Geopolitics In International Relations

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In a world where there is much to know, there are also many ways of knowing Claims to one particular way of knowing have frequently been exposed as either misrepresenting or excluding a variety of histories, places and contemporary experiences. Feminist commentators have been highly influential in exposing the faction that there is a particular place from which one could get a God’s eye view of the world’ . Thus, the claim of the modern geopolitical writer to survey the world independently of ideology or prejudice would be considered intellectually dubious as well as arrogant. This does not mean, however, that we are unable to make any kind of meaningful statement about the world around us. Rather, it implies that we need to consider…show more content…
Understanding the political world depends to a great extent on how we define that world in the first place. A point which will be reiterated is that there is no one overwhelming consensus concerning geopolitics. Geopolitics is an intellectually contested field. Some commentators concentrate on the geographical significance of the nation- state and the international system while other focus on the globalization of world politics. In the spirit of intellectual openness, I should declare for the record that my sympathies lie with ‘critical geopolitics’ and as such I am critical of much of the academic legacy of traditional geopolitics, which has tended to be preoccupied with geographical problem solving and the proffering policy advice to national governments (see below). I also believed that the institutions of the nation-state, while not being overwhelmed by transboundary flows and processes, nonetheless have had to address and confront an increasingly unruly world. The capacities of states, however clearly vary and inequalities of power, access and influence need to be acknowledged. What is important, regardless of which particular understanding one adopts in attempting to interpret global political spaces, is the recognition that these positions will have implications for understanding…show more content…
Critical thinking poses questions such as how current situations come to exist or how power works to sustain particular contexts. Critical geopolitical writers, in contrast to realist observers, argue that the assumption of a detached and objective researcher recording the observable realities of international politics is fallacious. Far from being objective, the research perspective of realism often contributes to the presentation of a view, which appears to legitimate the power politics of states. In contrast, critical approaches to world politics would suggest that unless one challenges or question contemporary structures and power relations then academic approaches run the risk of merely condoning existing practices. Critical geopolitical scholars now acknowledge that their approaches to world politics are self-consciously situated within a body of conceptual and methodological assumptions about the world. The theories on world politics are not detached from the world we seek to describe and explain, and by acknowledge this point critical theorists may contribute to the development of practical ideas regarding progressive social and political change and how it can be promoted (see Table

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