In his book, Peter Winn attempts to explain how the Yarur mill - “symbol of social struggle” - takeover marked a turning point for the Chilean revolution, with workers as central protagonists. Winn bases his book on qualitative data, by using oral history with numerous interviews, direct quotations from workers alongside government statistics, private sector information, union minutes and external journalism. This approach gives an encompassing idea of how developments were happening the factory. He narrates the unfolding of the revolution from below, through the eyes of the workers, he quotes “This is their story, which I have tried to tell as much as possible through their eyes and words” (p.7). Finally, he explain how the idea of giving back Chile’s wealth to the workers started and died with the workers movement.
Hysteria also reflects the zeitgeist of post revolution Chile and Dorfman uses this play to ascribe the hysteria and paranoia to radical political change. This play demonstrates that excessive human experience produces excessive human response. Through this play, Dorfman raises many pertinent questions about how political change affects the individual and the country itself. Is it legitimate to sacrifice the truth to ensure peace? Who is guilty?
The ideology of imperialism revolves around the need for economic gain through any means necessary. However, Conrad tries to show that the very ideology itself is detrimental to a person’s mental health throughout the first chapter of Heart of Darkness. A key example of this is the scene with the doctor at the beginning of the chapter, the doctor who is examining Marlow states that “changes take place inside” people that go to places like Africa. The doctor could be implying that individual change when they go places like Africa because of the influence of imperialism. In places like Africa an individual must adapt to the imperialistic ideology, which revolves primarily around the gain of profit.
The MRTA group became active in Lima in the mid-1980s (Burt, 2009, pp.392-3), and while they were responsible for some of the violations of the human rights of the Peruvian people, it was Sendero Luminoso who were accountable for the majority of human rights abuses committed during that time (Carrión, 2003, p.1). Sendero Luminoso, although originally founded in 1970, was relatively unknown until Peru’s transition from military rule to democracy in 1980. Sendero recognised this political transition as the opportune moment to begin their insurgency attacks on the state (Reid, 1985, p.107) and in a short number of years Sendero Luminoso transformed from being a small insurgency group located in the rural Ayacucho region of Peru, to being a large, guerrilla organisation waging war against the Peruvian state (Conaghan and Malloy, 1994, p.173). Sendero’s communist ideology strived to protect the indigenous people of the rural Andean highlands. These indigenous communities were far less economically developed than Peru’s cities, where the people were predominantly of Hispanic or Mestizo (mixed race) origin.
In his book, Remembering Pinochet’s Chile, Steve J. Stern argues that the Chilean memory of Pinochet’s dictatorship is like this idea of a “giant, collectively built memory box” (xxiix). This memory box attempts to “give meaning to, and find legitimacy within, a devastating community experience” (xxix). This theory tries to explain what happened during the dictatorship and acknowledges that there is a “great collective trauma” that must be recognized (Stern xxviii). In order to recognize this trauma, Stern introduces this idea of “memory knots” groups of people who brought attention to this traumatic past and the importance of remembrance. An example of these “memory knots” are authors
Thus, while Allende politicizes "the family" as standing for the nation, the novel's autobiographical elements tie the political to the personal: although the dictator in the novel goes unnamed, it is clear Allende refers to Pinochet. The "dispersion of the family" implies Allende's exile, those others who fled Chile, as well as family members who lost their spouses, children, or relatives in the wake of the 1973 coup. Retrieving "lost" memory and identity in the novel:
It is not just to the story and the characters, it is even the disjointed narrative style which encourages the principles Anti-nationalism. Before the story, it is important to know some of the context that went into writing this story. The story’s two prefaces depicts the harsh environment Dorfman grew up in the nationalistic military state of Chile. Dorfman fled from Chile when his life in danger for holding liberal views against a rising military power responsible for the disappearance of thousands of Chileans. Dorfman Wanted to write about the injustices that were occurring in his birthplace and wanted to exposed this injustice to not only Chile, but the world.
The texts reference the significant social and political upheaval as a consequence of rapid industrialisation, war and extreme class disparity of their time and show how oppression and dehumanisation cause loss of mankind’s values. Through the representation of the totalitarian regimes of the autocratic leaders, Lang and Orwell have created timeless
They could be either radical left as in the case of ALBA member states – Venezuela, Bolivia and Peru or liberal left as in Brazil and Argentina. Many of these governments have fought poverty and inequality and addressed these issues attaining favorable results. This has been possible only through democratization, which paved way for socialist parties that aimed at addressing the abject poverty and appalling inequality that was (and still is) conspicuous throughout Latin America. Thus the democratic governments rejected both the two main economic models followed in Latin America in its non democratic era : import substitution of bureaucratic authoritarian regimes as well as rabid marketization and neoliberalism of U.S supported regimes. Thus the newly democratic states elected parties that were of a pragmatic socialist bent, which struck a right balance between liberalization and welfare, thus lifting millions out of poverty, which is most exemplified in the case of Brazil and Mexicio.
In Chile, According to Stacie Jonas, the perception that the international community considered Pinochet a criminal, brought human rights issues back to the headlines and gave victims back their voices. His arrest motivated people to submit an avalanche of new cases against the former dictator. The Chilean courts removed many of Pinochet-appointed judges and promoted a reinterpretation of the country’s amnesty law. Shortly after Pinochet had arrived back home, Judge Juan Guzmán requested the courts to destitute the former head of state of his parliamentary immunity and ordered him to be placed under house arrest. Pinochet’s arrest in London also paved the way for the prosecution of other Chilean military officials and inspired new accountability efforts in Argentina.