Masculinity In Adolescents

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culturally prescribed behaviour for females and males in different countries around the world (Klein 2004). On the social roles view, women have less power and status than men and have control over fewer resources. The social cognitive theory of gender emphasizes that adolescents’ gender development is influenced by their observation and imitation of others gender behaviour, as well as by reward and punishments of gender-appropriate and gender inappropriate behaviour. Parents and siblings influence adolescents’ gender roles. Peers are especially adept at rewarding gender appropriate academic behaviour. Gender has significant influence on academic achievement of secondary school adolescent students. Tautnar (2004) showed that males out performed…show more content…
Literature on academic achievement behaviour seems to show that parents’ level of education is important in predicting adolescents’ academic achievement behaviour (Brooks-Gunn 2004). Father’s occupation; social status and life style have considerable influence on the level of difficulty or otherwise with which adolescent students can gain recognition in the school in particular and the society at large. The understanding to a large extent is that parents’ social status may determine the influence of home in the adolescent up-bringing and by extension social acceptability. According to Ovute (2009) academic achievement behaviour is extremely essential at the upper socio-economic level and relatively less essential at the lower level. Okenyi & Enyi (20015) pointed out that children or adolescent students from upper and middle socio- economic background achieve academically higher than adolescent students of low socio-economic background and this according to them is due to inequality in the access to resources among the rich, middle and poor children. They observed that the fathers of adolescents who are high achievers belong more to the higher socio-economic background, that is, those with a high ranking occupation, better education and reasonable income than the fathers of the low…show more content…
The purpose of the study is to determine:- (a) The extent of relationship between socio-economic status and academic achievement behaviour of adolescent students in secondary schools in Enugu State of Nigeria. (b) The extent of relationship between gender and academic achievement behaviour of adolescent students in secondary schools in Enugu State of Nigeria. 2.1 Area of the Study This study is limited only to all adolescent students in secondary schools in Enugu State of Nigeria. Enugu state is located at the south-eastern part of Nigeria.The city of Enugu is 595 Km from Abuja, and 526Km from Lagos. It is made up of 17 local government areas, 119 secondary schools spread out in 6 Educational zones of the state. 2.2Research Hypotheses (a) There is no significant relationship between socioeconomic status and academic achievement behaviour of adolescent students in secondary schools in Enugu State. (b) There is no significant relationship between gender and academic achievement behaviour of adolescent students in secondary schools in Enugu State. 3.0 Design of the

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