“When they had finished their confessions, the dogs promptly tore their throats out...”. These executions show, the animals made false confessions because they were uneducated. In conclusion the author of Animal Farm, George Orwell, metaphorically explains that with knowledge and education comes great power, and this can be extremely dangerous if it falls into the hands of those who are self-serving. As you see throughout the story the pigs only benefit themselves, they get to kill their animals, and they break the rules for their own advantage. Therefore a lesson we take from this is, leaders are not always selfless, sometimes they abuse their power to benefit themselves.
The pigs change the commandments in order to cause a confusion within the animals. Confusion makes the animals dependent on the pigs namely Napoleon, who is kept in power by the animals and their confusion. In the book Animal Farm threats, executions, and the changing of commandments are all tactics that are used to stimulate fear into the minds of the animals. These strategies are all ways that the pigs insure that all the other animals will stay oppressed, and them in power. Napoleon and Squealer succeed in placing fear in the animals, and it holds true all the way to the end.
When the pigs suddenly declared that humans were not a threat, the feeling of loathing never left the animals. Even when the hardest and most loyal worker needed desperate medical attention, the thought of human doctors troubled his animal comrades. When reporting to the animals, Napoleon made it clear that he, “... was already making arrangements to send Boxer to be treated in the hospital at Willingdon. The animals felt a little uneasy at this” (Orwell 120). Since the animals had a strong distrust of all humans, the act of sending a loyal friend to be medically treated by them was against all logical thinking.
The animals’ desire to overthrow a man and gain freedom lead by the opinion that "Man is the only real enemy we have. Remove Man from the scene, and the root cause of hunger and overwork is abolished for ever. Man is the only creature that consumes without producing." (Orwell 1945:2) tricked them into idealistic concept of equality, believed in due to the ignorance of many of the farm inhabitants. Orwell satirizes the system of communism built on the belief that the autocracy is necessary until the superior beings take over the control, in this case the pigs.
One way he lied was by telling the other animals that he was going to send one of the horses on the farm, Boxer, to doctor to be treated for his sick lung. Napoleon made the other animals think that he was sending Boxer off to get better, but he was actually sending Boxer to a horse slaughterer to be killed. When Boxer was being loaded into the “ doctors” van one of the animals began to read what was on the side of the van. It read “ ‘ Alfred Simmonds, Horse Slaughterer and glue boiler, Willingdon.’ ” (Orwell, 122). Napoleon started to loose control when the animals realized that Napoleon had lied to them.
The animals, who believe everything, think that the “Horse Slaughterer” that took Boxer was actually a veterinarian in his new van thanks to Squealer. At this point, us pigs are far superior to other farm animals. We can read, write, wear clothes, drink alcohol, and walk. Some things were just meant to be, and I believe that pigs were meant to rule. I am the greatest, and every animal should look up to me as a king.
These reasons, including many more, are why Animal Farm fails. One reason Animal Farm fails, is because of power grabs by animals. There are many examples of this throughout the book. One power grab that failed Animal Farm, was when the pigs take the milk along with the apples for themselves. “So it was agreed without further argument that the milk and windfall apples (and also the main crop of apples when they ripened) should be reserved for the pigs alone.” (P.g 36) This is unfair because the pigs being selfish, but they are the leader, it immediately grants them permission to do so.
For example And so the tale of confessions and executions went on, until there was a pile of corpses lying before Napoleon's feet and the air was heavy with the smell of blood, which had been unknown there since the expulsion of Jones (Orwell #93). This quote shows that the pigs will do anything to maintain control even if it takes the lives of their fellow animals. This is a second example of how having the same representatives will lead to a path of chaos and destruction to everyone else but they have a safe paradise. The last example is that they made the animals do all the hard labor and suffer while they enjoyed life in the safety of the house. For example the pigs did not actually work, but directed and supervised the others.
The one main reason that the betrayal of Boxer could be an alternative climax is because when Napoleon sent Boxer to the knacker, everything went bad. After Boxer was sent to the knacker and killed, Squealer and Napoleon both lied saying, “The van had previously been the property of the knacker, and had been bought by the veterinary surgeon, who had not yet painted the old name out.” (page 125), the animals were relieved but this was not true. This is about the start of when Napoleon and the pigs start to turn into humans, “It was a pig walking on his hind legs.” (page 132), and changing their commandments just a little so that no animal will really notice. “All animals are equal but some animals are more equal than others.” (page 134). After Napoleon had all and any threats out of the way, Boxer, his plan to truly be the ruler of Animal Farm and all animals was put to work.
Throughout the novella Animal Farm, the pigs become the very essence of what they they hate at the beginning of the book, man. The pigs begin to do human-like things such as trading with humans and walking on their hind legs and morph into the image of man that Orwell suggests, that human nature is corrupted by power and greed. At the beginning of the novella the animals believe in the idea that “four legs, good, two legs bad”. The animals use this idea to run off Mr. Jones in favor of Old Major’s ideal utopia. The animals work together to learn to read, but once Snowball and Napoleon come into conflict and want power.