In all reality, a police officer is not responding to the skin color of the individual but to the environment in which the crime has been committed. The article “Black Supporters of Racial Profiling: A Demographic Profile” by Shaun L. Gabbidon, George E. Higgins and Kideste M. Wilder-Bonner. Gabbidon, Higgins, and Wilder-Bonner explain how demographic areas can affect how black males maybe looked at when a crime does occur. “Black males are overrepresented among perpetrators of violent crime, they may be perceived as a real threat and thus an appropriate target of racial profiling particularly in disadvantaged communities of color where violent victimization is most likely to occur” (11). This is biased-based policing and not permitted to happen in any of the states in America.
Questions still arise today about the disproportionately high numbers of people of African descent killed, beaten, and arrested by police in major urban cities of America. Since the mid-1900s the words law enforcement and policing have been used interchangeably. In order to understand the present, one must understand the past relationships between law-enforcement and African-Americans. The Webster’s Unabridged Deluxe defines black as of the darkest color; opposite of white ; a Negro; dirty; evil; wicked; without hope. This definition alone associates African-Americans with the stigma of being criminal and no good.
African Americans feel targeted in today’s society because so many innocent African Americans are being incarcerated, shot, and killed. Since 2001, it is 6.1 times likelier to be incarcerated as a black man than a white man. This is all because of skin color. Black Lives Matter (BLM) was a group created to raise awareness for the heinous acts the have presented itself to the black community
The police power ought to be an impression of the community. Thus, if a community has a substantial amount of African Americans, there ought to be a proportionate number of African Americans on the police force. Be that as it may, cops of any race soon wind up plainly bored on the off chance that they work in high crime rate areas. The police typically just interact with the most noticeably bad looking of the community, the general population they capture. What's more they are presented to some terrible occasions murder, assault, and kid manhandle.
The reason why he is accused of rape and considered guilty is because he is an African-American and that instantly labels him as a criminal or a murderer. The people in Maycomb also labels Atticus Finch as a threat to Maycomb town and they call him a “nigger-lover” just because he is defending Tom Robinson and for being his lawyer on the court. Judging people by just seeing them for the first time without knowing the person is just not the right way to criticize a person. It could also be referred to rating a book by judging its cover without reading the inside of a book. But judging a person by its race is the main reason why in the past we had these racist issues.
This article was written by Cody Ross and published in the Social Forum journal, a peer reviewed journal. It is reliable as it has already been peer reviewed and cites many other sources throughout it. In the article, it says that there is a racial disparity in police violence against white people and black people. It attempts to support how black people are unfairly the victims of police brutality as compared to white people. It brings up statistics as to how unarmed black people are much more likely to be shot than unarmed white people are when it comes to dealing with the police.
Why We Punish & Different Ways Criminals are Punished Why does the criminal justice system of America punish criminals? The answer lies in the words “justice.” The term justice can be interpreted in many ways.
As a criminal justice major, I was able to take numerous courses that thoroughly analyzed the many aspects of our country’s prison system. These courses taught me that in a system where oppression is rampant, social injustice will also be prevalent. Particularly, the issues of death by incarceration, racial disparities and the prioritization of punitive measures rather than treatment filled me with an indescribable rage. Consequently, my frustration left me with a sense of disappointment and hopelessness and led to me to question whether social equality would ever prevail. This mindset changed after I had the honor of being selected to participate in the Inside-Out Prison Exchange service-learning course.
This unfairness extends not only to the race of the accused singled out for death row but also to the race of the victim. It is disgusting to know that when deciding on who gets the death sentence the color of the defendant and victim plays a crucial and intolerable role in the U.S justice system. According to a study done by general accounting office(GAO)in the 90s they found that for homicides committed under otherwise similar circumstances, and where defendants had
In Dostoevsky’s Crime and Punishment, Dostoevsky challenges the concept of crime. Through Raskolnikov’s ability to rationalize murder and evil, Dostoevsky challenges the concept of what a crime is. By depicting Raskolnikov in a way that he rationalizes his acts, it can be understood that the concept of crime is dependent on the situation and the outcome. With this, one can question whether crime will remain as a crime even if it results in the benefit of the majority of the population. In this paper, I will be arguing the concept of what crime is through the situations and the outcomes shown in Crime and Punishment, with the help of true to life crimes.
I researched a little more in depth about how people are stopped solely based on their image, more so their race. American Civil Liberties Union has an entire article on this subject. The article is titled Racial Profiling and addresses how certain races are stopped by police just based by their race. The article is very powerful and examines how racial profiling can be hazardous to your health because it can lead to death. The article states, “ Many racial profiling victims walk away with traffic tickets, but too often for others the outcome of racial profiling is death” (Racial Profiling and Liberties Union).
Introduction You asked that I examine the investigative tool, criminal behavioral analysis, its racial misuse and controversial issues and whether it still has the ability to solve critical crimes using the method. Criminal profiling has always been a means of solving or assisting a crime and trying to prevent it from happening again. It helps narrow down the investigation down by pointing out certain behavioral characteristics of the kind of person who most likely committed the crime. The issue that I was presented with was racial misuse done by law enforcement and it’s impact on African Americans, Muslims, and other minorities. Criminal profiling is an effective tool for law enforcement but has been used in a harsh and inconsiderate way
Racial profiling can cause multiple problems. Several law enforcement agencies have gone through expensive litigation over civil rights concerns. Police-citizen relations in those communities have been strained, making policing all the more challenging. Most importantly, racial profiling is unlikely to be an effective policing strategy as criminals can simply shift their activities outside the profile (e.g., if racial profiling begins with police stopping black males in their teens and twenties. The "cumulative impact of racial discrimination accounts for the special, way that blacks have of looking at and evaluating" their experiences in public encounters (Feagin, 1991:115).
Leonard Pitts Jr is the writer behind ‘What can I do?’ a powerful article about the police brutality toward African American males. The issue that is presented in this article center around the numerous cases where an unarmed African American males were killed by police officers majority of them white for undignified reasons. The authors position on this issue is police brutality on African American that led to the killings of over five males were injustice. Mr. Pitts would like to hear from the readers to find ways to prevent any more incident of racial motivated police brutality, he hopes this will help make a change.
Many evidence support the view that there are biases in the criminal justice system against members of minority groups. One of the issues with discriminatory practices is that legal apparatus for antidiscrimination law is based on intentional discrimination. Many issues of overrepresentation of minority group individuals at all levels of the justice system have profound effects not only for those who are accused and convicted but also for the victims of crime. Victims from racialized communities, knowing that members of their community are unfairly treated under the law, may feel both personal pressure and community pressure to not report crimes committed against them or testify in court. Slavery, and the concomitant violence committed against