Genetic Engineering - Application in Agriculture Introduction The process of manually adding new DNA to an organism is called genetic engineering, and also being termed as recombinant DNA technology, which aims to add one or more new traits that are not found in that organism naturally (Nebraska, 2001). One of the examples of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) is agriculture plants. GM foods are used to term the foods which are produces from or using GMOs. Why are GM foods produced? The main reason of producing GMOs is to greatly reduce the risk of cops being lost due to extreme weather conditions and also to improve the crop productions.
The most common use for technology on food is to incorporate genes into crops such that they are resistant to pesticides. Farmers can then spray pesticides onto crops without fear of damaging the crop (Gasson, 2003). Traits that help to make consumers and producers better off are also inserted into GM food. For example, yellow rice helps to address blindness in children that occur as a result of deficiency of nutrients that has impacted many in developing countries (Gasson, 2003). However, environmental concerns regarding GM food have been raised.
What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Genetically Modified Foods? Genetically modified (GM) foods are organisms that have had new genes added to themselves from other organisms. Being around since 1994, they are produced in a way that is very similar to genetic engineering. The technique used in this type of crop management has been introduced to ensure farmers and merchants are able to improve crop or food quality in a more efficient way. Some people arrogate that this technology will help those in the agricultural industry decrease the amount of wasted crops and foods.
If these problems are occurring in pigs, they surely can’t be healthy for human consumption. The intentions of GMO crops are good, but the execution has so far been poor. We need to perform more studies and perfect the science. It is my personal opinion that in addition to stopping GMO production until we have more research, we should also stop genetically modifying animals. Plants don’t have the same mental capacity as animals (obviously) so I can understand experimenting with crop production.
This essay will look more on the advantages and disadvantages of genetic engineering. Genetic engineering has some advantages. Firstly it allows for faster growth rate .Genetic engineering allows of plants or animals to be modified so their maturity can occur at a quicker pace outside of the normal growth conditions that are favourable without genetic changes as well .Secondly, it may also provide a cure for disease to improve health (apecsecadmin, 2014). Genetic engineering can be used to eradicate a number of incurable and deadly disease which could be done by identifying the genes that cause these disease, and manipulate them to prevent people from contracting these potentially deadly diseases. Genetic engineering could theoretically eliminate the passing of “disease” genes.
` To start us off, genetically engineering a baby can be very unsafe for it and lead to genetic defects. Scientists don’t know everything about the human body yet, and because of this, if we end up modifying something, it could end up affecting something important that we didn’t know about. We also can’t predict the outcome of the modification yet. Scientists could be able to possibly knock out a disease out of our genetic code, but since we don’t know the outcome one-hundred percent, this could lead to worse things happening in our body, like introducing a new, more deadly disease. Finally, engineering a baby inside the womb can be very dangerous for the baby.
These enhance immunity in the seeds but eating them can decrease the effectiveness of actual antibiotics 3)CHEMICAL CONTAMINATION: Modified genes in the Biotech food may have human health risks because when genes are altered, some chemicals are used to get certain traits, like for example, to improve the resistance to powerful herbicides. Soybean are genetically engineered to resist herbicides which normally kills all the weeds and different plants in the discipline. As a result, the meals you eat will contain insecticides and herbicides that leads to ruining our health, visual imbalance and leads to most cancers. ECONOMIC
An exact characteristic is created in one generation very accurately by genetic engineering. Only closely related plants can be combined during plant breeding. Genetic engineering has allowed new characteristics in important crops to improve their strong resistance to pests, their nutrition value, taste and quality (especially tomatoes), resistance to extreme weather conditions. The use of GM crops has expanded into 40 countries. FIGURE 1.2: The distribution of genetically modified foods around the world Many plant and animal species that are domesticated have been distributed around the world from the place where they’ve been domesticated.
The 4 Cons of Genetic Engineering The following are the issues that genetic engineering can trigger: 1. May Hamper Nutritional Value Genetic engineering on food also includes the infectivity of genes in root crops. These crops might supersede the natural weeds. These can be dangerous for the natural plants. Unpleasant genetic mutations could result to an increased allergy occurrence of the crop.
THE BENEFITS OF GENETICALLY MODIEFIED FOOD GMO means genetically modified organisms, in this essay I will focus on genetically modified food and its benefits. Genetically modified food is genetically improved food which changes the crop or the plant to have something they don't have usually. For example it could make a crop have some nutrients the they didn't usually have or they you could make some the plant resistant to herbicides. People usually don't like the GMO because they think of it as chemicals and side effects. The genetically modified food helps the people through increase the economy, it also improves the environment and may be the health to the in habitants and the plants themselves.