Introduction: The Anterior Cruciate Ligament Problem: Do gastrocnemius/soleus and hamstring tendon strains change the biomechanics of running in athletes and increase the risk of ACL tears? Rationale: To determine if multiple witnessed ACL tears post calf strains were a coincidence or if these injuries increase the risk of ligament tears due to a change in biomechanics. Hypothesis: Gastrocnemius/soleus and hamstring strains increase the risk of ACL tears. Review of Background The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is located deep inside the knee joint and connects the femur to the tibia. It is given the name “cruciate” because it runs in the opposite direction of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), forming an “x” or cross pattern.
Although this surgery is more common, it also can have dangerous altercations if the heel-cord is over lengthened. If the heel-cord is over lengthened the individual would start walking on their heels, which is worse that walking on tip-toes (Orthopaedic Surgery, 2014). Another type of surgery is called Arthodesis. This is used to correct flat feet. This is where the surgeon fuses the three main joint located in the back of the feet to strengthen the feet, correct the shape, and relieve pain (NHS Choices,
Your hip area may also be cleaned if your fracture requires a bone graft that is taken from your hipbone. • The surgeon will make a cut (incision) through your skin to expose the areas of the fracture. • The broken bones will be put back into their normal positions. The surgeon will use screws, screws and a metal plate, or different types of wiring to hold the bones in place. • If a bone graft is being used, a small incision might be made over your hip to remove a piece of bone and place it into your knee for support.
The patient mostly comes with pain at the sacrum region and radiates to the extension sciatic nerve. More symptoms can occur as: pain aggravates with activity, abnormal gain (antalegic gate), numbness of the leg, and pain if rising from squatting. The Piriformis muscle spasm may appears as a palpable mass in the buttock area (Chaitow L, 1998). The Prifiormis syndrome can lead to some complications as the swelling and the DVT due to the entrapment of the nerves and blood vessels (Bustamante & Houlton, 2001). The ROM of the hip showed normal muscle joint integrity where there was no limited movement due to Piriformis spam.
Chondromalacia. Chondromalacia happens when the cartilage under the kneecap softens, inflicting agony and stiffness. Young ladies are greatly at risk of contracting chondromalacia. Anti-inflammatory drugs are almost always prescribed to alleviate the symptoms. Physical medication will also be precious to enhance the quadriceps muscle
It’s filled with a substances known as synovial fluid that helps with lubrication to in which helps reduce friction between the femur and the tibia during flexing and extensions of the knee. The joint surfaces of the femur and tibia are covered with hyaline cartilage that also helps to reduce friction between the tibia and femur. 6: When there is a fracture a blood clot forms and when those blood vessels are ruptured it send out a signal for phagomatic cells to come to the area and rid the area of dying or damaged cells. Fibroblasts and osteoblasts to come to the area and help with releasing bone forming cells. Case # 2 1: A complete communicated fracture is a fracture that not has been broken in two but the bones have shattered into pieces.
Inflammation or damage to the muscular tissues hooked up to the joint can create issues throughout the movement, infected tendons mainly as a result of tendinitis or swelling of brusaes due to trochanteric bursitis may also purpose slight to severe joint ache within the hip. Osteonecrosis can also be one of the vital fashioned explanations for hip joint ache which happens when there is inadequate blood supply to any part of the skeletal structure of the joint. The other motives for hip joint discomfort are muscle pulls, and fractures either instantly of the bones worried within the joint or to the femur and stress fractures which occur as a result of over use of the joint particularly through athletes or sportspersons. Many varieties of arthritis may motive hip anguish as they are able to infect tissues and muscle tissue and also damage the brusaes to preclude smooth motion of femur in the acetabulum and of muscle groups and
The Rotator Cuff injury effects the muscles on the dorsum of the scapula and the iriceps brachii. It is a group of tendons that surround the shoulder joint and can be damaged/injured easily. The Rotator cuff can be injured to different extents. They can range from simple inflation to complete or partial tears. Fist aid treatment for the injury can range from surgery and the physiotherapy to ice and a break off sport.
What is runners knee? "Also known as patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). Runners knee is pain under and just a little above or below the knee. The causes for this condition very from overuse, injury, excess weight, a kneecap that is not properly aligned," LeBauer, A. (n.d.) This kind of injuries treatment mainly calls for strengthening the hips and core region, and listening to the body, knowing when to slow down or stop, one can take over the counter pain medicine.
Concussions can also be a problem for the future. Concussions can lead to future brain diseases like CTE. Concussions aren’t the only injury that is common in sports like football. Knee injuries like tearing your ACL. Tearing your ACL could cause knee problems for the rest of your life.
However, for those who experience the severe symptoms associated with social anxiety disorder (SAD), the quality of their athletic performance will often suffer from (Cuncic, pg 1). Lastly their visualization for them can be but it can sometimes help strength in your body but imagining is very well for the athletes so that they can compete their goals. For instance, “Many elite athletes use visualization to improve performance, develop confidence, and manage anxiety. Visualization, also known as imagery or mental rehearsal, involves imagining yourself successfully competing at an athletic event.” from (Cuncic, pg 1). So in conclusion competitive sports can be rough and dangerous overall towards all.
Musculoskeletal Diseases Musculoskeletal diseases can cause both major or minor physical disabilities that can be critical. Some musculoskeletal diseases don 't have a cure but there are many treatment options. Two examples of Musculoskeletal diseases are Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone and Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy. Fibrous Dysplasia is a genetic disease that is characterized by bone pain deformities and fractures that involve one or more bones. Fibrous Dysplasia is associated with osteoblastic defects along with increased bone resorption.
As we age, the discs in our spine can wear, begin to bulge, and become narrowed. These changes can put strain on the cartilage, ligaments, and joints at the involved level of the spine and may cause pain. The narrowing of the disc also results in narrowing of the space between the spinal joints, called the "facet" joints. Weight-bearing forces on the joints increase because of these disc changes. As a result, the cartilage covering the joint surface can begin to fray and wear away over time.
o A sudden increase in walking or a sporting activity can also be a contributing factor. A classical example is a post man who returned to work after a period away from the job can develop this condition. o A tight plantar fascia (this is often caused by tight calf muscles). o Excessive flattening of the arch on weight bearing. o Biomechanical problems (walking abnormalities) are a major cause of plantar fasciitis.
Often the professional activities and sports can affect the evolution of the disease. For instance, it is found frequently osteoarthritis of the shoulder, elbow and hand in those who are involved the use of jackhammers. In any case it is to be aware of other causes, such as the age, which entails a loss of elasticity and the onset of osteoporosis. There are some diseases that affect the endocrine system and which may be considered influential, such as diabetes mellitus and gout. Obesity is an important risk factor.