Isocrates and Aristotle both believed in the influence of sound rhetoric; furthermore, they insist upon a strategic education to further what they consider to be true rhetoric. The usefulness of rhetoric was undisputed. Sophists believed that educated men could convince the world of anything, and Aristotle and Isocrates knew that persuasion was applicable to every subject. The difference between men like Isocrates and Aristotle and the sophists was the search for truth. As a result of their philosophy behind rhetoric, they taught rhetoric differently.
Servant Leadership in Diverse Context Servant leadership is the greatest paradoxical combination of these two contrasting words, which comes to the conclusion that the greatest leader is the one who has the desire and motivation to help others. Robert K. Greenleaf, the author who launched the movement of modern servant leadership, wrote that this principle comes from the natural feeling that one wants to serve in the first place, as the major indicator of his noble character. Servant leadership is holistic in nature, multidimensional and can be expressed differently by distinctive cultures and religions all over the world, since everyone’s worldview is shaped by their religion and culture. In this paper, I will examine how the principle
We all react differently to situations in life, based on personal experience. Dr. Carl Rogers developed the person-centered approach through his belief that every person should fully accept their true selves in order to reach self-actualization. Throughout this essay, I will analyze the person-centered approaches to personality, compare the person centered theory to Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, outline its main components and identify which theory I relate to the most and why. Psychologist Dr. Carl Rogers developed the person-centered approach theory. Rogers believed that in order for a person to gain self-acceptance, they would have to feel unconditionally accepted by others.
Ralph Waldo Emerson, a renowned transcendentalist, shared many universal truths during the period of Transcendentalism, which further advocated the ideals of the period. This maxim in particular expresses that your own identity and perspective of the world is what is most important in the end. Emerson states that nothing is as important as you, regarding the path you choose and the ideals you create for yourself. In other words, Emerson encourages people to not succumb to society's expectations of who a person should be, but instead live a lifestyle you desire to live. This maxim particularly expresses the theme of individuality and enforces society to be their own.
Immanuel Kant (1724 - 1804) was a central figure in modern philosophy. He made a big influence on the metaphysics epistemology, ethics, political philosophy, aesthetics that we study now, and he also set terms for the nineteenth and twentieth century philosophy. “He eliminated reason and made room for faith.” He once said, “All our knowledge begins with the senses, proceeds then to the understanding, and ends with reason. There is nothing higher than reason.” Kant also wrote a book that revolved around answering the question “What is Enlightenment?”, and in his writing he mentioned how he believed that humans gave themselves moral law, which is the reason of their belief in God, freedom, and immortality. He theorized that all humans are born with innate “experiences” that relate to the world, giving them each perspective.
Henry David Thoreau is one of the most influential, and most brilliant people to ever walk on the face of the earth. He embodies the transcendentalist ideas that many of the most famous writers in the world share. Transcendentalism is the philosophy of looking at every person as an individual and how important and divine each soul truly is. The way that the world in the middle 1800’s, the time in which Thoreau was in his prime for writing, was that a person learned from his encounters and how that individual reacted to it. Transcendentalists believed in the spirituality of the world in order learn new things: “They rejected the widely accepted notion that man’s knowledge came primarily through the senses.
Emerson's "Nature" is an essay, which sets down the foundation of transcendentalism. According to Emerson, "Our age is retrospective" (Emerson 125), we must not look in the past for ideas, but we need to search in the present for answers. This is one of the major parts of Emerson's view of transcendentalism, because individuals are encouraged to create ideas on their own. In "Self-Reliance" Emerson highlights the importance to stay true to oneself and avoid conformity. In the first line, Emerson defines the ideal transcendentalist, "Man is his own star, and the soul that can render and honest and a perfect man" (130).
This quote further exemplifies that philosophers stressed the importance of thinking for yourself. What Diderot wrote is similar to what Thomas Paine believed as well. Paine claims that “it is necessary to the happiness of man, that he be mentally faithful to himself,” which shows that thinking with reason was what most philosophes strived to accomplish (The Age of Reason:
It also should be noted that he believed that power is the only thing that matters and how to hold that power. Machiavelli has clearly started a lot of thought on how the school of Realism operates. Though his view on humans and some of his methods may be extreme, The Prince and the Discourses shows a lot of insight on what do if a prince wants to hold his power and what action should be done to do