In addition, the “family resemblance” stabilizes both concepts enough to accommodate the variations and overlapping idealized features such that the author concluded that the prototype theory can capture the fluidity of gender and thus is able to explain why transgender and queer identities are now incorporated in the concept of gender. Needless to say, that the theory can explain a number of observations both within the field of cognitive linguistics and by extension other fields of psychology as it pertains to defining concepts and categorizing information within a
Two cognitive approaches to gender typing have looked at when children acquire different types of gender information and how such information modifies their gender-role activities and behaviors. Kohl berg's three-stage cognitive developmental theory of gender typing suggests that children begin by categorizing themselves as male or females, and then feel rewarded by behaving in gender-consistent ways. To do this, they must develop gender identity, gender stability, and gender constancy. Gender-Schema Theory: An Information-Processing Approach Gender schema theory suggests that children develop naive mental schema that help them organize their experiences in such a way that they will know what to attend to and how to interpret new information. According to this theory, we should expect individual differences in how gender-schematic children will be.
Psychological theory of gender identity reveals a new postmodern problematic issue related to gender identity: gender identity as a personal feeling, can be changed, transformed and masqueraded. Thus, it is not an assigned part of humans, but a changeable
Gender is not associated with one’s physical constructive, then again, it is far more confounding. It is characterised as “the complex interrelationship between an individual’s sex (gender biology) and one’s internal sense of self as male, female, both or neither (gender identity) as well as one’s outward presentations and behaviour (gender expression), related to that perception, including their gender roles.” Freud pointed out that when we meet a person, the first thing that we notice and establish is that person’s gender. Most of the times, if we are not able to place or establish a person’s gender, it will cause inconvenience to us. Perhaps, this ‘establishment’ is interlinked with the way we behave with the person, which is explained by the gender system, predominant in one’s culture. A gender system incorporates “processes that define males and females as different in socially significant ways and justify inequality on the basis of that difference.” This gender system lays down the guidelines about what behaviour a particular society expects of males and females.
1. The theory of social construction of gender in sociology refers to the origin of gender differences between males and females. According to this, culture and society create gender roles, making those roles prescribed as appropriate or ideal behavior for an individual of that specific sex. Statistics show that individuals who expressed gender non-conformity or a transgender identity, while they were in school, reported an alarming rate of harassment at 78%. In addition, incidents of physical assault were at 35%, and individuals who were victims of sexual violence were 12%.
Our behaviour, choice of sport and clothing, the way we walk and talk is all predetermined by our gender. This essay will be discussing gender and how gender roles influence worldviews, as well as, the impact of worldviews on stereotypical gender roles. Within this essay will be an analogy taken from a sermon at a church, and the analogy is called ‘the blinkers’. Within that comes three things to help us understand why, in this context
These images and examples of self-reliance and success instilled in me, from a young age, the same values. Social learning theory helps to explain this critical experience. The theory posits that gender role behavior is learned through the child’s interactions with others in their environment. Within this socialization model, the child learns vicariously via observation and receives reinforcement or punishment according to subsequent behaviors. I observed the self-reliance, pursuit of achievement, and perseverance in my nuclear and extended family and I acted accordingly.
It provides an explanation about the distortion of memory and the fact that we store information in our brains, but it’s unclear and lacks explanation on how we do that. Therefore, the concept of schemas is sometimes considered vague due to the fact that it’s still unknown how schemas are acquired. In spite of all of these, schema theory is very useful because it helps us understand how our brain processes information and how we use our brains to make sense of the
Again, by living in a lie, one cannot have a real relationship with them self. In other words, lying to one's self through gender's prerequisites distorts one's true desires for satisfaction from themselves. In their article, "Doing Gender", authors Candace West and Don H. Zimerman discuss gender as a routine in everyday life, elaborating on the perspectives of sex, gender, and sex categories. They describe, "When we view gender as an accomplishment, an achieved property of situated conduct, our attention shifts from matters internal to the individual and focuses on interactional and, ultimately, institutional arenas." Focusing on conforming to gender removes any sense of self; this is because the beliefs adopted from gender were not conceived personally or with consideration to unorthodox beliefs; gender does not consider beliefs outside of a culture and its norms, only giving its participants the knowledge of their culture's gender.
These gender roles evolve from standards put in place by society. What do theorists say about socialization and gender in child development? One of the major theories that are beneficial in learning about gender role development is the Social Learning Theory. According to behaviorist, Bandura, children first learn gender roles by observing behaviors of an adult of the same sex, imitating said adult (Bandura, 1977). Then, the surrounding adult will respond either with positive or negative reinforcement (Bandura, 1977).