He states, “My thesis is simple: the shift from Indian to European dominance in New England entailed important changes- well known to historians- in the ways these peoples organized their lives, but it is also involved fundamental reorganizations- less well known to historians- in the region’s plant and animal communities” (Cronon Preface). Many of these changes, however, contribute to the ecology in a negative way. This is due to not only the wildlife that surrounded them, but how the people lived (Cronon Preface). Cronon stated throughout the book that the Indians were preservative with their land and how they kept it. However, the Europeans took the Indians’ methods to increase soil nutrients and destroy plant diseases and pests, such as, “annual burnings” (Cronon 90) and drastically increased the intensity and speed at which they were performing it.
The fertilizers used to grow cotton can foul the air and pollute water sources such as rivers. Once the rivers are polluted it affects the wildlife and can even lead the fish and other species to death. Cotton production doesn’t drastically decrease wildlife living in the area but it can harm and kill it. Large subsidies in EU and American farmers have made it so that Mali is not receiving a fair price for cotton. Cotton should be helping Malians out of poverty but the subsidies are causing problems.
With the economy growth, colonies turned to promote a modern environmental development of the New World. The settlers developed architectural buildings, roads, dams, towns, cities, schools, amenities and more great traveling routes across the colonies. Development changed the geographical landscape of the new world which is an environmental factor. For instances, trees were cut down, some animals wander away to a different environment. For example, the number of
A cultural system is as robust as it is open to the outside and engages in exchange, cross-reference, and hybridization. It is the fear of others that confines people within their habits, preventing their knowledge of diversity, and causing them to reject what is not customary. Diet is one of the elements of social life most sensitive to changes in the surrounding context. Migration has always produced innovations and transformations in indigenous food traditions. Suffice it to consider the spread of tomatoes, potatoes, tea, and coffee in the dietary habits of Europeans to understand the transformations that have occurred through trade and the movement of people and things.
Culture is a flexible and intangible yet concrete that you can feel its existence. I will say culture is a crucial factor that keeps the development of a society sustainable. Different degree of things can also be affected by culture, such as food, language, education, traditions… Culture can also be influenced and changed and geography is a salient factor that affects the development and formation of a culture. The development of a culture is always determined where it is situated. For example, people who lives in Africa or places where hunting is the only way to get the source of food, they will most likely to be athletic and good runners.
A third solution is teaching people how to grow food in their specific environment. If hungry people could just grow their food it would be much easier. Here are some pros to this solution, It would reduce the amount of hunger in this world, it would teach other people how to care for themselves, and it would provide jobs for people who can teach others. Sadly, there are also some cons to this solution. A few of them are that farming takes up land, flying people to other parts of the world to teach them is expensive, we would have to install irrigation systems, and people may fight over farmland.
Climate at the time was very important for them because it depended on their lives to either live a good life or a bad one. Climate is important for farming because “tells the farmers when the right time is to plant some of their crops when they need it” (National Climate Data Center). If the farmers did not know what climate was the farmers would not know what season it is and they would plant the wrong crops at the wrong time which means they would lose those crops. “In hot weather some crops can grow and those that are included are beans, corn,cucumbers, melons, peppers, and tomatoes. In the cold weather there are also some crops that can grow which are rice and sugarcane” (Bonnie Plants).
Along with food, water, and shelter, the air we breathe is essential to life. If we do not have clean air to breathe, we will become ill and even die. If we do not prioritize the air we breathe, the pollution tragedies such as what happened in Delhi last November 2016 and the Southern Plains during the Dust Bowl of the 1930s will strike again. Humans’ indifference, attempts to improve their life, or both. Sometimes when people try to improve human life, they end up harming it; in finding solutions to these man-made problems, we must consider short and long term solutions.
Geography is the study of Earth’s features such as terrain, climate, vegetation, soil, and other physical characteristics. These features affect the way that civilizations grow and survive. Civilizations need to be near areas that can provide them with food, water, and supplies to flourish and sustain themselves. Whether the civilizations survived or not was based on their geography and therefore determined their fate and history. The Eastern Woodlands covered the eastern part of North America and had many plants that people lived off of.
Therefore, there are several causes and negative effects of environmental degradation provided in this essay with some recommendations to prevent it. According to www.conserve-energy-future.com, the first factor causing environmental degradation is overpopulation. Rinkesh, World’s Top Eco-Conscious Bloggers and website owner, stated that overpopulation leads to excessive consumption of goods and necessities which impacts natural resources. This is because more people demand more food, clothes, shelter and fuel. Because of this demand, their living space needs to be expanded in order to grow food and provide homes for people.
As I mentioned before regarding the depleted resources, new ways were mandatory in order to put a plug on the famine that spread. Using their geographical location, they created trade networks within the surrounding rivers. This is one of various examples which supports the advanced cities characteristic. Being blessed with the resource of Rich soil, the Mesopotamian people made sure they would use and preserve such resource. Then farms were made to use the soil in making crops for food.