Gender Wage Gap: Gender Discrimination In The Workforce

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Gender wage gap: Gender discrimination in the workforce ‘Achieving gender equality requires the engagement of women and men, girls and boys. It is everyone's responsibility.’ – Ban Ki Moon, Secretary-General of United Nations. Gender wage gap, also known as male-female income difference, is the dissimilarities between male and female earnings. It is equated as a percentage of male earnings. Normally, the wage gap is measured using full-time weekly earnings before tax without taking external aspects into account such as overtime. The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) expressed it as the average difference between men’s and women’s hourly earnings. In general, it is believed that the pay gap is caused by multiple…show more content…
It occurs when a person is treated with disadvantageously due to their sex. One of the places that practise gender discrimination commonly is in the labour force. A job applicant may face discriminatory hiring practices or treatment when looking for a job. According to Becker (1957) in Fugueiredo M’s (2013) research, gender discrimination in the labour market is defined as A premium required to work with, buy from or employ a member of the group one discriminates against when that person is, except for group membership, identical to other individuals who are not discriminated against. The supply of members of that group and the distribution of preferences among the majority generate the observed outcome of market discrimination. With that being said, employers tend to make assumptions about what kind of career opportunities that are inappropriate for women. Therefore, influencing their decisions about job applicants and existing employees. This causes the pay gap as they impact what career women apply for, what type of jobs they are offered and how far they can excel. This further influenced women choices when employers give out unfair compensation compared to their opposite sex…show more content…
This is known as industrial segregation. Concentration of women in certain industries further extends the pay gap. A research conducted by Evelyn Murphy (2006), to prove how industrial segregation affects the gender pay gap, she compared two different industries, mining and retail. Mining, which is also the highest paying industry consist of only 14.5percent of women whereas in retail, one of the lowest paid industries accounts to 57percent of female employees. The pay gap would be able to narrow down if both sexes are employed fairly among

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