Gender identity is a controversial concept that has been discussed in terms of several perceptions such as psychological, social and political point of views. In consequence, it acquires different definitions and interpretations. However, in feminist works, using the feminist approach seems to be imperative because of its validity in analyzing the psychology of female heroines, as well as the psychology of female writers. This thesis attempts to clarify gender identity thought reading three postmodern gothic novels written by Angela Carter –a British contemporary writer. The ultimate goal of this thesis is to read the concept of gender identity in the terms of postmodern principles; it argues that Angela Carter in her postmodern gothic novels The
Abstract: Cultural understanding of sexuality is based on the ideas of behavior and attitudes of men and women in a society. Throughout the ages, male body has been cited as aggressive and women’s sexuality is seen as a response to that aggressive male desire, which later on described as a natural phenomenon. Therefore, from social to psychology, most of the critics believe that sexuality is a social constructed. Every age has its specific ideology of being a man; like, Masculinity in 3000 B.C. was defined by the valour and courage, Medieval masculinity was essentially based on Christianity and chivalric, Victorian masculine ideology was marked with responsible, well behaved, domestic, protective and breadwinners of family, Modern masculinity
The term “queer” in queer theory has some connection with the idea of that of homosexuality. The term queer is basically used as a slang for the term homosexual and other groups which are not considered by our so called cultural and sophisticated society as normal. This term is basically used as an umbrella term for the coalition of sexual identities which are considered to be marginalised in our educated and cultural society. It basically is a new branch of study which originated from the gay/lesbian studies. Further this branch of study of gay/lesbian grew out of feminist theory and feminist studies.
Queer theory challenges students and scholars alike to consider the overarching power structures and institutionalized hierarchies that permeate society, culture, and politics. Careful attention to issues such as biopolitics, Homonationalism, and hate crime/civil rights, remain essential to feminist thought. Queer approaches to such issues provide the tools with which to push back and intervene, however, the practice seems imperfect because there are contradictions within queer approaches to these issues. While touting an image of inclusivity, queer theory becomes ensconced in the biopolitics that it seeks to destabilize by positioning some queer populations as more ideal than others and thus promoting a homonational identity. Queer theorizing
As long as feminism considers women a well-defined category that's universally identifiable... it undermines its ability to represent women. Then reader approaches the theory of Sex versus Gender Feminism often splits the unity of women when it splits the idea of sex and gender. This distinction was first used to undermine the idea of "biology-as-destiny." But, if this distinction is pushed too far, then the idea of gender becomes disconnected from the body - and one never will understand the process of how sex and gender are socially assigned. Maybe sex is a gendered
James McDonald’s (2015) article “Organizational Communication Meets Queer Theory: Theorizing Relations of ‘Difference’ Differently” examined the benefits from the application of queer theory, especially in queer difference research. McDonald (2015) explored the roots of queer theory, the various criticisms these theories faced in the academic landscape, and how these theories paved the way for queer theory. Queer theory repackaged the concept of queerness from its previous negative connotations into something that stands for resistance to societal and cultural homogeneity, be it about race, gender, or other social identities (Littlejohn & Foss, 2009; McDonald, 2015). Queer theory had various influences, from cultural feminism, standpoint feminism,
In this response paper I continue with my goal of problematizing mainstream concepts in gender theory using ideas generated from transgender studies and my own lived experience as a Filipino transsexual woman. Judith Butler’s Gender Trouble, considered to be one of queer theory’s foundational texts, expounds on the notion of gender performativity that describes gender’s ‘truth’ or ‘naturalness’ as a result of repeated reiterations of (highly mediated) permitted acts while repressing contradictory ones. In the chapter “Prohibition, Psychoanalysis, and the Production of the Heterosexual Matrix,” Butler historicizes patriarchy and the transformation of sex into gender and extends the finding of gender’s artificiality to critique the normative ‘heterosexual matrix’ that imposes rigid social rules to follow in order for on to have a valid ‘identity’. She demonstrates the mechanisms that enforce these ‘coherent’ gender identities by mentioning Lévi-Strauss’ structuralism and the exchange of women as a form of kinship (pp. 47-55); Joan Riviere’s ‘womanliness as masquerade’ (pp.
Gender identity has been defined in several ways, including comfort with one’s gender, self-perception of adherence to gender stereotypes, and internalized social pressure for conforming to gender stereotypes. According to the Journal and Reseach on Gender and Adolescent Development, there are several problems with this practice. First, it involves inferring gender identity from self-perceived gender typing, and one cannot test such theories without distinguishing the two constructs conceptually and empirically. Second, because the degree to which a person is male typical (or female typical) in one domain is not highly correlated with how male typical the person in other domain. (Egan and Perry,
It is also a prerequisite for developing effective strategies to liberate women and identifies the underlying causes of women’s subordination. Dr. Rosemarie Tong a distinguished Professor of Health Care Ethics in the Department of Philosophy, suggests that feminist theory attempts to describe women’s oppression, to explain its causes and consequences, and to prescribe strategies for women’s liberation. In “Women Do Theory,” Jane Flax, a professor in the department of political science, suggests that theory is a systematic, analytic approach to everyday experience. Flax argues that everybody does this unconsciously and that to theorize is to bring this unconscious process to a conscious level so that it can be developed and refined. According to Flax, feminist theory seeks to understand the power differential between men and women, seeks to understand women’s oppression—how it evolved, how it changes over time, how it is related to other forms of oppression and how to overcome these oppressions.