How does Adolf Loos objectify Josephine Baker in House for Josephine Baker? INTRODUCTION Gender, its roles and norms are a fundamental aspect of society and help to categorise our lives. Architecture serves as the setting our lives play out in and these two parts of our society affect each other implicitly. As feminist discourse has risen up in the late 19th century to now, more literature exploring the relationship between gender and architecture has been published. By analysing an architectural project, we discover the roles and stereotypes that appear in our society subliminally and how they play out in the buildings we inhabit.
Patriarchy is rooted in gender difference. Lerner (1986) relates gender issues to social construct and cultural behaviour as opposed to biological sexes in a given society. The author described gender as representation socio-cultural roles and is a cultural product which changes over time. Patriarchy might be a diminishing believes, but since it’s a deeply entrenched traditional norms, it will be a difficult challenge to eliminate globally (Warren, 2004; Roberts, 1983). Inhumanity and social studies patriarchy have been categorise at two levels, namely at gender level and latent levels.
The difference not biological but those that resulted from the unequal distribution of socially produced goods and services on the basis of position in global system, caste, class, race, ethnicity, religion, age and affectional preference. These factors interact with gender stratification. Hence several studies have come up with topic like “gender and race”, “gender and global location”, “gender and caste etc. These studies show an intricately inter-woven system of caste, class, race, gender and global expression and privileges. This oppressive system produces pathological attitude, actions and personalities such pathological personalities came up in new feminist movement.
Inequality is defined as,” an unfair situation in which some people have more rights or better opportunities than other people.” Inequality comes in many forms, of which include gender, race, status, religion, wealth and etc. This paper aims to analyze both the ideas of Virginia Woolf and Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and utilizing them to understand the origins of inequality and how it grew into dependency. First, a brief summary of the writer’s ideas will be given. Simultaneously, the paper will assess the strengths and weaknesses of each in terms of how they can help us understand inequality in contemporary Egypt and how to combat it. The paper will conclude with a comparison of which writer and how their ideas contribute to the understanding of inequality in the 21st centaury.
Queer theory was developed by Judith Butler in her post-modern feminist text, “Gender Trouble: feminism and the subversion of identity” (Horitar, 2015). She discussed the role that gender and sexual orientation play in the way in which society uses this concepts in order to place individuals in a specific category on the basis on how they behave (Guantlett, 1998; Horitar, 2015). This theory examines the diverse ways in which current beliefs serves to reintegrate societal anticipations of gender identity, appearance and sexuality, it also offers a negotiation for the fragmentation of constructed gender categories (Horitar, 2015). According to Western society, sex defines your particular gender (feminine or masculine) which in turn defines your true identity, for example a biological female is considered to be a women who is anticipated, by their society, to be more sensitive and nurturing than a man and who needs a sensual relationship with the opposite sex (Horitar, 2015). This notion was rejected by Butler because according to her gender should be regarded as a performance and not as a category (Guantlett, 1998; Horitar, 2015).
With The Yellow Wallpaper, the author attempts to demonstrate the importance of the feminist movement by showing the suffering women have to endure under the current gender roles. Gilman criticizes the rest cure and suppression of women with her story by demonstrating the consequences of a society in which men have all control. To better analyze this story the Gender Criticism theory can be applied. Gender Criticism is “an extension of feminist literary criticism http://2012books.lardbucket.org/books/creating-literary-analysis/s08-03-gender-criticism-and-queer-the.html” and according to Parkrose University is defined as “reinforcement or deconstruction of gender stereotypes in literature (Langdahl, 2014). In other words, this means that gender roles are either supported or attacked in a piece of literature.
The aim of this paper is to draw out the implications of liberal feminist framework for the analysis of education. Doing this paper will discuss its conceptual basis, its typical educational objectives, strategies for change and criticism of the approach. Feminist theoretical framework addresses the question of women’s subordination to men: how this arose, how and why it is perpetuated, how it might be changed and (sometimes) what life would be without it. Middle range theories may be less dramatic and consider particular aspect of gender relation and specific sectors of life such as education, the family or politics. Feminist theories serve a dual purpose, as guides to understanding gender inequality and as a guide to action.
Hamna Iqbal Baig Ms. Maria Kamal English Writing Skills November 26th, 2014 Outline Nature vs. Nurture Thesis statement: Nurture dominates nature in determining gender roles. Gender roles are socially constructed and are acquired through the process of socialization. . Nature is a key determinant of gender roles. Chromosomes make up, certain hormones and genitals account for the differences in sex.
This two examples are figures the unequal relationship between male and female. Social roles, which are socially constructed, and gender arranges people into a structure. The first thing before research to understand the view of Connell statement is about the difference between “gender” and “sex”. According to the lecture notes sex is a biological term and it is focus on the reproductive organs or genitals. “Gender” is an understanding of each social network of each individual that they are associating with.
Retrieved from www.simplypsychology.org/kohlberg.html Entry #2: Social Psychology - Gender Identity A – Overview of Concept Social psychology is a branch of psychology that studies individuals in the social context (Kong 1996). It deals with the origins and effects of social interactions, influences, and perceptions of an individual. Gender Identity, one concept of social psychology, refers to one’s sense of oneself as male, female or transgender (American Psychological Association, 2006). In other words, gender identity is how one categorizes the gender of which they perceive themselves to belong. Those who identify with the gender that corresponds with the sex assigned at birth (male or female) are referred to as cisgender while those who identify with the gender that is different from the sex assigned at birth are transgender (Boundless, 2016).
Conflict theory states that society works by upholding oppressive power structures. It is useful when studying the that way class and identity affects access to resources. Karl Marx founded the theory in the 1800s to describe the conflicts of classes within capitalism. “Not Your Incubator” can be used to illustrate feminism in the context of conflict theory. It relates how gender effects access to medical care and physical autonomy.
“Doing Gender” by West and Zimmerman is similar to Butler’s “Performative Acts and Gender Constitution.” However, West and Zimmerman build upon the ideas that Butler puts forth. Butler focuses on gender as performance and how gender is made up by specific actions. While West and Zimmerman take the concept of performance and constitution and applies it to a new concept, the sex category and how sex categories and gender are intertwined in society. Sex categories and gender, according to West and Zimmerman, are different and interconnected. “A sex category is achieved through application of the sex criteria, but in everyday life, categorization is established and sustained by the socially required identificatory displays that proclaim one’s membership