2.2.5 History of development in GIS A GIS (geographic or geospatial information system) is a modern extension of traditional cartography with one fundamental similarity and two essential differences. The similarity lies in the fact that both a cartographic document and a GIS contain examples of a base map to which additional data can be added. The differences are that there is no limit to the amount of additional data that can be added to a GIS map and secondly the GIS uses analysis and statistics to present data in support of particular arguments which a cartographic map cannot do. Cartographic maps are often extremely simplified as there are limits to the amount of data that can be physically and meaningfully stored on a small map. There
1. Define the following terms: GIS; A geographic information system is system made to capture, store, manipulate, analyse, manage, and present spatial or geographical data. FOSS; Free or Open Source Software. FOSS programs have licenses that allow users to freely run the program for any purpose, modify the program as they want, and also to freely distribute copies of either the original version or their own modified version. ILWIS; Integrated Land and Water Information System is a GIS / Remote sensing software for both vector and raster processing.
Managers can manipulate the DSS to show them the projected results of various options the management may take going forward. DSS use information from TPS and MIS within the company as well as external knowledge bases e.g current stock exchange prices or prices of competing products when coming to their decisions. They are extremely useful as they give an unbiased view of how a company can hope to progress given alternative courses of action taken by the managers, e. g cash flow projections, budgeting Executive Information Systems (EIS) go beyond the capabilities of conventional DSS. They provide information and support for strategic long term planning in a company using the most advanced and sophisticated IT. EIS are used to help solve novel problems within a company or help decide if a novel opportunity for growth or change in the company should be grasped or not.
Ethics also play a role as to if GMOs are beneficial to society because many consider it to be immoral to alter God's creations. Sadly, many are left uneducated as to what GMO is and what it does to benefit the consumer. Despite the negatives of GMOs there are far too many beneficial advantages that GMOs potentially could bring to the table. GMOs have many positive aspects that can tackle many problems the world is facing right now such as world hunger and human malnourishment. The fact that GMOs allows scientists to create products that are disease resistant and give scientists the ability to infuse them with various nutrients is an amazing feat.
GPS (GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM) ABSTRACT: In this paper, some of the ideas of navigating and positioning has been possible by using GPS (Global Positioning System). This paper provides the use of enclosing the GPS receiver in the different areas of precise positioning, locating the maps, navigating across the mapped locations very easily. The purpose of this paper is to exhibit the actuality that incurred in designing a position and navigation system, which can be used as a dynamic compass, driving to any mapped destination, providing the data about places which are near our location, tourist attractions, petrol pumps etc. As the GPS technology introduced it makes possibility of tracking user location on the earth in the form Longitude, Latitude, Altitude etc. Using the set of 24-32 satellite in the orbit and base
I am having dubious feelings for the success of the geomapping of offender residences idea. The GIS applications enable the crime agencies and the society and as a result, they would be having more knowledge on criminals and statistics and visual depiction serve as a good benchmark for mapping crime and criminal preferred location. Due to which, in my judgment, sex offenders will look for isolated places due to the presence of the geomapping implementation. But, this in turn, would also be beneficial for the criminals to carry out crime activities within least mapped areas. Also, technology and managerial efforts’ failures are conceivable and it can be crucial in certain circumstances.
But later on it is available for the civilian use also. GPS has become an effective tool in the field of science, commerce, surveillance and tracking. GPS is used everywhere except in locations where it is difficult to detect the signal for e.g., underwater, subterranean location, inside the building and caves. 184.108.40.206) Civilian Applications • Navigation – Used by navigators for orientation and precise velocity measurements. • Geotagging – Map overlays can be created by applying location coordinates to photographs and other kind of documents.
It is very well documented and includes valuable suggestions on when to use what kind of visual data representation. Our visualization software supports fast, efficient visual data discovery for real-time streaming and historical time series data and can handle databases of any size. Visual monitoring and analysis software supports effective and timely decision making. It's easy to synthesize, present and share results with colleagues and customers. These information visualization tools allow users to work productively and make better, more profitable
Geographic locations has its limitations because some services are location-based and for these services to be accessed by the user, the use of the appropriate localization technology is very important. There are currently three types of localization systems: satellite-supported, cellular-supported and indoor localization systems. A satellite-based global positioning system (GPS) - is the most widely used localizations and navigation system, that was implemented the United States Department of Defence for the military and has been used worldwide since 1998. Cell ID identiﬁes the base station to which a mobile telephone has established a connection, and thereby determines the location of the mobile user. The position of a mobile telephone may be determined in some circumstances, through a process known as triangulation.