This distinction was first used to undermine the idea of "biology-as-destiny." But, if this distinction is pushed too far, then the idea of gender becomes disconnected from the body - and one never will understand the process of how sex and gender are socially assigned. Maybe sex is a gendered
Both texts ‘The Handmaids Tale’ and ‘The Bloody Chamber’ were written during the second wave of feminism which centralised the issue of ownership over women’s sexuality and reproductive rights and as a result, the oral contraceptive was created. As powerfully stated by Ariel Levy, ‘If we are really going to be sexually liberated, we need to make room for a range of options as wide as the variety of human desire.’ Margaret Atwood and Angela Carter both celebrate female sexuality as empowering to challenge the constraints of social pressure on attitudes of women. Both writers aim to expose the impact of patriarchy as it represses female sexual desire and aim to control it thus challenge contemporary perspectives of women by revealing the oppression
She further suggests that there is a tendency to look beyond cross-dressing or ‘transvestism’ as it challenges the binary of ‘female and ‘male’. Garber is careful not to call it the ‘third sex’; instead she classifies it as ‘third’ which puts into question “identities previously conceived as stable, unchallengeable, grounded and known” (Garber 13). Keeping this in mind it is also important to answer certain questions regarding the cross-dressing motif. Questions such as does the use of cross-dressing motif point towards an interest in the historical practices or does it bring out the contemporary debate around gender? Secondly, what is accomplished by using this motif: - blurring of the gender differences or the heightening of the same?
3.1. Introduction As it was stated earlier, one of the key terms in the present thesis is female grotesque. The researcher tends to see how the plays, Cleansed, Phaedra and Blasted, can be read in this respect. The point is that the narratives within these plays try to penetrate gender and sexual identities through the violence. This violence is not related to any gendered or sexual identity, whether male or female, it seems that Kane wants to put an end to these norms.
Although Ibsen argued that his work was exclusively about the human condition, Ibsen unintentionally created a feminist play. “A Doll’s House” by Henrik Ibsen is a feminist play, as shown by demonstrating the risks of defying societal norms and the burden of gender rules through many of his characters. In Ibsen’s opinion, “A Doll’s House” was primarily about the human condition. However, humanism and feminism are both centered around people and their values.
Midas that holds intertextual semantic relations based on world text theory with Ovid’s king Midas’ story from Metamorphoses, and Delilah and Salome. Other gender-bending figures, illustrated not by cross-dressing but by cross identification, appear like Mrs. Darwin, Mrs. Aesop, Mrs. Sisyphus, and Mrs. Faust. Keywords: Feminism, dramatic monologue, Duffy, poetry. Introduction Feminism: Body and Gender Throughout history accepted ideas about women’s bodies have yielded a social construction of these bodies.
James McDonald’s (2015) article “Organizational Communication Meets Queer Theory: Theorizing Relations of ‘Difference’ Differently” examined the benefits from the application of queer theory, especially in queer difference research. McDonald (2015) explored the roots of queer theory, the various criticisms these theories faced in the academic landscape, and how these theories paved the way for queer theory. Queer theory repackaged the concept of queerness from its previous negative connotations into something that stands for resistance to societal and cultural homogeneity, be it about race, gender, or other social identities (Littlejohn & Foss, 2009; McDonald, 2015). Queer theory had various influences, from cultural feminism, standpoint feminism,
Sexuality In this section the repulsion towards natural women, especially in the works of J.K. Huysmans A Rebour and Oscar Wilde’s Dorian Gray will be examined. As the work of Huysmans engages into the discourse of artificial (also “technological”) femininity vs. natural femininity several times it is at hand that my analysis will center upon this theme. Nevertheless, throughout the passage references will be given to the work of Dorian Gray, showing the parallels in the perceptions of women to Des Esseintes.
The issue of “gender” and “gender identity” has occupied significant place in literary theories and more specifically in feminist literary criticism. Merriam-Webster online dictionary defines gender as – “the behavioral, cultural, or psychological traits typically associated with one sex.” Feminist critics have attempted to distinguish between “sex” and “gender”. For them sex is a biological phenomena while gender is socially constructed. There is no direct relation between gender and biological sex.
“Not Your Incubator” illustrates conflict theory by showing how the macroaggression of systemic misogyny relates to the governments regulation of a women’s sexual and reproductive health, as well as the objectifying nature of debating the legality of a woman’s physical autonomy. “Not Your Incubator” is a political illustration that uses contrasting themes of objectification and ownership. It is inspired by “Riot Grrrl” feminism, a subset of third wave feminism. It invites the audience to use sociological imagination to evaluate how misogyny affects a woman’s relationship with her body. While limited by its narrow scope, “Not Your Incubator” provides context for Conflict Theory by relating a large societal conflict to the lives of everyday citizens.
Introduction Gender and racism is the creation of the society (Dabhoiwala, 2012). Among the most affected groups are the black women who are negatively perceived from an early age. I feel black women are disproportionately represented in the United Kingdom. The study seeks to highlight the disparity between races among school going children and this pattern in adulthood.
The theme that is present in both of the readings is the oppression of gender. “Why Nice Guys Finish Last” demonstrates how stereotypes of both men and women are the key factor in gender oppression. This reading also emphasizes how stereotypes of women are typically more prevalent, and therefore, more harmful in today’s society. “Dismantling Hierarchy, Queering Society” explains how male dominance through the patriarchy fuels the gendered oppression of women. It further explains specifically how heteropatriarchy brings forth white supremacy, capitalism, and colonialism too.
Fun Home by Alison Bechdel is graphic novel that allows the reader to view the character’s struggles and emotions deeply by being placed as a beholder in the story. Alison Bechdel linked her interpersonal relationships with growing up in a dysfunctional family that suppressed her identity behind artifice objects. Her memoir shows the readers an intimate way to connect with her childhood and early adulthood by discussing controversial topics such as gender identity and sexuality. The author not only shows the down side of living in an atmosphere of social awkwardness and lies, but she demonstrates ways in how people can strive to explore the meaning behind self identity. Bechdel covers a diary of her life as a homosexual women and her father’s gender struggle that contributed to their façade of a perfect life.
Feminism is the philosophy, found in both literature and society, that the Western world is fundamentally patriarchal. Throughout the play, The Crucible, by Arthur Miller, there are several examples of women being oppressed, as seen through the feminist critical lens. Miller uses male characters to reference to women objectively to help demonstrate this. This teaches that women are oppressed not just in literature, but in life. The female characters gain power in a male-dominated society through an elaborate plot of accusations and executions.