Genette's Theory Of Intertextuality

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Gérard Genette brought the theory of intertextuality to a more structured stage. One of his influential works, Palimpsests: Literature in the Second Degree, introduces a new perspective on textual references. What has been referred to by other theorists as ‘intertextuality’, is now defined by a new term: ‘transtextuality’ (Latin ‘trans-’ – across, over; beyond; on the other side). This includes all kinds of relations between various texts, may they be explicit or inconspicuous, divided into five types: intertextuality, paratextuality, metatextuality, hypertextuality and architextuality. The first type is a narrowed phenomenon described under the same name by Kristeva. Intertextuality in Genette 's theory denotes de facto an actual occurrence of one or more texts in another. This may appear very literally, primarily as a traditional citing, with the use of quotation marks (though references are not a must). Another intertextual relation is inglorious yet still extensively practised plagiarism, that is quoting another author 's work without providing proper acknowledgements. Allusion is likewise considered to be a manifestation of intertextual relationships. Specific intertextual references, when an author refers to his or her own writings are known as auto- or intratextuality. Second type, paratextuality, is a kind of commentary to the text placed within itself in a form of titles, prefaces, forewords, epigraphs, book covers, illustrations, etc. (so called paratexts) Genette

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