Introduction The Iranian Revolution in 1979 is regarded as one of the most influential events in the aggregate history of Iran. It was a catalyst in the history of Iran because many great changes occurred in this time period from 1979 onwards. The Iranian Revolution was a nationalist, populist, and Shi'a Islamic revolution that replaced the dictatorial monarchy with an Islamic republic. Pre-revolutionary Iran was run by Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, and was called the Pahlavi dynasty, who was supported by the United States of America. The demonstrations against the Shah began in October 1977 in which expanded into civil resistance against the Shah which was driven by religious elements.
Thus, the exceptionality of the 1979 Iranian Revolution emphasizes the influence of religion and its role and contribution in revolutions and revolutionary ideology. The oppressed majority of Iranians, consist of mainly of Shiites, may well sympathize with Shariati’s form of Shiism which defined the religion as, “the struggle for justice against foreign rule, tyranny, feudalism, and exploitation (Brandis, 2009).” Also, the U.S.-Iranian relations went downhill after the revolution. In fact, Khomeini accused the U.S. of exploiting Iran’s resources. This exploitation from the west forced Iranians to take part in a revolution where many Iranians had to die and killed by the repressive Shah regime (Wise, 2011; Shadmehr,
As a community, the Iranian citizens “wanted only one thing: his departure!” (41). This mutual drive for the Shah’s departure led to “the country [having] the biggest celebration of its history” (42) the day the Shah left. The country of Iran, including the Satrapi family, was brought together by their shared lack of respect for Reza
Marjane Satrapi a young girl who lived during the revolution in Iran gives us a glimpse of her life in a comic. The Iranian Revolution of 1978-1979 is also called as the Islamic revolution.There are many things that one can compare the encyclopedia and historic information from what I have read from The Complete Persepolis. As well as the things that differ from the information and from the book. In 1978 it marked the beginning of many political and religious disturbance in Iran. The Iranian Revolution has a history of chaos in order to put power in the hands of the people.
Furthermore, the dissimilarities of government the western industry has from the eastern as the audience sees the political conflict among humanity and the theocratic government over independence. Marjane Satrapi compares Iran’s system of government as a bicycle; for instance, the bicyclist symbolizes the government that makes jurisdiction for the wheels which represents the public. This is diverse from eastern nations such as the United States of America that is governed in a democratic government. The spectators in the United States would have an unalike reaction than individuals in Iran. Another different aspect is the sexual characteristics roles in Iran; in Marjane Satrapi’s standpoint the audience perceives the transition mainly on women as it takes the reader into her outlook.
Abrahamian points out the similarities between the Iran-Iraq War and World War I, most notably due to the use of chemical weapons and the tactics of trench warfare (171). Both Iran and Iraq suffered major consequences from eight years of warfare: great damage had been done to their infrastructure, economies, societal structures and service industries (Donovan 39). "Eight years of bloody war, with hundreds of thousands of casualties on each side, ended with the two sides basically in the same position as they had been when the war had begun" (Gause
The Iranian contention that the film is a propaganda exercise is borne out in the opening scenes. The opening scene is a historical recount that explains the main aspects of Iranian history that influenced demonstrators to seize the US embassy in 1979. The historical recount includes the fact that Former Shah, Mohammed Reza Pahlavi arrived in America for medical treatment, which sparked anger among the Iranian population. According to many Iranians he began “an era of torture and fear” and attempted to “Westernize” Iran, proving to be “puppet of the west” and bringing hatred to America . Iranian’s wanted the Shah to be returned to Iran and tried for his crimes.
However, congress and senate can limit the power of the president. The current president of the United States of America is Barrack Obama. The President of Iran is the highest elected official and heads the government. However, the president has to answer to the Supreme Leader of Iran, who is the head of state of Iran. In chapter IX of the Islamic Republic of Iran’s constitution, the powers of the president are laid out.
Pre-Islamic Iranian culture and its effect on Islamic civilization and Arabic literature Most of us think that Iranian pre-Islamic culture and literature was totally destroyed with the invasion of the Arabs and a new culture, separate from that of the past developed under the influence of Islamic culture. But, it seems implausible that the literature and culture of people with thousands of years of history could become totally ruined or transformed in such short period and “people would fall into ignorance and bewilderment, until they reenter the world of knowledge and literature, after a long time, with the aid of other elements, and in a different manner.” On the contrary, a quick look at the history of the first centuries after the entrance
Methodology This research is a detailed analysis of family identity and reputation in Iran which people are so concerned about their family face. 3.1. Participants A total of 40 individuals both men and women in various ages, (teenagers and adults), who are members of Iranian families with different social classes (working class, the middle class, lower-upper class), and educational levels, with distinct attitudes towards family face and identity also various cultural background, participated in the main survey. 3.2. Instruments Instruments utilized for current subject are voice or video recorder and identity charts which can help individuals and families consider many items that shape who they are as an individual or a family.