A stereotype is a trait, characteristics, motion, even belief that one has or believes about a person of a given demographic group which is then widespread to the whole group. According to Thomas CW (2014). Individuals stereotype one another for any number of reasons including ignorance, bias, prejudice, etc. However, many people stereotype because the world in which we live is so large and complex that it is difficult to comprehend. Therefore, stereotyping provides a means to group and attempt to manage fields of data which are overwhelming.
These instruments that are socially associated with male and female are often constructed by parents, teachers and the media. This is viewed as huge contributor to reducing musical opportunities of both sexes. Other gender issues that arise in United Sates music include the different gender roles observed in music videos and lyrics of the songs. In todays United States society issues of gender decency echo across the music industry. Women artist and dance performers are criticized for their provocative dance and outfits.
However, England (2010) suggests that, even though major modifications have been made into the gender system, unfair changes within the gender system still affect many groups (p. 149). Gender issues such as discrimination and stereotyping is still present in the society. Workplace is an environment where discrimination is feasible and noticeable (S. Sharma & M. Sharma, 2012, p.20). Zeher (2011) defines gender discrimination as an amalgam of ideas, notions and structural policies that affects men and women and choices to apply or uphold these ideas in workplaces by gender (pp.783-784). Discrimination in hiring, distinction between salary and wages, unequal promotions and injustice in providing different
Sexism Behind the Scenes and On the Screens Sexism is one of the biggest problems that the nation faces to this day. Sexism is weaved into society in numerous ways, from gender roles to the glass ceiling. The media is one of the largest influences on society and how people perceive societal values and is also one of the factors that distributes sexism into society. In specifics, the film industry and the portrayal of both men and women significantly impacts the way men and women believe they are meant to act and contribute to society. In the industry, sexism ranges from discrimination behind the scenes to the portrayal of women on the screens.
This is inimical to the society because the media is creating social stereotypes for both men and women that can result in deleterious social, psychological and physical habits. A gender role can be defined as individual roles that a male and female is supposed to be performing in terms of attitude, belief, behavioral and ethical aspects in a specific cultural environment. (Frendo, 2013) This is the belief about roles and traits linked with sex, psychology and physical attributes. These roles are in fact assigned by the society which is the preeminent reason for the referred stereotypes. (Frendo, 2013) What the advertisement industry is doing is, they are portraying the roles in such a manner that is a contributing factor in terms of strengthening these stereotypical practices.
e. While there is steel many challenges about the reproductive health. New advances in technology and science as well as the expanding trend of mobile phone usage, could play a crucial role in decreasing maternal and child mortality (Nyamawe & Seif, 2014). f. ICT advances have provided a ground for increasing the education. Women are usually more illiterate than men and advances in technology can provide tools for women. One of the good examples in this area is the Gobi Radio Literacy program of UNESCO which enabled 15000 women to read and write (Meleisea, 2006, p.
Overall, many movies and TV shows reinforce gender stereotypes created by the media. The show that will be the main focus is 90210. It sets specific gender roles for males and females which are only followed by that gender. The typical gender stereotypes are showing how men and women are supposed to look, behave, act and what they’re supposed to be interested in. According to Social Psych Online, “Women are more likely to be sexualized than men; they are more likely to wear seductive clothing, they are often more attractive than the men in the advertisement”, this also applies to 90210.
The theory known as the ‘glass ceiling’ is defined as “artificial barriers” based on attitudinal or organisational bias that prevent qualified individuals from advancing to positions of higher power which offers; Higher pay checks, more power and more authority. It has been known that women experience significant levels of frustration at every stage due to the barriers of progression even though the promotional roles are within sight and ability. Flanders suggests the barrier of the glass ceiling exists and is exerted upon women is because of societies attitude and prejudice towards women. Also the preconceived idea that managerial positions in a workplace are all male
Not only an individual’s way of thinking but also his way of living is affected by these stereotypical portrayals shown in the media. Media holds enough power to manipulate a person and his views. Media is the primary source in promoting gender stereotyping, as it differentiates between the two genders, depicting women more as an object, something that has no value. Various studies highlight that women are mostly portrayed in a negative way in the media, with shows that are heavily discriminated and gender biased, where women are shown as not only sex objects but also as the home makers whose sole purpose in life is to seek attention from their husbands and stay indoors within the four walls. The objectification of women is done so often and has grown over the years in the popular media, with
We distributed the survey to young women attending Howard University, Cathy Hughes School of Communications. At the beginning of our survey, we asked several demographic question to ensure that we were capturing data from our target public. We asked the participants for their sex, concertation and classification. Following the demographic section, we asked seven questions to help us understand how our key public feels about professional organizations. Our rationale for our questions developed from secondary research and we relied heavily on Buzz Marketing Group 2015 Millennials Professional Organization