The study used tachistoscope. Response latency to each yes or no question was recorded. Then the participants were unexpectedly given a recognition test. The test involved 180 words of which had 60 original words and 120 distractors. The participants were asked to recall the 60 original words from that list.
Participants A total of 30 healthy female undergraduate students in the age range 20 to 26 years, from International Islamic University Malaysia were recruited in this experiment. The mean age of participants were (M= 22.33, SD= 1.12). The sampling method used was purposive sampling. All participants were selected based on their handedness (right-handed) and score moderate and high in verbal fluency test. The students were asked to answer two test (Verbal Fluency Test and Emotional Intelligence Test) before they participated in the experiment in order to avoid the confounding variable such as language proficiency and emotional intelligence.
It consisted of 50 items (see Appendix 3) which was validated by experts in the terms of its content and construct. It also was tried out to the students in the field test to know its correlation with standardized test (i.e. Independent Reading Inventory developed by Merrit William Stark Jr.,
Speech perception measures: Picture Speech Identification Test for children in Tamil developed by Boominathan & Yathiraj (2009) was administered. The test contains 50 phonetically balanced words represented as pictures in closed-set format (4 pictures in each sheet). The test involved two clinicians with one presenting the stimuli and the other documenting the child’s responses. Familiarity testing was carried out prior to the actual test procedure. The words were presented through loudspeakers in live voice at conversational level (55 dBHL) and the child was asked to point to the target words presented.
For the present study 50 players were selected from various college players of Aurangabad. The effective sample consisted of 50 subjects. The age range of subjects where 18 to 22 years. Aggression scale (AS) developed and standardized by Dr. G.C. Pati (1976) was used and the test consisted of 16 Items.
For the purpose of this research, competency refers to the combination of speaking task that able to use correct grammar to orally communicate with people in English language. 11.5 Practice Practice is the actual application or use of an idea, method or belief with the theories relating to it. In this study, practice is a way influenced by teacher’s exposure to certain knowledge or theory and being used in
Specifically Jahan, et al conducted a study about The Effects of Planning on Writing Narrative Task Performance with Low and High EFL Proficiency, however this study would explain more extent about the impact of planned and unplanned situations in two different English proficiencies. The result revealed that, planned situations (PTP) is more beneficial for low proficiency learners to enhance their concept load, fluency and complexity through writing a narrative than in unplanned level (OLP). It is because of when low proficiency respondents’ were asked to planning before starting to write a narrative task, they tend to concern in meaning and form rather than the grammatical aspects or
The author elucidates that Romaji compliments, rather than replaces, existing orthography. However, in the current system of Education, the learning of Romaji, with its transparent phonetics, causes serious confusion to some Japanese learning EFL. The author discusses the history and importance of the various styles and their place in society, which explains why some ‘English’ words, particularly in Japanese advertising, seem ludicrous. It also explains why the same names can be written with different spelling. This issue is important as it influences students’ understanding of English letter sounds and combinations.
• Have pairs of students work together for approximately 20-25 minutes to reconstruct the dictogloss, reminding students that they should try to write their text so that it will be as close to the original as possible in grammar and content. • Select at least one student example and use it to engage in whole-class discussion with particular focus on the grammatical form emphasized. The students’ reconstructed texts should be compared with the original dictogloss. c. Advantages According to Wulandari (2011:12), Dictogloss technique has many advantages and implicit goals. The listening activity can build the students’ motivation to study by cooperative activity.
Hence, the respondents are expected to be collaborative and veracious while answering the questionnaire that the researcher prepared, for efficient and precise results. Method Participants The study involved fifty (50) third year students from Centro Escolar University who are all female and draw their eyebrows regularly. Materials In this study, the respondents were given Eyebrow–Self-Esteem Test which consisted of two parts. First, the questionnaire to the Eyebrow Cosmetics Test of the respondents which was an eight (8) item tests. The daily application of eyebrow drawing was determined afterwards.