Gender Violence In Schools

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CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION OF THE STUDY INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY The study seeks to investigate the views pertaining to learners, teachers and parents on gender violence in schools. These views are vital in understanding and dealing with gender violence in schools. The United Nations regards violence in schools as one of the main social concerns and it should receive appropriate attention (United Nations, 2006). This is because such violent behaviours limits the basic benefits provided through education, and in some cases causes poor health or leads to a range of psychological traumas for the victims of gender violence (ibid). The World Report on Violence against Children has further identified the different forms of violence…show more content…
Morrell (1998) and Bhana (2005) contend that gender violence in the school context in African countries has been identified as a considerable problem and necessitates serious consideration. In South African context, gender violence is a widespread problem of substantial concern. Social and economic conditions in South African townships exacerbated by history of apartheid have created a climate for violence against females (Bhana, 2005). According to Meier (2002) gender violence is also inextricably linked to social problems such as poverty. Poverty has been linked to the prevalence of gender violence in schools; poverty may mean that essential goods, school fees or extra tutoring are out of reach for many learners. Girls, in particular, may be vulnerable to engaging in exploitative sexual relationships with teachers in order to meet these educational needs. In fact, teachers are occasionally the perpetrators of such violence in schools. For example; girls have been threatened with school failure for not having sex with a teacher (Jewkes, 2000). In addition, adolescent girls may face economic pressures to allow older men to be their ‘sugar daddies’ in exchanging sex for presents, to pass to the next grade or money for themselves and or families (Hunter, Jewkes and Abrahams, 2002). For a country not at war, South Africa has…show more content…
(2001) in their study conducted in Malawi found that learners do not report sexual harassment against them by male teachers in the school. It was seen as ‘normal’ and difficult to challenge, thus they chose not to act. This could also mean that these young girls have internalised violence and accepted it as normal. This is a huge problem because if these learners have normalised such abuse it limits their opportunities to attend school or complete their schooling to succeed as individuals during their school years and to take advantage of their schooling throughout their lives. Indeed gender violence results in being unable to concentrate during teaching and learning, not wanting to participate in class, receiving lower grades and even leaving school altogether because some of them are requested not to speak out at home or to anybody else because if they do they will get into trouble for example, not passing to the next grade or not even getting good marks. This is all done by professional male teachers who know about human rights but they are constantly violating the rights of these young girls whereas they are supposed to be the key to ending gender violence in

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