I know that things are quite different in Hollywood and countless hard-working Americans are not dealing with that volume of money. However, this example perfectly ties into an issue that has plagued women in multiple countries from the second they entered the workforce: the gender wage gap. For if women in 2018 can work, receive the same education as men, and hold high tier positions such as CEO, how does it make sense that they are still making less than men for the same positions? It is a fact that some people do not believe in the gender wage gap and if they do believe in it, they believe that the gap is justifiable based on certain factors. However, those people who advocate and support the gender wage gap do not even know what the true definition is since it is often used incorrectly and applied to situations where it should not be.
There has been a lot of economic and social researches concerning this problem. The results did not differ noticeably and most of them discovered some important factors of disparities in men’s and women’s wage such as different career and education choices, occupation, experience and working hours (Wagner, 2015). As it is seen, all of the mentioned elements are more related to personal choices rather than the situation of the society. As these factors have a significant impact to the pay gap, it is important to analyse them
There is still clear discrimination going on in the workplace towards women today; two of these issues being the gender pay gap and sexual harassment. Women receive less pay than men based on their personal life, gender, age, race, and level of education. According to statistics women earn only 80% of what men earn, a pay gap of 20% (Miller). For instance, Hispanic/Latina women earn pay only 54% of what white men earn and African American women earn pay 63% of what white men earn. Second, when women have kids their employers assume they will work less so they pay them less.
So, women all over the world appear to be concentrated in low-productivity jobs” (World Bank, 2012). This is known as segregation based on gender. This gap is observed on a large scale in rural areas than in the urban areas. AGRICUTLURE SECTOR: As mentioned above, there is a large wage gap in between the male and females of our country. The largest wage gap was observed in the ploughing operations in the year 2009, where men were paid Rs103 per day while the female were paid Rs55 per day, with a wage gap ratio of 1.87.
For many years there has been controversies about the gender wage gap in our society. Discrimination, abuse, illegal, unfair, and chauvinism are some of terms that come to our minds when this topic is brought to the table since these are the words most critics, advocates, feminist activist, social workers and many others use to refer to the wide gender pay gap existing nowadays. In this paper we are going to examine the arguments of J. R. Shackleton and Hilary M. Lips, to have a better understanding of the gender wage gap in our country and to see if there is a possible solution to this problem. Shackleton suggest that there are some explanation about the differences in women and men hourly wages, and attempts to explain why are these differences
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, on average among full time workers, men work 8.75 hours a week and women work 8.01 hours. The difference totals to 9% more hours put in on average by men. This is a major reason for why a gap exists between men and women, as there is a distinct difference in time put in by employees by gender. Full time jobs are considered to be a minimum of 35 hours working a week, and the “80 cents to a man’s dollar” statistic simply takes the earnings of all the individuals in that pay range. It becomes clear then that the statistic is ignoring a rather large work time disparity and making what a man earns in nearly nine hours equivalent to what a female earned in eight.
The Gender Pay Gap in the United States For centuries, women have been subject to many different types of inequalities. Consequently, they are subjects of disadvantages every day. From politics, economics, education, and even health care, gender inequality exists everywhere. One of the biggest problems this causes is a distribution of wealth between men and women. Even though this has been a persistent issue to date, there has been little talk of change.
The gender pay gap is a significant issue in the United States because it promotes institutional and internal sexism and the unfair treatment of human beings. An infamous statistic about the wage gap has been the 77 cent statistic, stating that for every dollar a man earns, a woman earns 77 cents. The statistic is calculated by, “...dividing the median earnings of full-time, year-round, working women by the median earnings of full-time, year-round, working men, all rounded to the nearest $100” (Glynn 2). This, however, represents males and females from all occupations, causing opponents to argue that, because it does not represent the gap between people who have the same job, a wage gap does not exist. Nonetheless, multiple studies have proven that a gender pay gap does exist within the United States.
Despite of this the gender pay gap exists at all levels. According to the Bureau of Labour Statistics 2010 data, women earn more than men in only 4 of the 111 occupations for which there is enough data to calculate gender pay comparisons. And these include jobs that keep you barely above the poverty line.