In history, a frequent topic of debate is the legacy that the Mongol Empire left behind. It can easily be argued that they were nothing but murderous barbarians, a monotonous war machine. This is proven by the fact that they used biological warfare at the Siege of Caffa in 1346. The Mongols catapulted disease ridden corpses into the city of Caffa to spread the Black Plague into the city.(Wheelis) They also killed millions in the cities and towns that they raided(Rummel). The Mongols were guilty of crimes against humanity as they encouraged the spread of the Black Plague and slaughtered millions of innocent people in their military campaigns.
Genghis Khan a revered warlord by some, and feared by many. Genghis Khan has ruled a vast empire, a crazy twelve million square miles which had continued to spread until his death. His empire was so vast from all the land and people he conquered, it has been said that one in two hundred men are direct descendants of Genghis Khan, which is quite a plausible claim. Everywhere Genghis Khan marched, troops followed and cities were razed. Many trembled in fear to surrender to his ranks, others who did not die merciless deaths. Genghis Khan stood for everything Niccolo Machiavelli advocated for. Niccolo Machiavelli was a philosopher of the Renaissance age, born in Florence, Italy. Niccolo wrote a book named The Prince which has gained quite some
Genghis Khan ambles through the streets of peaceful Karakorum, greeting all his steadfast warriors. Among the Mongols are thousands of Chinese, Russians, Polish, Hungarians, and many more flooding the streets. Ordinarily, all of these people are going somewhere: to the glorious temples, the bustling markets, or to the distinguished Genghis Khan walking through his empire. The Mongol Empire, built with Genghis 's own blood, sweat, and unyielding perseverance, was what he dreamed the world could be, what he believed it would be. Genghis Khan led the Mongols not just to victory but assisted in the development of our world today. Moreover, the Mongols were a civilized nation because of the peaceful reign called Pax Mongolica, Khan 's religious tolerance, and their ingenious
The Mongols were a group of nomadic people that had a far from good reputation. Eight centuries ago the Mongols conquered much of the known world led by Genghis Khan. Their violent and rash actions got them the name ¨Barbarians¨, which was a term referring to people who were beyond reach of humanity, people who were evil or savage. The Mongols committed many barbaric crimes and they are shown through places they passed through, Genghis Khan, and their beliefs.
First, in political aspects, some said the mongols have a negative impact on Europe , as they changed the political history of Europe, especially of Russia, because of their ruling in conquered countries. Genghis Khan used the psychological warfare, the terror tactics, to deal with the resistance: surrender or die. The Mongols usual policy was slaughtered and depopulated the entire cities that resisted, and
His reign led to many rebellions, which obviously caused many people to lose their lives. If you resisted and your life ended, the lives of your relatives could also be taken to weed out any possible traitors. (Which I found rather brutal.) Also, if one were to be conquered and not killed, enslaved, or imprisoned, they’d be taxed heavily. As stated before, the Mongols were ordered to destroy the farmlands to make room for pasture, which led to the starvation of many people. Another problem was that many foreigners were accepted into Mongol controlled regions, which exposed natives to diseases that they had never experienced; this led to the death of many people, whose immune systems could not keep
The Mongols who are they and were they barbaric? The mongols was a small clan until they came to one leadership whom being named genghis Khan. He who lead the mongols to a world of conquering and success. The mongols were barbaric empire. They way they kept soldiers fighting is cruel, they way they killed people from other empires is not necessary, and the way they got married depending on the situation is unfair.
Mongol armies tore through most of the ancient world throughout the 13th century. Pillaging and plundering every nation in their path, the Mongols left an impressive wake of destruction and death. The Mongols shook the world with the impact of their conquests, but not of their influence was negative. Overall the Mongols brought much needed change in politics and commerce to both China and the Middle East.
The Mongols were easily one of the most dangerous and powerful empires in the 13th and 14th century. The Mongols were known for conquering most of the eastern empires of that time. Some may argue that the Mongols spread their culture and blended it with cultures across the eastern empires. The mongols did not desire to blend their culture and ideals with other empires but desired power and wealth and only what would benefit their own empire. The Mongols would take citizens from empires they conquered and recruit them into their army, make them slaves or require the citizens to pay tribute. This does not sound like the blending of cultures but the complete and utter enslavement of a group of people. The Mongols did not make attempts at furthering cultural advances, they had no interest in the
Both Khan and Alexander are great leaders. They both conquered large territories and were able to guide both the leaders and the armies underneath their command. Alexander consolidated the Greeks into one empire (although being a Macedonian he was not really seen as Greek), This stopped all intestine wars among the Hellenic cities and somehow put order in the empire, transform Greece into a tremendous war machine that allowed him to conquer their eternal enemies the Persians and most of countries under their domain, reach as far as India before his death. As he was absorbed by Persian customs, and vices, most historians say he forgot his homeland, so the
Genghis Khan had also had many many children, some he probably never knew about. He raped women so he could have a lot of people later down the line related to him. He would steal any woman he wanted, married or not. Khan was a cruel man but didn 't stop him from being the greatest general of all time.
The Yuan military however was the most known feature of the civilization. The Yuan were conquered by the Mongols and were a large part of the Mongol domination of East Asia. The military contained highly skilled craftsmen, equestrians, and the best military innovator in history, Genghis Khan. The military worked strong and hard to dominate the east asian scene and collect resources and food for the ever growing
Lastly the Mongols performed vicious practices that were fatal and inhumane. In Document 5 a picture depicts five people being buried alive and another man being shot with arrows while tied to a tree. No matter what these people may have done their actions don’t warrant such savage inhumane death. “Genghis Khan rooted out...adultery and theft...these could be left unattended because of the severity of (Mongol) laws against theft”(Document 7). The population under Genghis Khan’s rule shouldn’t have to live in fear of harsh or fatal punishments due to doing petty
When the mongols are getting ready to fight they set up in a certain way that the people believe that there is a huge army coming to get them and they get scared (Doc D). Their first wave is captured people from other places to fight them head on. The Mongols didn't even go into the first wave. This wave was most likely to get them tired for when the mongols attacked and finished them off. Carpini mentions that the Mongols split into different groups so that some could receive rest while others fought but the opposing forces would fight day and night (Doc D). We can see this again when Ata-Malik Juvaini said that after some time of fighting they had gotten tired and they had lost all hope on winning the fight (Doc E). This was a very great strategy to defeat the opposing forces. When the people fighting the Mongols got extremely tired then they would be easier to defeat and kill. They Mongols did not really exhibit any barbaric qualities in their fighting style. They did enough of what they had to do to take over the empires they were going up against. The only reason that the people could have viewed them as barbaric is because the mongols came unannounced and managed to kill a lot of people over a short period of
Khan was one of the most religiously tolerant rulers in history. He allowed people from different backgrounds enter his kingdom and hold high roles in the government. For example, Rashid al-Din was a Muslim historian who served in a high administration and documented the history of the empire. Another person was Marco Polo, a Christian, who served in the court of Kublai Khan, grandson of Genghis Khan, for 17 years. Both these men came from different religious backgrounds but still played a significant role in the Mongol empire. In history, it can be seen that people expanded their territory by killing and taking over different areas of land. Gaining more land showed a position of high power and authority. Although Khan conquered and killed he wasn’t an unfair ruler because he gave everyone a chance to join his empire. Khan displayed loyalty by putting the lives of his followers above everyone else. He only killed the other people because if he didn’t fight back he would’ve been killed along with his followers. Lastly, Khan encouraged trade throughout his society. He encouraged trade all over Eurasia and built roads to help extend his rule and help the economy. As said in the trial Khan allowed for effective communication along trade routes and allowed the merchants to feel safe.