Recently over the previous decades, concussions have increasingly received attention in the world of sports. A concussion is a serious head injury that can happen to any player, and in just about any sport. Indeed, it has been happening to a countless number of athletes for centuries. However, it is also important to note that a concussion can also take place outside of sports, meaning it can happen to anybody. For instance, there have been incidents where a person tripped while running, fell, and the impact of their head’s contact with the ground has caused a concussion. Or, in a car accident many front-seat passengers, or even the driver, have slammed their heads against the dashboard/steering wheel, also possibly resulting in a concussion.
What is the medial collateral ligament (MCL)? The MCL is one of the main four ligaments that is part of the knee. This ligament is a broad, thick band that runs down the inner part of the knee, from the femur to the top of the tibia, but is located outside the joint itself. The job of the MCL is to support the knee with the help of the other ligaments in the knee. When stress is applied to this ligament it aids control in transferring the join through a normal range of motion. Also, the MCL prevents an anterior movement of the tibia and hyperextension. Other roles of the MCL include joint proprioception, when stretched beyond limits. The MCL is understood as being the most common ligament injury of the knee. While the MCL plays an important
HEENT: Head is normocephalic; PERRLA, EOMs intact, sclera clear, conjunctiva unremarkable. TM’s dull, grey, with cone of light reflex bil. Nares patent, oral mucosa pink and moist. All teeth present except final set of molars upper and lower. Good dental hygiene.
With the rising popularity of sports; hockey, football, and, skiing, the Medial Cruciate Ligament of the knee, is the top-rated injury of the ligaments in the knee. It doesn’t necessarily have to include sports, but rather focuses on the valgus stress or force to the knee. A valgus force is blow with a severe force to the lateral portion of the knee, and is paired with the term sprain. The MCL constricts abduction of the knee, and constricts external rotation of the tibia on the femur. With this, the medical cruciate ligament functions to stabilize the knee against lateral or valgus forces.
Paget disease is a condition that makes the bones grow faster than normal. This leads to bones that are larger and weaker than normal. Healthy bones rebuild themselves by destroying old bone and replacing it with new bone tissue. This process usually slows down as a person gets older. If you have Paget disease, the process speeds up instead. As a result, your bones become weaker and larger. The new bone tissue may have more blood vessels. These changes can cause the bone to have an abnormal shape (deformity). These bones may bend or break more easily than healthy bones.
The article is titled the adjunctive role imagery on the functional rehabilitation of a grade II ankle sprain by Anna Christakou, Yannis Zervas, and David Lavallee. The purpose of the study was to see if imagery had a positive effect along with physical therapy on improving muscular endurance, dynamic balance, and functional stability on athletes who suffered from grade II ankle sprains.
HISTORY OF PRESENT ILLNESS: Dewayne is here for a three week recheck of his left medial tibial plateau fracture. He has been nonweightbearing as instructed and wearing a hinged knee brace, while working on his range of motion. He notes that he has some occasional achiness but overall has noted improvement in his overall pain control. He has been going to physical therapy twice a week and is tolerating these exercises well. [ 1:00 Even with therapy, Vicoprofen once or twice a day on days when he uses physical therapy.] He notes no other new problems or conditions and his happy with his progress thus far.
Projections at CJJT differ from other sites. If you do not have a total knee replacement, the projection they do is a “four view knee” which is an AP/PA, PA tunnel view, lateral, and sunrise. If you do have a total or a partial knee replacement, they do a “three view knee” which is an AP/PA, lateral, and sunrise. A 65-year-old female came into the clinic in a wheelchair and could hardly stand on either leg. She stated she had a left total knee replacement and still couldn’t bare to stand on it. The physician wanted to take a look at both knees and since she had one total knee replacement and nothing done to the other knee the physician ordered a bilateral PA, tunnel and sunrise knees with additional images of a lateral on each knee. Once I was done taking those images, I went and got the technologist, Lori Huffman (who is also the CI) who approved my images.
Answer 1 a) Female, primary, age 75 Cause of amputation P.V.D. General muscular weakness Medium length stump in good condition The female is 75 years old and have general muscular weakness, with stump in good condition. It puts patient in K1 scale level. Quadrilateral socket with socks, stability is primary in this case, because of P.
The development and patterns of overuse injury in running are interesting from a biomechanics perspective. Clinical data reveals that a few runners are repeatedly injured while others are injured infrequently (Cavanagh 1990). A unilateral pattern of injury development is accepted in that injury frequently develops and grows in only one side, in spite of the cycle nature of running. In consideration these observations raise the question whether some individuals are inclined to or at greater risk of injury (McGinnis 1999). Patterns of running injury suggest that the risk of injury is very much related to the interactions among the individual, the task, and the environment, or intrinsic and extrinsic factors.
Based on the subjective and objective data S.T.’s health care provider orders an x-ray of the right knee and after reading the x-ray, recommends S.T. have a right knee arthroscopy with possible debridement in order to visualize the contents of the knee to determine the cause of the pain and identify treatment options. What should you explain to S.T. about these procedures?