The concept of hegemonic masculinity has also been related to ambition, strength and self reliance amongst men which is not encouraged amongst women. Hegemonic masculinity also tries to promote a certain kind of body regime for men which endorse highly muscled and tough bodies (Buchbinder, 2012). There are other scholars who have tried to unpack the concept of hegemonic masculinity. Kimmel & Amy (2008) view hegemonic masculinity as a collective of some specific characteristics possessed by a man. The one who does not have it is considered unworthy or inferior.
Other academics defend that all men lose their masculine hegemonic status when they grow old (Meadows and Davidson 296). Kampf, Marshall and Petersen also hold the same opinion. They claim that hegemonic masculinity is found in those men whose bodies are svelte, robust and youthful. Therefore, they believe that, “if these embodied qualities of youth are viewed as ‘essentially masculine’ then aging and old age are the negation of that ideal, threatening men as they age with the obvious failure of matching up to such representations of maleness”
Manhood is also accomplished through the subordination of women and through culture. Additionally, masculinity intersects with other factors including sexuality, race, and class, which leads to multiple forms of masculinity. The dominant form of masculinity is hegemonic masculinity through which privileged males have dominated women and other men. Accomplishing this form of masculinity is near impossible for minority men, which leads them to engage in compensatory masculinities. Street life-oriented young men are likely to engage in less superior forms of masculinity consisting of working-class masculinity, hypermasculinity, and street masculinity.
I never would have thought that there are boundaries when it comes to masculinity and femininity. I now understand why females do not play football and I also understand why males do not dance or do any feminine sport. The girl who joined the football team stepped out her feminine boundaries and tried to join in on the masculinity. The PE class was an example of how boys and girls act, meaning that boys want to be masculine and do masculine things, while females want to be feminine and do feminine things. I agree with Jones, Murrell, and Jackson’s (1999) three categories classifications for male, female, and neutral sports because it easily helps me identify the appropriate sport for each gender.
Within modern day society males and females are given the same educational opportunities, the way in which these opportunities are taken is what determines how males and females ought to be treated and thought of by society. Throughout the last century, there has been the identification of superior intellectual levels between males and females, these levels of intelligence are connected to prestige, gender identification and academic success. In “Mind Over Muscle” by David Brooks, the age of information has incorporated the intellectual difference between the sexes by displaying women as more academically efficient than their male counterpart. Throughout history women have been view by society, well by men, as incompetent, uneducated individuals
Moreover, this is detectable in many, or maybe all languages today and in past ages. Hence, regarding the usage and etymology of masculine, it is clear that it is deeply connected to the concept of gender (Martin and Finn 1). Furthermore, masculinity comprises languages, behaviors, and practices that exist in certain organizational and cultural locations, which are normally identified with males. Therefore, masculinity exists as a positive, “in as much as they offer some means of identity signification for males,” as well as a negative, “in as much as they are not the ‘Other’ (Feminine)” (Itulua-Abumere 42). According to Prof. Clatterbaugh and Dr. Whitehead, male behaviors and masculinity are not just a simple product of biological predispositions or genetic coding.
For many men, traditional masculinity does not serve them well in the job market. More and more are pursuing jobs that are considered feminine like nursing or preschool teaching they also more often criticize the restrictive aspects of the traditional male gender role. In recent years
Masculinity has been a heated debated topic over the past years. Not just america or europe, but our whole society. Men tend to think that entering manhood is a good thing, but most don’t know it can be just as detrimental to our society. Men have certain characteristic when it concerns to masculinity and when doing so it can have a range of effects. So, how do men identify themselves masculine and how do they define themselves that way?
Notions of masculinity and femininity have remained constant when it comes to culture and tradition. In many cultures, there are very specific ideas about what is masculine and feminine. And in these cultures, when these standards are not met, individuals can be humiliated and excluded. For instance, in the Mexican culture there are certain expectations for women such as cooking well and cleaning and for men they have to be tough and the ones who
For example, Ruben, is a male that does not follow the masculine code that men are suppose to follow. In fact, he possesses feminine qualities such as putting on makeup, dresses, and a wig. He even tries to give Julia advice on how to be a beautiful woman, such as when he tells her to put on certain make up. This questiond the gender convetions because it shows that men do not have to follow a masculine code that is forced upon them. The masculine and feminie qualities should apply to both men and women.