Human Rights Violations In Rohingya

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Rohingya refugees

Abstract

The aim of this thesis is to analyze the human rights violations against one minority group in Myanmar, which is the Rohingya. This thesis is organized in ~ sections, and the scope of this thesis will be from the early 21st century till now.

In section 1, "Background of the Ethnic and Religious Conflict," sets the stage for understanding this problem from pre colonial times to 1999,including an introduction to the Rohingyas explaining who they are and the reasons for their exclusion from the country. Section 2, "Ethnic Cleansing and Genocide Against the Rohingya" will examine the implicit government policies that target the Rohingya for extermination. This chapter will therefore analyze Myanmar's political, economic, and socio-cultural intolerance for the Rohingya that have made them stateless and forced them to flee from Myanmar for security in their neighboring states such as Bangladesh, Thailand, and Malaysia. Section 3, "Protecting the Rohingya," challenges the international community to pursue all means available to end the abuse of the Rohingya. The final chapter 5, “Peacebuilding for Ending the Plight of the Rohingya,"
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After the killings of nine border police in October 2016, the troops started pouring into villages in the Rakhine State. For this attack, the Burmese government justified it by blaming it on what they called “fighters from an armed Rohingya group” and that their attack was to protect the rest of the country(A,Jazeera). Since this violence erupted,human rights groups have documented fires burning in at least 10 areas of the Rakhine State. More than 500,000 people have fled the violence, with thousands trapped in a no-man's land between the two countries, according to the UN refugee agency (UNHCR). During the crackdown, government troops were accused of an array of human rights abuses, including extrajudicial killing, rape and arson, which government denied
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