Generalities Of Humanitarian Law

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1- The generalities of ensuring humanitarian law 1-1- The concept of ensuring humanitarian law Humanitarian law is a part of the war law and it is a set of international legal rules governing wartime, which have mainly a protective aspect: protection of people- including military or civilian- demilitarized property and objectives and the requirements for the belligerent people and countries to observe given protections during the conflict. Ensuring Humanitarian law is various reactions known in armed hostilities law when the law is not observed or there is a violation. 1-2- the emergence of international humanitarian law and its historical evolution Following the emergence of primitive societies and the development of friendly relations between them, hostile relations also emerge due to the existence of discrimination and injustice and nations ' independence-seeking. War is the most striking example of hostile relations. Humanitarian rules and regulations were observed in the earlier wars- of course not in its present form. For example, in ancient Greece and Iran, there were some rules concerning the treatment with prisoners of war and respect for them, safety of non-combatants, reverence of the submitters, and the sanctity of holy places and so on. International humanitarian law is the most historic and the oldest part of international law, so its formation in its present form has been influenced by historical events. In 1859, a war took place between France and

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