to accomplish men on their own.