At first I was against the production of GMOs as I was only exposed to the negative points. But after conducting research on GM foods I have changed my view pint. The advantages of GMOs have been very beneficial and products, such as Golden Rice have been accomplished its goals in improving and enhancing people’s health. GMOs are a way the human race can feed the growing population and help combat many diseases, like the soybeans vaccines, and help fight malnutrition.
Some of the issues includes biodiversity issues and the welfare of animals. 4.1 Biodiversity Issues Biodiversity denotes how many different varieties of plants and animals exist in a region. Conserving biodiversity is significant as different organisms prosper in various ecological conditions. Prevalent planting of genetically modified crops with more desirable traits such as greater yields and drought, disease or insect resistance will reduce biodiversity immensely and rework the food chain. For example, a study in UK involved aphids that consumed GM potatoes; the food was found to have an injurious effect on ladybirds that fed on aphids.
To compare with the traditional edibles, GM foods are the food with better quality. Owing to the advanced technology, some useful features of a comestible can be transmitted through modifying genes. This means that nutrients are not restricted to the initial amount. Humans are possible to obtain a combination of essential nourishment which natural foods do not have (Barak, S., Mudgil, D., & Khatkar, B.S., 2010). For instance, vitamin A is hard to be acquired in underdeveloped countries.
As mentioned before, the most common use of GM engineering for our foods is the insertion of genes that make crops tolerant to pesticides. To put it simply, farmers can spray as much pesticides and herbicides on their crops to rid pests without having to worry about harming their crops. However, we should not forget that the increased spraying of pesticides on the food that we eat also increases our exposure to pesticides. This is through either the consumption of their leaves and seeds where pesticides have been applied, or through the uptake of contaminants by the plants from soil and from water that has been exposed to pesticides. This is of course detrimental to our health.
Fruits and vegetables are an important part of a healthy diet as they provide the human body with nutrients and energy. Without them our bodies may experience digestive and cardiovascular problems, as well as additional chronic diseases and some forms of cancer, thus highlighting their importance (Donvito). When shopping, consumers in search of healthy produce often times pick up contaminated options. They’re contaminated by the very things that aid in their to grow: pesticides and fertilizers. Pesticides are products that are meant to control pest and much like the way we take steps to keep our gardens from pests and disease, farmers use pesticides to save their crops from affliction; this ironically results in crops that aren’t properly suit to be consumed.
THE BENEFITS OF GENETICALLY MODIEFIED FOOD GMO means genetically modified organisms, in this essay I will focus on genetically modified food and its benefits. Genetically modified food is genetically improved food which changes the crop or the plant to have something they don't have usually. For example it could make a crop have some nutrients the they didn't usually have or they you could make some the plant resistant to herbicides. People usually don't like the GMO because they think of it as chemicals and side effects.
In some African countries, rice is the primary source of food and therefore improving the quality of rice means bettering the nutritional intake of the poorer population especially children. Dr Momma and collegues at the University of Kyoto revealed that genetically modified rice contained 20% more protein than normal rice. However studies have shown that genetically modified food expose a threat to our biodiversity since the food has more resistance over the natural wild varieties and be fatal to other organism in the ecosystem. We have skipped the impact of animal health when designing genetically modified food and animals can suffer from nutrient imbalance, insulin problem, and dangerous side effects such as allergies which can even lead to death of certain species of animal like
One important consequence of climate change is decreased food security as severe warming and weather conditions can lead to reduced crop yield, increased dangers to livestock, and the potential for increased invasive species in fisheries. Proponents of genetic engineering argue that genetically modified organisms can help curve the effects of global warming and the environmental impacts of agriculture. Indeed, many crops such as corn, wheat and soybeans have been genetically engineered to withstand droughts and/or frost. Moreover, genetically modified foods are typically more resistant to pests which leads to decreased pesticide and herbicide usage. For example, a farming technique called conservation tillage, made possible by GMO's led to a 5.2-billion-pound reduction in carbon dioxide emissions in 2014; the equivalent of 10 million fewer cars on the road in a year.
Another advantage is that GM grains could help with decreasing global warming – more plants and crops will be able to grow in previously unsuitable areas, leading to the increase in O2 levels and decrease in CO2 levels, reducing global warming (ConnectUS, 2017). There is the disadvantage of having a lower level of biodiversity. As more pests die, they are also reduced in the food chain, which, in turn, affects their predator’s food source; the MD grains may also be toxic to some organisms leading to possible extinction (ConnectUS, 2017). Cross contamination is another disadvantage – GM pollen may cross pollinate with e.g. grass or weeds, which may develop “superweeds” with the GM properties (Lombardo,
One of the benefits of GMOs in agriculture is the viability of sustainable food production. A potential problem with GMOs is the possibility of cancer from high nitrogen and other chemical pollutant levels. These are caused by synthetic pesticides, potential waste problems, and genetically modified foods. I find the argument for non GMOs to be more persuasive because it avoids the potential of cancer, allergies, antibiotic resistance, pesticide exposure, and environment
Not only are these farms building blocks, but these local farms help with environmental contamination, rural economics, and exploited, immigrant work force. Local farms also bring a community together through local food as well as community health. Having fresh produce helps prevent diet-related diseases, which is a very important issue in America today. Through local food, people bond with their community as well as their food; for instance, knowing and understanding how the food is produced and accessed allows people to be more aware of their community and health. However, not all communities today have this way of thinking, many communities suffer from food deserts, when supermarkets and alike leave an area.
With superior positive environmental impact, quality and quantity of GM crops, why would anyone oppose them? The reason to support genetically modified crops is that they produce a superior amount of whatever they supply. Ian Murnaghan says that the increased production could be used to feed people in developing countries or overpopulated areas where enough food is not steadily available. The seeds of these plants may cost more, but the maintenance cost decreases significantly.