The Mongols were easily one of the most dangerous and powerful empires in the 13th and 14th century. The Mongols were known for conquering most of the eastern empires of that time. Some may argue that the Mongols spread their culture and blended it with cultures across the eastern empires. The mongols did not desire to blend their culture and ideals with other empires but desired power and wealth and only what would benefit their own empire. The Mongols would take citizens from empires they conquered and recruit them into their army, make them slaves or require the citizens to pay tribute. This does not sound like the blending of cultures but the complete and utter enslavement of a group of people. The Mongols did not make attempts at furthering cultural advances, they had no interest in the
Many highly established governments were demolished to nothing. As stated by Qutuz, “thousands of years of knowledge was burned”. This means that the Mongols did not value the accomplishments of the societies. This also means that some some civilizations were completely wiped from history. As most of their history was stored in libraries, the destruction of these meant the loss of history forever. They also plundered the wealth of many territories. Although they claimed to have boosted economic prosperity through the increased safety of the silk road, there is no point in doing that if there is no cities to trade along the routes. Genghis Khan destroyed these cities, left them in a state of ruin, and erase their existence from
During the thirteenth century much of the known world was conquered by people from a small tribe in Central Asia. These people became known as the mongols. They operated on the backs of horses and even used siege weapons. Some of the people that came across the MOngols called the barbarians. These were people that were savage and evil. The reason for this is because the Mongols were taking over the land of all the people unexpectedly. They were looting and pillaging anywhere that they could and they didn't care who they ended up hurting. When they went into battle the Mongol army would also rape the women that they found in the certain villages that they went to. Even with all this happening they still managed to do certain things that are
You could walk down the silk road with a gold plate dangling from your camel and not have to worry about thieves at all in the slightest bit. The mongol empire lasted from 1260 - 1368 a.d. starting with Genghis Khan and ending with kublai Khan. After they conquered China they had a lasting impact.Though it only lasted a short while the mongol empire had a positive impact especially with its Silk Road.
Khan was one of the most religiously tolerant rulers in history. He allowed people from different backgrounds enter his kingdom and hold high roles in the government. For example, Rashid al-Din was a Muslim historian who served in a high administration and documented the history of the empire. Another person was Marco Polo, a Christian, who served in the court of Kublai Khan, grandson of Genghis Khan, for 17 years. Both these men came from different religious backgrounds but still played a significant role in the Mongol empire. In history, it can be seen that people expanded their territory by killing and taking over different areas of land. Gaining more land showed a position of high power and authority. Although Khan conquered and killed he wasn’t an unfair ruler because he gave everyone a chance to join his empire. Khan displayed loyalty by putting the lives of his followers above everyone else. He only killed the other people because if he didn’t fight back he would’ve been killed along with his followers. Lastly, Khan encouraged trade throughout his society. He encouraged trade all over Eurasia and built roads to help extend his rule and help the economy. As said in the trial Khan allowed for effective communication along trade routes and allowed the merchants to feel safe.
The Mongols reached broad extents of land, having four Khanates in Russia, Persia, Central Asia, and China, creating contacts with other parts of the known world(Document A). Because of this, public relations associating trade and commerce were set in motion. The Mongols traded among Asia and Europe for centuries during their establishment, and it was what initially led them to subdue China(Document I). While it is recognizable that the conquest of China was through terrorism, attaining that area opened numerous doors for commerce. As China was a treasure to travelers such as Marco Polo, the Great Khan Kubilai welcomed the traveler to bring Christians with him(Document H). This displays the Mongol characteristic of adaptation and acceptance towards new cultures and ideas, implementing diversity. When the Mongols conquered most of Asia, including China and Persia, they also gained control of the continental caravan routes, which were essential to their lucrative commerce(Document J). It is a misconception that the Mongols, a successful empire that excelled in it varied commerce and trade, was barbaric due to the mature level of tolerance required for peaceful public
The Mongols had traded for centuries with border posts and had recieved gifts and money from Chinese courts (Document I). With this said, this meant that the Mongols weren’t completely barbaric as they were described to be. If they could maintain trade with other countries it meant they weren’t bloodthirsty and crazy. Mongols built canals to improve transportation and communication (Document J). This meant that Mongols cared for more than just conquering and destroying cities, that they were actually civilized. Many different careers flourished under Mongol rule. For example, the arts, winemaking, and silk-making industries thrived because of the Mongols love for art, wine, and their contacts to China (Document J). Another major innovation that was created was the Pax Mongolica. The Pax Mongolica protected the tax free customs zones that helped Persia, Armenia-Georgia, Asia, and China prosper (Document J). If they were fully barbaric they would of just conquer and pillage those places instead of letting them prosper under the Pax Mongolica. Besides all those non-barbaric customs, the safety mongols felt under their empire was
To conclude my essay, I hope you understand more about Genghis Khan. I also hope you understand my argument on why he made negative impacts on the world. He killed, raped and stole from millions of people, no person 's life should be put in danger because of one 's power over you or belief. For those reasons you should understand the negative impacts Ghengis Khan had made to the
Obvious negative effects of the invasions were immediately evident such as death counts and destroyed property. But slowly peace was restored as the Mongol rule spread to much of the known world. Needed changes began occurring such as the Silk Road was reopened by the Mongols. The Mongols introduced gunpowder and the importance of written language. They contributed considerable to the commerce of both China and the Middle East as they once again began trading and exporting their goods and
Genghis Khan ambles through the streets of peaceful Karakorum, greeting all his steadfast warriors. Among the Mongols are thousands of Chinese, Russians, Polish, Hungarians, and many more flooding the streets. Ordinarily, all of these people are going somewhere: to the glorious temples, the bustling markets, or to the distinguished Genghis Khan walking through his empire. The Mongol Empire, built with Genghis 's own blood, sweat, and unyielding perseverance, was what he dreamed the world could be, what he believed it would be. Genghis Khan led the Mongols not just to victory but assisted in the development of our world today. Moreover, the Mongols were a civilized nation because of the peaceful reign called Pax Mongolica, Khan 's religious tolerance, and their ingenious
However, by 1000 CE, the European political leaders were already improving and became politically more stable than before because of the Mongol exchange. The Mongols trade from the East to the West, global trade expanded sharply under the Mongol Empire. Exchanges during the Mongol era by the Christian missionaries, Italian merchants and European diplomats. Intellectual exchanges of art and knowledge were continuous. Historian Jack Weatherford stated in his book that “The Mongols made culture portable: it was not enough to merely exchange goods, because whole systems of knowledge had to also be transported in order to use many of the new products” For example, drugs were not profitable unless one knew its medical
They conquered nearly all of Asia and achieved the dream of controlling the continental caravan routes from China to Persia (Doc J). The Mongol Empire made significant contributions to the political institutions, economic development, and cultural diversity of many lands (Doc J). In both China and Persia the Mongols had taken up homes among their subjects and blended with the local societies which led to the diversified economic development (Doc J). Mongol emperors built canals to improve transportation and communication also the silk industry benefited from the Mongol conquest. When visited by travelers the Mongols were known to have harsh laws on theft make them very trustworthy to trade with (Doc K). The Security of the Mongol trading was so good that you could leave your things unattended and come back to them. Kubilai Khan’s rule also helped to shape the empire and improve the stability. He put new legal systems in which reduced capital crimes by half (Doc H). Also the fine arts blossomed during the reign of the Mongols (Doc H). The Mongol empire may of have a “barbaric” start but the conquest proves to help central Asia than
Genghis Khan a revered warlord by some, and feared by many. Genghis Khan has ruled a vast empire, a crazy twelve million square miles which had continued to spread until his death. His empire was so vast from all the land and people he conquered, it has been said that one in two hundred men are direct descendants of Genghis Khan, which is quite a plausible claim. Everywhere Genghis Khan marched, troops followed and cities were razed. Many trembled in fear to surrender to his ranks, others who did not die merciless deaths. Genghis Khan stood for everything Niccolo Machiavelli advocated for. Niccolo Machiavelli was a philosopher of the Renaissance age, born in Florence, Italy. Niccolo wrote a book named The Prince which has gained quite some
The Pax Mongolica was one of the first and most significant peace areas created, forced by power, changing the lives and experiences of the people in that vast region. The agreement helped people who had been enemies for many years work, trade and thrive together. This peace agreement between the Mongols and many other countries, including those of their own empire, helped merchants feel protected and safe while traveling, allowing them to expand the area in which they sold products. It also helped congregate people of different cultures that were ruled by Genghis Khan, the Mongol leader. New systems were made and old systems were adapted to, to create the Pax Mongolica. Some policies allowed for the Muslims to create the Pax Mongolica and they did it affect Europe and Asia greatly.
As the grandson of Genghis Khan, I stand as a defending witness in this trial to show that he and his other descendants, including myself are indeed a civilized conquerors and rulers in the 13th and 14th centuries. Being that I am Genghis Khan’s grandson, I am the successor of the Mongolian Empire. I am most known for the establishment of the Yuan Dynasty in China. In the field, I stressed to generals, the precepts of mentors, which is the importance and effectiveness of clemency towards the conquered. In order to run my realm, I combined many aspects of Mongol and Chinese leaders into the government. In addition, I am very tolerant of other religions, while in reign, I embraced religions like Islam and Buddhism. In the same way, Genghis