Finally, the micro-level “examines in greater detail the gender division of labour, resources and decision-making, particularly within the household” or individual level (ibid). The first body of literature relates to the levels of inequality in the workplace that provide different insights on the reasons for occurrence of the occupational gender segregation of work in all the three dimensions of inequality. At the macro-level it was highlighted in the report of the ILO on “Responding to Economic Crisis” that the “male-breadwinner, female-caregiver bias” was still a dominant societal thinking (Dejardin & Owens, 2009, p.5) that has spilled over to the world of work. It is reflected in most national policies implemented such as “inequitable access of women to social security entitlements” based on the assumption that women
On the other hand, it will be explored how the discourse on gender relies on social norms outside of the institutionalised settings, in correlation with everyday encounters. Thus, it should be explained how doing gender regulates individuals, and how the same individuals proliferate gendered labour market. The gender division of labour Doing gender is 'a complex of socially guided perceptual, interactional, and micropolitical activities ', legitimising assumptions under which our society operates; namely, the irreconcilable differences between masculine and feminine 'essential natures ' (West and Zimmerman, 1987, p. 126). As Kessler and McKenna (1978) observe, this process of manifesting and affirming one 's membership in a sex category is part of everyday encounters and social relations rather than a projection
Despite the fact, that Marxist criticism elaborates on the conflict of classes as the source of social stratification and can explain the gender gap in wages: this stratification of gender inequality can be explained by the prevalence and differentiation of culture (Rushwoy 2018; Cummings et al 2017). Through the anthropological analysis of domains of experience, social constructions, and agents of socialization depicts the social stratification of gender inequality in Canada originates from these social aspects of culture that people uphold in
OBJECTIVE In the light of above mentioned statement ‘This research paper studies linkages between Gender Inequality, economic web of gender occupational segregation and gender wage differentials and how they affect Women Development’ , the objectives of this research paper are highlighted as undermentioned : To Study the Implications of Gender Inequality with respect to Gender Occupational Segregation & Gender Pay Gap on Women Development. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY Research is the systematic investigation into and study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions. Research Methodology is a systematic layout used by researcher for conducting research . Research methods can encompass both qualitative and quantitative dimensions & research can be pure or applied and descriptive/ correlative / explanatory/ exploratory on the basis of application and objective
How does Adolf Loos objectify Josephine Baker in House for Josephine Baker? INTRODUCTION Gender, its roles and norms are a fundamental aspect of society and help to categorise our lives. Architecture serves as the setting our lives play out in and these two parts of our society affect each other implicitly. As feminist discourse has risen up in the late 19th century to now, more literature exploring the relationship between gender and architecture has been published. By analysing an architectural project, we discover the roles and stereotypes that appear in our society subliminally and how they play out in the buildings we inhabit.
Conflict theory has different assumptions about the family as an institution. The theory interprets the family as a system of power relations that reinforces and reflects the inequalities within society. Conflict theorists are particularly interested in how families are effected by class, race and gender inequality. Families are important in the maintenance of social inequalities because they are the vehicles through which property and social status is acquired (Eitzen and Bacca Zinn, 2004). Marx and Engels looked at the role of families in the social reproduction of inequality.
AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY ON GENDER AND ITS’ CULTURAL SIGNIFICANCE ACCORDING TO ANTHROPOLOGICAL STUDIES INTRODUCTION This bibliography aims to investigate the cultural significance of gender in anthropological terms, the definition of gender itself and the notion that gender plays a pivotal role in societal roles and norms. Rosman, Abraham, Paula G. Rubel, and Maxine Weisgrau. 2009. “Gender and Age” In The tapestry of culture: An introduction to cultural anthropology,141-160. Rowman Altamira.
III) Papers: Public Policy and Sex Discrimination in Employment in India, Author: P. Andiappan : He writes about the role that women play in any society and the various factors including the public policy. In this paper, the legal remedies for sex discrimination in employment in India are analyzed with a view to suggesting changes in the Public policy. The study also highlighted different cases involving sex discrimination under Article 16. It shows that the remedies are not used effectively. In short, the existing remedies for sex discrimination in employment in India are insufficient.
The Plays of Vijay Tendulkar: A Study Chapter III SOCIAL PLAYS Janardhanreddy. K Gender plays a vital role in the Post-Colonial Culture. It is based on sexual differences. It plays a distinct part in relation to identity and human relationship. In this present chapter, an attempt is trade to understand the crisis, conflict and the mutual alliance of the gender in the terrain of the nation state.