Alice Walker 's The Color Purple deals with the notion of sexism, racism and gender discrimination and their negative psychological effects on women 's mind. In this novel, Walker criticizes all kinds of discriminations. The characters, especially the main female characters: Celie, Shug Avery, Sofia, and Squeak, do not have stable identity, but their identity is fluid and dependent on their own language and desires and other characters speech and emotions. The characters are under the influence of their own thoughts and emotions; moreover, other characters’ desires and speech influence them too. Besides, the epistolary style of the novel helps the reader to comprehend the main characters fluid subjectivity.
In her images, she expresses her thoughts on the representation that black woman has in our culture she also points out that because of our society black women aren 't able to embrace themselves as who they are because they are influenced by other cultures. Simpson portrays empowerment gender, identity, and culture in her images despite the oppression of racist culture impacts black women 's body and identity. Five-day forecast by Lorna Simpson incorporates five large boxes with days of the week Monday through Friday. It 's a way of expressing misconceptions as a black woman. In her image “five-day forecast” she has two words in each day such as; misdescription, misidentifies and mistranslate.
Lenina Crowne has been driven in many ways to rebel against her society’s beliefs and values, threatening the community, identity and stability of the World State. Inconsistency and orthodox are presumably evident in her character in the novel as she portrays as a rebellion against the assigned caste colours, a rebellion against the conditioning for recreational sex and as she portrays the potential to see past the conditioning in the
Alice Walker, in fact, uses the imagery of the quilt to suggest what womanism is all about. Dee approaches culture by decontextualising it, while Maggie and Mama relate to it with a kind of ‘organic criticality’. The former stance is mere rhetoric and the later one is womanist. In one of her interviews, Alice Walker identifies three cycles of Black Woman she would explore in her woman’s writing: 1. First are those “who were cruelly exploited, spirits and bodies mutilated, relegated to the narrowest and confining lives, sometimes driven to madness”.
Many critics, including A.M. Roberts and Haydar Ali, have expressed their discontent regarding the sexism in Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad. Feminist writer Simone the Beauvoir explains her theory on the social stance of women in her book The Second Sex. In the chapter Myth and Reality this theory can be applied to several women described in “Heart of Darkness”. Both the intended and the African mistress of Kurtz are examples of a false sense of ‘mystery’ which places them in a separate group in society that de Beauvoir describes in The Second Sex. The most prominent point of The Second Sex is to illustrate how women are segregated from society by men, something which happens a lot in Heart of Darkness.
To be specific, she situates the imminent feminist struggle by highlighting the legacy of slavery among black people, and black women in particular. “Black women bore the terrible burden of equality in oppression” (Davis). Due to her race, her writing focuses on what she understood and ideas that are relevant to black females. Conversely, since white men used black women in domestic labor and forcefully rape these individuals. These men used this powerful weapon to remind black women of their female and vulnerability.
Celie succeeds in her quest for identity and history by developing an understanding of her roots and heritage and acquiring the awareness that she has a right to happiness, passion, creativity and emotional fulfilment. To exercise her rights as an individual, Celie learns to resist the advances of black men who hinder her self- fulfilment. Alice Walker has been vehemently criticized within the African- American community for her portrayal of black men as abusers and rapists. Like her literary predecessor, Zora Neale Hurston, who was criticized during the Harlem Renaissance for her feminist writing, Alice Walker has withstood the criticism. She has held on her convictions and continued to be a spokesman for the cause of the oppressed black woman.
‘The Colour Purple’, published in 1982, was written by Alice Walker and demonstrates the brutal treatment of black women within the early 20th century. During this time, there was much oppression, particularly for black women. They were mistreated purely because of their colour and gender. The form and content of the novel can be viewed as a slave narrative that reflects the struggle for one woman’s independence. Female independence and freedom from the patriarchal society are topics that many feminist literary theorists tend to explore, particularly those that belonged to the third wave of feminist writing.
– and the female characters as male – Desdemona, Emilia, and Bianca. We are aware that this is a rather radical change to the original play. We want to vigorously explore gender norms in our society and how women and men can or can’t play the same roles. We think it will show in harsh perspective how men can get away with emotional acts of rage or passion that women never could, and how women can get away with cleverness and manipulation in a way our society doesn’t associate with men. We want to portray Othello as a young black woman coming from a tough childhood.
Discursive Weaknesses in Anzaldua’s Borderland/La Frontera In Anzaldua’s Borderland/La Frontera, she emphasizes on the need to recreate identity and a sense of radicalism in Chicanas (Mexican American) women. This sociopolitical movement was sparked due to the injustices that Chicanas among (others especially) people of different race, gender and class, who have been oppressed by the forces of racism, imperialism and sexism. However, Anzaldua’s feeble attempts to involve male participation in this movement have provided various shortcomings in her novel. This reveals her presumptuous prediction that the reign of male domination is at its end, expecting men to scoot aside allowing women to ultimately rule. Masculinity in Borderlands/ La Frontera serves as the precepts of discussion as it relates to male participation in re-writing religious history, formulating the identity of the new Mestiza, advancing the feminist movement and negating the power structure that emanate power to males in society.
The civil rights movement represented an era of conflict for Black men as some sought to distinguish themselves as protectors and defy the “demonization of Black masculinity” (Estes, 2005, p.66). Mr. Estes argues that it was defense of the overt racism men experienced which led them to use “masculinist strategies of racial uplift” to gain political and social power (Estes, 2005, p. 7). The author uses a variety of other works to support this analysis of dynamics of race, masculinity and power. However, in referencing newspaper articles, the author admits that these tactics effectively shifted the conversation of the female involvement in civil rights activities and addresses how the bias