Genetic Similarities Between Asians And Native Americans

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The label “Indian” refers to a variety of different cultures (over 2000), with hundreds of different languages and different ways of living. Indians had long, dark hair, almond shaped eyes and bronze or tan skin. After the realization that America was not a part of Asia a examination began over how people got there. Joseph de Acosta said “Old World animals were presents in the Americas” (Faragher pg 5), humans must have crossed a land bridge with them.
Scientific evidence shows there are close genetic similarities between Asians and Native Americans. Migrants started separating from Asia about 30,000 years ago. The sea level were nearly 300 feet lower to the land. These lower sea levels to the creation of the land bridge, Beringia. “The migration
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“Changing climatic conditions lowered the reproduction and survival rates of these large mammals, forcing hunting bands to intensify their hunting” (Faragher pg 8). After the end of the Ice Age large mammals, like mastodon died off, because of the climate change. They began hunting bison with weapons that could be thrown quickly with great accuracy and speed. The retreat of the glaciers led to new ways of getting food: hunting-arctic, foraging-desert, fishing-coasts, and hunter-gatherer-forests. In the desert food was obtained through small game hunting and intensified foraging. Native Americans lived in caves and rock shelters. “In addition to stone tools, there are objects of wood, hide, and fiber, wonderfully preserved for thousands of years in the climate” (Faragher pg 9). The desert culture spread west and developed closely populated settled communities. Forest culture called “Forest Efficiency” because they had a rich and sophisticated knowledge of the land and how to use…show more content…
These elements of vegetables fueled Europe for three centuries. The maize adapted to a wide range of North American climates and provided the foundation for the farming system. Increasing of the social complexity reshaped farming society. People needed to stay in one place to tend the crops, people moved into permanent villages with permanent architecture. Native families began to group into clans, and division of labor by gender. Mesoamerica was considered the region stretching from Mexico to Central America. It is said Mesoamerica was the birthplace of agriculture in North America. Due to the climate changes all farming societies were very vulnurable. Today’s hunter-gatherers regard their method of obtaining food as superior, because farming requires tedious
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